Auxvasse, Missouri

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Auxvasse, Missouri
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption =


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imagesize =
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mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Auxvasse, Missouri


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Missouri
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Callaway
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =

area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 1.7
area_land_km2 = 1.7
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 0.7
area_land_sq_mi = 0.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 901
population_density_km2 = 523.8
population_density_sq_mi = 1356.6

timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 265
elevation_ft = 869
latd = 39 |latm = 0 |lats = 59 |latNS = N
longd = 91 |longm = 53 |longs = 48 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 65231
area_code = 573
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 29-02638GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0713496GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Auxvasse is a city in Callaway County, Missouri, United States. It is part of the Jefferson City, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 901 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Auxvasse is located at coor dms|39|0|59|N|91|53|48|W|city (39.016478, -91.896780)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 901 people, 381 households, and 240 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,356.6 people per square mile (527.1/km²). There were 400 housing units at an average density of 602.3/sq mi (234.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.01% White, 3.22% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.

There were 381 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,875, and the median income for a family was $42,700. Males had a median income of $28,214 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,785. About 6.7% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 18.1% of those age 65 or over.

Early History

Auxvasse was laid out in the fall of 1871. Mr. Thomas B. Harris, who owned the land, founded the town when the Louisiana and Missouri River Railroad announced plans to build a rail line from Mexico, Missouri to Cedar City. He named the town Clinton City. The official plat was filed in the Callaway County Recorder's office on October 23, 1873. Mr. Harris's town was bustling with nearly 100 people by that time.

Carpenter S.B. Meyers built the first Auxvasse homes in 1872. He also built a carpenter shop that was later converted into a blacksmith shop.

The first Post Office was established in about 1874. That brought to light the existence of another Missouri town named Clinton in Henry County. It was clear the name of the town had to be changed to avoid confusion. In fact, the U.S. Post Office insisted. A town meeting was called to allow citizens to suggest a new name. No one could agree on any certain name until the supervisor in charge of construction of the new Auxvasse Creek railroad bridge stepped forward. He suggested the town be named Auxvasse, after the creek. Everyone quickly agreed and the name was changed to Auxvasse.

The name Auxvasse was given to the creek by early French explorers who had trouble crossing the stream in the area east of the present town of Mokane. Lillbourn W. Boggs, who later became governor of Missouri, was traveling with the Frenchmen at the time. Some of the wagons became mired and were pulled free only after long hard labor by the entire company. Thereafter, the French called the stream "Riviere Aux Vases" or river with miry places.

The first Board of Trustees of Auxvasse was appointed by the County Court in 1885. Members of that first board were J.A. Harrison, Edwin Swon, E.M. Dudley, Joseph F. Rohn, and W.D. Frisbie. All of these men were prominent in the early development of Auxvasse.

John A. Harrison, who came from Mexico, Missouri to Auxvasse, appears many times in the early records. He was the first postmaster. He served from 1874 until 1883. He was also appointed another term as postmaster in the early 1890's. The post office was housed in the town's first mercantile building, erected by Mr. Harrison in 1872. He was also in a lumber business and a brick making business. In 1878, J.A. and his brother, James N. Harrison, began burning lime, putting up the first draw kiln of important size in the county. The kiln was located south of Auxvasse.

J.A. Harrison also built the first brick building in town in 1876. The first story was used as a general store and the second for the Odd Fellows Lodge room. The building was enlarged in 1884, and has been used for many purposes over the years.

Lloyd King started the Auxvasse Review, a weekly newspaper, in 1888. Until 1923 it was located on the second floor of the J.A. Harrison building mentioned above. Another J.A. Harrison building, the Auxvasse Bank building, was erected in 1886. The bank remained open until July 5, 1924.

The Auxvasse Flour Mill and Saw Mill was established in 1881 by Charles Martin. It was located on the West Side of town on Harrison Street. It was destroyed by fire. Another flour mill was built on the southwest corner of Walnut and Mill Streets. It was also destroyed by fire.

Following the disastrous drought of 1901, there was a strong demand for a better water supply than the cisterns then in use. The service of a "water witch" and his peach tree branch was enlisted. He located a vein of water in the center of Main Street. A well was drilled at that point and water was found in abundance. A wooden water tower and tank were erected and a pump operated by a gasoline engine was installed. A few stores then had water piped into them. Several outdoor hydrants were placed in the business section of town. A watering trough for horses was located on the east side of Main Street a short distance south of the Walnut Street intersection. This waterworks served the town until 1914.

References

External links


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