Ernst B. Haas

Ernst Bernard Haas (1924 – March 6, 2003) was an American political scientist who made numerous contributions to theoretical discussions in the field of international relations.

He was a leading authority on international relations theory, and was the founder of neofunctionalism.

Haas was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and acted as a consultant to many national and international organizations.

Early life

Haas was born in Frankfurt, Germany, in 1924. He and his family emigrated to the United States in 1938.

He attended the University of Chicago and then worked in the U.S. Army Military Intelligence Service from 1943-46. He studied at Columbia University, where he received his BS, followed by an MA. It was there, too, that he gained his PhD in public law and government in 1952.

Private life

Haas was married to the late Hildegarde Vogel Haas for 57 years. He had a son, Peter M. Haas, who is a professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst.

Academic career

Haas began his academic career in 1951 at UC Berkeley, where he remained until his death.

He was director of the UC Berkeley Institute for International Studies from 1969-73.

He was Robson Professor of Government in the University of California, Berkeley, political science department.After he retired in June 1999, he continued as a researcher and teacher at Berkeley.

Main interests

Haas was mainly interested in international integration. Haas realized that traditional European politics could be dramatically changed by liberalizing movement of goods capital, and persons, but his analysis differed significantly from classical liberalism.

He is the founder of neofunctionalism as an approach to the study of integration. Neofunctionalism recognizes the importance of national states but also stresses the roles of regional interest groups and the bureaucracy of regional organizations. Though the member states create the initial conditions, regional interest groups and international bureaucrats push the process forward, and national governments increasingly solve conflicts of interest by conferring more authority on the regional organizations, and citizens increasingly look to the regional organization for solutions to their problems.

Works

Haas published numerous books, monographs and articles.

In 1997 The Uniting of Europe was chosen as one of the 50 most significant books in international relations in the twentieth century by the journal Foreign Affairs.Ruggie et al. 2005] Hyman 2003]

His works include:
*Haas, Ernst B. 1952. The reconciliation of conflicting colonial policy aims: acceptance of the League of Nations mandate system. Int. Organ. 6(4):521–36
*Haas, Ernst B. 1953. The balance of power as a guide to policy-making. J. Polit. 15(3):370–98
*Haas, Ernst B. 1958. The Uniting of Europe. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press
*Haas, Ernst B. 1961. International integration: the European and the universal process. Int. Organ. 15(3):366–92
*Haas, Ernst B. 1964. Beyond the Nation State. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press
*Haas, Ernst B. 1970. Human Rights and International Action. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press
*Haas, Ernst B. 1978. Global Evangelism Rides Again: How to Protect Human Rights Without Really Trying. Univ. Calif. Policy Pap. No. 5, Berkeley, CA
*Haas, Ernst B. 1990. When Knowledge is Power: Three Models of Change in International Organizations. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press
*Haas, Ernst B. 1993. Beware the Slippery Slope: Notes Toward the Definition of Justifiable Intervention. Univ. Calif., Inst. Int. Stud. Policy Pap. No. 42, Berkeley, CA
*Haas, Ernst B. 1997. Nationalism, Liberalism and Progress. Vol. 1. The Rise and Decline of Nationalism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press
*Haas, Ernst B. 2000. Nationalism, Liberalism and Progress. Vol. 2. The Dismal Fate of New Nations. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press

Notes

References

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  • Ernst Bernard Haas — (* 1924 in Frankfurt am Main; † 6. März 2003) war ein amerikanischer Politikwissenschaftler. Im Theoriegebiet der Internationalen Beziehungen veröffentlichte er zahlreiche Schriften und Essays. Er war Mitglied der American Academy of Arts and… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernst Otto Haas — (* 18. Februar 1912 in Diedenhofen, Lothringen; † 3. Juli 1984) war ein deutscher Politiker (CDU). Er war von 1967 bis 1975 Mitglied des Landtags von Schleswig Holstein. Leben und Beruf Ernst Otto Haas besuchte ein humanistisches Gymnasium und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ernst Haas — ist der Name folgender Personen: Ernst Haas (Politiker) (1901–1979), deutscher Jurist und Politiker (SPD) Ernst Haas (Fotograf) (1921–1986), österreichisch US amerikanischer Fotograf, Autor und frühes Mitglied der Fotoagentur Magnum Photos Ernst… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haas — can refer to: * Haas School of Business (United States), a part of the University of California, Berkeley, named after Walter A. Haas, Jr. * Haas Automation, a machine tool company * Haas effect, a psychoacoustic effect, also known as the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ernst Haas (Fotograf) — Ernst Haas (* 2. März 1921 in Wien; † 12. September 1986 in New York) war ein österreichisch US amerikanischer Fotograf, Autor und frühes Mitglied der Fotoagentur Magnum Photos. Leben Haas fand, nach eigenen Aussagen bereits als Kind, Interesse… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ernst Polak — (bis 1938: Pollak;[1] * 4. August 1886 in Jitschin; † 21. September[2] 1947 in London) war ein österreichischer Literaturkritiker und Literaturagent. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Familie 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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