Makin is located six kilometers northeast of the northeastern corner Butaritari (reef rim) and 6.9 km from the Butaritari islet of Namoka. It is a linear reef feature, 12.3 km long north-south, with five islets, the two larger ones being inhabited (Makin and Kiebu). The third largest, and southermost islet, Onne, is also inhabitable. This string of islands is the northernmost feature of the Gilbert Islands, and the third most northerly in the island nation of Kiribati (only Teraina and Tabuaeran of the Line Islands are more northerly). Makin is not a true atoll, but since the largest and northernmost of the islets, also called Makin, has a nearly landlocked lagoon, 0.3 km² in size and connected to the open sea in the east only through a 15 meter wide channel (with a road bridge over it), it might be considered a degenerate atoll. Kiebu, the second largest islet, has an even smaller, completely landlocked lagoon on its eastern side, with about 80 meters in diameter (making an area of about 0.005 km² or 0.5 hectares) and at distance of 60 meters to the open sea.
Since neighboring Butaritari was called Makin Atoll by the U.S. military, the feature used to be called Makin Meang or Little Makin to distinguish it from the larger atoll. Now that Butaritari has become the preferred name for that larger atoll, speakers tend to drop the qualifier for Makin.
Makin Airport, located immediately northeast of the capital, between the lagoon and the sea, has ICAO code NGMN and IATA code MTK.
Makin has a land area of 6.7 km² and a population of 2,385 (census of 2005), divided between two villages:
- Tebua Tarawa
Makin 1,834 inhabitants Kiebu 551 inhabitants
The climate is very similar to the one of close-by Butaritari atoll, with lush vegetation and high rainfall. Typical annual rainfall is about 4 m, compared with about 2 m on Tarawa Atoll and 1 m in the far south of Kiribati. Rainfall on Makin is enhanced during an El Niño.
Two ships of the United States Exploring Expedition, USS Peacock (1828) and USS Flying Fish (1838), under the command of Captain Hudson, visited many of the Gilbert Islands (then called the Kingsmill Islands or Kingsmill Group in English). While in the Gilberts, considerable time was devoted to mapping and charting reefs and anchorages.
References in popular culture
Makin Island is featured in the video game Call of Duty: World at War in the first single player level Semper Fi, and 2 multi-player maps 'Makin' and 'Makin Day.' It also features as a campaign location in the game Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault as 'Makin Atoll.'
- Makin Airport
- Battle of Makin
- Exhibit: The Alfred Agate Collection: The United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 from the Navy Art Gallery
- Stevenson, Robert L. (1896), In the South Seas
Kiribati Gilbert Islands Phoenix Islands Line Islands West of Gilberts Reefs
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Makin — may refer to: Makin (islands), Kiribati Makin Island, Makin, the main island Makin (village), the capital of Makin The Makin Island raid, a 1942 attack by US Marines on Japanese military forces on Makin Island The Battle of Makin (1943) in World… … Wikipedia
Makin Island — may refer to: Butaritari, an atoll in Kiribati Makin (islands) USS Makin Island (LHD 8) See also Makin (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an … Wikipedia
Makin — Pour l’article homonyme, voir Makin (île). Makin Petite Makin Carte de Makin … Wikipédia en Français
Makin (île) — Pour l’article homonyme, voir Makin. Makin Géographie Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Makin Island raid — Part of the Pacific Theater of World War II … Wikipedia
Makin (Inselgruppe) — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Makin ISS Bild von Makin Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Archipel … Deutsch Wikipedia
Makin — noun battles in World War II in the Pacific (November 1943); United States Marines took the islands from the Japanese after bitter fighting • Syn: ↑Tarawa, ↑Tarawa Makin • Regions: ↑Gilbert Islands • Instance Hypernyms: ↑amphibious assault … Useful english dictionary
Gilbert Islands — Gilberts redirects here. For other uses, see Gilberts (disambiguation). The Gilbert Islands (Gilbertese: Tungaru; formerly Kingsmill Islands) are a chain of sixteen atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean. They are the main part of… … Wikipedia
Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign — Part of World War II, Pacific War … Wikipedia
Battle of Makin — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Makin caption=American troops of the 2d Battalion, 165th Infantry, struggle to shore on Yellow Beach on Butaritari Island partof=World War II, Pacific War date=20 November 1943 ndash; 24 November 1943… … Wikipedia