- Union of Kraków and Vilna
Union of Kraków and VilnaFact|date=November 2007 ( _pl. Unia krakowsko-wileńska) also known as Union of Vilnius [cite book | last = Lukowski | first = Jerzy | authorlink = | coauthors = Zawadzki, Hubert | title = A Concise History of Poland | publisher = | date= 2006 | location = | pages = p. 42 | url = | doi = | id = | isbn = 052185332X ] ( _pl. unia wileńska) was an agreement forming part of the
Polish-Lithuanian union, signed in Cracowon 6 May 1499 and Vilniuson 24 July that year.
After the death of
Casimir IV Jagiellonin 1492 , John I Albert was elected to the Polish throne, and his brother, Alexander Jagiellon, became the Grand Duke of Lithuania. Thus the personal unionwas broken, as no longer one monarch hold the positions of King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. Nonetheless both brothers cooperated closely, and the union at that time can be described as a dynastic union. Nonetheless soon the 1490s saw a series of defeats for the Jagiellondynasty; as the lack of cooperation and coordination cost all sides dearly. Thus both brothers agreed that the union should be tightened.
The Union of Vilnius was based on the
Union of Horodłoof 1413 (although recognizing more of Grand Duchy's autonomy; in particular, there was no mention of incorporationof Lithuanian into Poland). In particular, it stressed that:
* both countries would aid one another against common enemies
* both countries would not declare war without agreement of the other
* rulers of both countries would be chosen with "advice and consent" of the other
The result of the Union of Vilnius was confirmation of the close alliance between the two countries.
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