Liberty, Missouri


Liberty, Missouri

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Liberty, Missouri
settlement_type = City
nickname =


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



imagesize =
image_caption =


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mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in the state of Missouri and in Clay County


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Missouri
subdivision_name2 = Clay
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Robert Steinkamp
established_date =
area_magnitude = 1 E7
area_total_sq_mi = 28.9
area_land_sq_mi = 28.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
area_water_percent =
area_total_km2 = 74.8
area_land_km2 = 74.6
area_water_km2 = 0.2
elevation_m = 270
elevation_ft = 886
latd = 39 |latm = 14 |lats = 27 |latNS = N
longd = 94 |longm = 25 |longs = 35 |longEW = W
population_as_of = 2004
population_note =
population_total = 28528
population_density_sq_mi = 1056.6
population_density_km2 = 407.5
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latitude = 39°14'27" N
longitude = 94°25'35" W
website = http://www.ci.liberty.mo.us
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 64068, 64069, 64087
area_code = 816
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 29-42032GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0730132GR|3
footnotes =

Liberty is a city in Clay County, Missouri and is a suburb of Kansas City, Missouri. At the 2000 census the city population was 26,232. It is the county seat of Clay CountyGR|6.Liberty is also home to William Jewell College.

History

Liberty was settled in 1822, and shortly later became the county seat of Clay County.

In 1830, David Rice Atchison established a law office in Liberty. He was joined three years later by colleague Alexander William Doniphan. The two argued cases defending the rights of Mormon settlers in Jackson County, served Northwest Missouri in Missouri's General Assembly, and labored for the addition of the Platte Purchase to Missouri's boundaries. In October 1838, the two were ordered by Governor Lilburn Boggs to arrest Mormon prophet Joseph Smith Jr. at the Far West settlement in Caldwell County. Immediately after the conclusion of the Mormon War, Smith and other Mormon leaders were incarcerated at the Liberty Jail for the winter as Doniphan labored for a quicker trial date. Although Doniphan led a force of Missouri volunteers ordered to capture the leaders, he defended Joseph Smith in trial and won him a change in venue. While en route to their new venue, Smith and his followers escaped and left Missouri for the new Mormon settlement in Nauvoo, Illinois.

Atchison relocated to Plattsburg in Clinton County, as Doniphan continued to make his name in Liberty. Doniphan would join a company of Clay County men and command the 1st Missouri Mounted Volunteers Regiment during the Mexican-American War. The wartime fervor was covered by the "Liberty Tribune", founded in April 1846.

In 1849, Liberty became the home of William Jewell College.

During the Civil War, sympathies for the Confederacy were prevalent in Liberty. In the 1860 Presidential Election, no votes in Clay County went to Abraham Lincoln.

A few days after the firing on Fort Sumter a Confederate mob seized the Liberty Arsenal disrupting Missouri's plans to remain with the Union but neutral. The seizure, which was the first skirmish in the state during the war, eventually led to the eviction of Missouri's elected governor and has sometimes been called "Missouri's Fort Sumter"

In September 1861 in the Battle of Liberty Union troops unsuccessfully attempted to stop Confederate sympathizers led by Atchison from crossing the Missouri River to reinforce Confederate position in the Battle of Lexington I. There were 126 casualties. William Jewell was turned into a Union hospital and the Union buried their dead on the campus.

Liberty was to also see action in the August 1862 siege of Independence.

Southern sentiment remained in the city long after the Civil War—city hall reportedly refused to fly the United States Flag until the start of World War I.

Liberty was the site of the first daytime bank robbery in the United States during peacetime, on February 13, 1866 at the Clay County Savings Association. The gang led by Jesse James was purportedly responsible for the robbery and death of one William Jewell student.

