London Institution


London Institution

The London Institution was an educational institution founded in London in 1806.

The Institution was established in 1806, in the house of Sir William Clayton, in the Old Jewry in the City of London. Its aim, as its full title proclaimed, was the 'advancement of Literature and the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge'. It was modelled on the Royal Institution in London's West End and held a large library. Richard Porson, the first librarian, died in the rooms of the Institution in 1808.

On May 4 1815 the foundation stone was laid for a new building in Finsbury Circus. The architect of the elegant stone structure was William Brooks. The building opened on April 21 1819 containing a library, reading-rooms, a lecture-room capable of containing 750 people, a laboratory and other amenities.

The library, held over 60,000 volumes, and was particularly rich in topographical works, collected while William Upcott was librarian. Edward William Brayley was a long-serving librarian.

Chemistry was one of the main activities of the Institution, considering the volume and variety of its presentations, and the high standing of its lecturers. These included Michael Faraday, Playfair, Norman Lockyer, and Sir William Ramsay, and many other visiting lecturers. The Institution's laboratory was limited in size and facilities, but catered for instruction in practical chemistry. Between 1863 and 1884 it gained the reputation as a significant centre of chemical research under the professorships of James Alfred Wanklyn and H. E. Armstrong who published frequently in chemical periodicals as 'From the Laboratory of the London Institution'. This role of the Institution declined as universities became increasingly concerned with the systematic study of chemistry.

The building was demolished in 1936.

References

*Peter Cunningham, "Hand-Book of London", 1850
*Mogg's New Picture of London and Visitor's Guide to its Sights, 1844
*Manley "E. B. Nicholson and the London Institution" Journal of Librarianship and Information Science.1973; 5: 52-77


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • London Institution —    On the north side of Finsbury Circus at No. 11 (P.O. Directory). In Coleman Street Ward.    Founded 1805 and meetings held first in a house in Old Jewry, then in King s Arms Yard, Coleman Street.    Present building erected 1819. Architect, Wm …   Dictionary of London

  • London [1] — London (spr. Lond n, fr. Londres, holländ. Londen, ital. Londra), Hauptstadt des Britischen Reichs, des Königreichs England u. der Grafschaft Middlesex, zu beiden Seiten der Themse (ungefähr 12 Meilen oberhalb ihrer Mündung in die Nordsee),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • London [1] — London (spr. lonnd n; hierzu Stadtplan: »London, innere Stadt«, mit Registerblatt), Hauptstadt Englands und des britischen Reiches, die bevölkertste Stadt der Erde, liegt zu beiden Seiten der hier 180–275 m breiten Themse, 97 km oberhalb deren… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Institution of Mechanical Engineers — Founder George Stephenson Professional title Chartered Mechanical Engineer Founded 27 January 1847 (1847 01 27) …   Wikipedia

  • Institution of Structural Engineers — Type Structural engineering Professional title Chartered Engineer Founded 21 July 1908 (1908 07 21) Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • Institution of Structural Engineers — Gründung 21. Juli 1908 Sitz London Personen Präsident: Norman Train, Chief Executive: Martin Pow …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • London School Of Economics — and Political Science (LSE) Devise Rerum cognoscere causas (connaître la cause des choses) Nom original École d économie et de sciences politiques de Londres Informations Fondation 1895 Type Université Budget £44 million …   Wikipédia en Français

  • London School of Economics and Political Science — London School of Economics London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) Devise Rerum cognoscere causas (connaître la cause des choses) Nom original École d économie et de sciences politiques de Londres Informations Fondation 1895 Type… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • London School of Economics — and Political Science (LSE) Devise Rerum cognoscere causas (connaître la cause des choses) Nom original École d économie et de sciences politiques de Londres Informations Fondation 1895 Type Université …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.