Russian Christmas Music
"Russian Christmas Music" is a
musical piecefor symphonic band, written by Alfred Reedin 1944. It is one of the most popular and frequently-performed pieces of concert band literature.
Reed was commissioned to write a piece of "
Russian music" for a concert in Denver, Colorado. The concert's aim was to improve Soviet-American relations; as such, it was to include premieres of new Soviet and American works. Prokofiev's "March, Op. 99" was supposed to be the Russian work, but it was discovered that the work had already been performed in the United States, and Reed was assigned to write a new piece a mere sixteen days before the concert. The piece was first performed on December 12, 1944, on nationally-broadcast NBC radio.
Although "Russian Christmas Music" consists of only one movement, it can be readily divided into four sections:
# The opening section, "Carol of the Little Russian Children" (mm. 1–31; approx. 3
minutes), is based on a 16th centuryRussian christmas carol. It is slow throughout; after a quiet opening by the chimes, contrabass clarinet, and string bass, the clarinets carry the melody. The other voices join in, and the section ends with a series of chords.
# The "Antiphonal Chant" (mm. 32–85; about 2 minutes) is faster and louder, with the melody initially carried by the
trombones, horns, trumpets, and cornets. The woodwinds join in, and the music becomes more and more frenzied until the section ends loudly.
# The "Village Song" (mm. 86–165; about 5 minutes) is much gentler by comparison; the
english hornhas two solos, with soli in the flutes and a solo in the horns at the end of each. The piece enters a time signatureof 6/4; the band plays a series of "cantabile" two-bar phrases back and forth between the woodwinds and brass, with the string bass playing long strings of eighth-notes, which are passed along to the bells. The song becomes quieter again, and the section ends with another English horn solo.
# The "Cathedral Chorus" (mm. 166–249; about 5 minutes) starts quietly, as the end of "Village Song", but a crescendo in the trombones and percussion brings the rest of the band in majestically. The music builds to a climax, but then backs down for a final chorale in the woodwinds; the sound builds once again, and the song concludes with a sonorous finale.
A typical performance of "Russian Christmas Music" lasts 14–16 minutes. As it was written to convey the sounds of Eastern Orthodox liturgical music, which uses the
human voiceexclusively, the entire piece must be played with some lyrical and singing quality.
"Slavonic Folk Suite" is Reed's arrangement of "Carol of the Little Russian Children" (here called "Children's Carol") and "Cathedral Chorus" for a younger, less experienced band.
The song is also the official corps song of The Crossmen Drum and Bugle Corps
title = One of Our Own: Alfred Reed
url = http://www.bandofmidamerica.af.mil/shared/media/band//AR%20Booklet.pdf
author = USAF Band of Mid-America
* [http://www.windband.org/foothill/dec01.htm#Russian%20Christmas%20Music Program Notes for "Con Spirito", a concert by the Foothill Symphonic Winds]
* "Alfred Reed: A Bio-Bibliography" by Douglas M. Jordan; ISBN 0-313-30333-9
* Santa Clara Vanguard Drum & Bugle Corps Performance: [http://www.scvanguard.org/history/gallery/media_viewer.cfm?uid=9066151a-ab03-4f3b-967f-b8461c6aafec Russian Christmas Music]
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