Education opportunities blossomed in the latter half of the 19th century. Liberty High School was chartered in 1890, the county's oldest four-year institution. Liberty Ladies College opened on a hill due west of Jewell that same year. The school burned down in 1913, resulting in its merger with Jewell. Liberty also housed many privately owned boarding schools. At one operated by Professor Love, a complacent student named Carrie Nation was driven to tears when she was unable to formulate an argument for a class debate concerning animal sentience.

Also in 1913, Liberty was connected to Kansas City by way of the Interurban rail system. Transportation links between the growing metropolis and Liberty increased with the addition of State Route 10 in 1922 and its conversion to U.S. Route 69 in 1926. The electric railway ceased operations in 1933. The addition of Interstate 35 in the 1960s along portions of US 69 brought new expansion to Liberty, creating car-filled suburban neighborhoods oriented toward Kansas City.

William Jewell was the NFL Training Camp for the Kansas City Chiefs until 1991.

On May 4, 2003, a "high end" F2 tornado that was part of the May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence struck the downtown and William Jewell campus heavily damaging numerous buildings. Although damage is estimated at between $15 and $20 million, nobody at the school was killed or injured. Classes resumed in the fall.

Today

Liberty is among the largest suburbs of Kansas City. The city limits of Kansas City touch the western and southern borders of Liberty. Some businesses formerly in Liberty moved across I-35 to Kansas City, lured by tax abatements and room for expansion. Liberty is redeveloping the Liberty Triangle, an 88 acre (360,000 m²) parcel bound by I-35 and Routes 152 and 291. Liberty proposed annexing three unincorporated areas in 2005/2006. The first two went to a vote in 2006 and one was approved. A third area is expected to be put on the ballot in the near future and would more than double the city in size. All three areas would increase out the city boundaries to the school district boundaries.

Major employers in Liberty include the Hallmark distribution warehouse. Liberty is also home to the operations headquarters for Ferrellgas, the largest retail provider of propane in the United States.

The Liberty Public School District serves Liberty, Glenaire, along with portions of Kansas City and unincorporated Clay County. Its schools (9 elementary, 2 middle, 2 junior high, 1 senior high (with an additional senior high, junior high, and middle school planned)) have ranked among the best in Missouri in recent years, with achievement of multiple athletic and academic state titles and championships in recent years as well as high-performance district honors from the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.

Geography

Liberty is located at coor dms|39|14|27|N|94|25|35|W|city (39.240852, -94.426502)GR|1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.9 square miles (74.8 km²).74.6 km² (28.8²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.22%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 26,232 people, 9,511 households, and 6,943 families residing in the city. The population density was 973.3 people per square mile (375.8/km²). There were 9,973 housing units at an average density of 370.0/sq mi (142.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.75% White, 2.59% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.68% of the population.

There were 9,511 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $52,745, and the median income for a family was $61,273. Males had a median income of $41,713 versus $28,516 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,415. About 3.8% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

* Ken Boyer, former third baseman and coach of the St. Louis Cardinals
* James Dewees, keyboardist and back-up vocalist of The Get Up Kids, and started Reggie and the Full Effect.
* Craig Stevens, star of the 1950s television series Peter Gunn
* Matt Wertz, soft rock singer/songwriter

Fictional references to Liberty

* Combat High, movie released in 1986, had several scenes filmed in Liberty.
* Although the 1939 film "Jesse James" was set in Liberty, filming took place in the Southwest Missouri towns of Noel and Pineville.
* The made-for-TV movie adaptation of Stephen King's "Sometimes They Come Back" was principally filmed in Liberty, including the former high school building, now Liberty Junior High School.
* In "The West Wing", one-time Acting President Glen Allen Walken (played by another Missourian, John Goodman) was born in Liberty and represented a Missouri district in Congress as Speaker of the House.
* In the 1988 film, "Young Guns", Kiefer Sutherland brags that he "used to ride with the Dirty Underwear Gang out of Liberty, Missouri."

References

External links

* [http://www.ci.liberty.mo.us City of Liberty Web Site]
* [http://liberty.k12.mo.us Liberty Public Schools Web Site]


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