Guadalupe Mountains

name=Guadalupe Mountains

image_caption=Guadalupe Mountains
country=United States
state=Texas|state1=New Mexico
border=Sacramento Mountains| border1=Brokeoff Mountains
length_imperial=65| length_orientation=|length_note=
width_imperial=20 | width_orientation=
geology=Limestone |orogeny=| period=
highest=Guadalupe Peak


The Guadalupe Mountains are a mountain range located in western Texas and southeastern New Mexico. The range includes the highest summit in Texas, Guadalupe Peak, Convert|8749|ft|m|0|abbr=on, and the "signature peak" of West Texas, El Capitan, both located within Guadalupe Mountains National Park, as well as Carlsbad Caverns National Park.

The range lies southeast of the Sacramento Mountains and east of the Brokeoff Mountains. It extends north-northwest and northeast from Guadalupe Peak in Texas into New Mexico.gnis|id=912587] The northeastern extension ends about 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Carlsbad, near White's City and Carlsbad Caverns National Park. The northwestern extension, bounded by a dramatic escarpment known as "The Rim", extends much further into New Mexico, to near the Sacramento Mountains. The range is bounded on the north by Four Mile Canyon; on the east by the valley of the Pecos River; and on the west by Piñon Creek, Big Dog Canyon, Valley Canyon, Middle Dog Canyon and West Dog Canyon.

Much of the range is built from the ancient undersea Capitán Reef. For detail on the area's geology, see Delaware Basin. As the range is built up almost entirely of limestone, upland areas have little or no surface water. The only significant surface water is McKittrick Creek, in McKittrick Canyon, which emerges from the eastern side of the massif, just south of the New Mexico border. Elevations at the base of the range vary from Convert|4000|ft|m|-2 above sea level on the western side to Convert|5000|ft|m|-2 on the east. Several peaks on the southern end exceed Convert|8000|ft|m|-2. Salt flats on the western side of the National Park are marked by creosote desert, with low elevations on the east covered with grassland and juniper. Canyon interiors such as McKittrick and Pine Springs Canyon on the southeast end exhibit maple and pine, and uplands over Convert|7000|ft|m|-2|abbr=on|abbr=on|abbr=on|abbr=on are clothed with denser forests of ponderosa pine, with small stands of oak and aspen.

The range contains many world-class caves, including Carlsbad Caverns (the best known) and Lechuguilla Cave, discovered in 1986. The history of the range includes occupation by ancient Pueblo and Mogollon peoples, and by the Apache and various Anglo outlaws in the 19th century.Butterfield, Mike, and Greene, Peter, "Mike Butterfield's Guide to the Mountains of New Mexico", New Mexico Magazine Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-937206-88-1]

U.S. Geological Survey Photographic Library ( )]

El_Capitan_(Hill,_1899)_[Darton, N.H. 1928. "Red Beds" and associated formations in New Mexico, with an outline of the geology of the state. United States Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 794, 356 pp. (Photo by R.T. Hill (1899), See Plate 8-A)]


ee also

* Guadalupe Mountains National Park
* Carlsbad Caverns National Park

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guadalupe Mountains — p1p5 Guadalupe Mountains Höchster Gipfel Guadalupe Peak (2.667  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guadalupe Mountains — Montagnes Guadalupe Montagnes Guadalupe Géographie Altitude 2 667 m, Pic Guadalupe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guadalupe Mountains — geographical name mountains S New Mexico & W Texas, the S extension of Sacramento Mountains; highest point Guadalupe Peak, 8749 feet (2667 meters), in Guadalupe Mountains National Park (in Texas) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Guadalupe Mountains — a mountain range in S New Mexico and SW Texas, part of the Sacramento Mountains. Highest peak, Guadalupe Peak, 8751 ft. (2667 m). * * * …   Universalium

  • Guadalupe Mountains — noun a mountain range in southern New Mexico and western Texas; the southern extension of the Sacramento Mountains • Instance Hypernyms: ↑range, ↑mountain range, ↑range of mountains, ↑chain, ↑mountain chain, ↑chain of mountains • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Guadalupe Mountains — Gua′dalupe Moun′tains n. pl. geg a mountain range in S New Mexico and SW Texas, part of the Sacramento Mountains. Highest peak, 8751 ft. (2667 m) …   From formal English to slang

  • Guadalupe Mountains National Park — Guadalupe Mountains Nationalpark Guadalupe Mountains Nationalpark …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guadalupe-Mountains-Nationalpark — Guadalupe Mountains Nationalpark …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guadalupe Mountains National Park — Parc national des Guadalupe Mountains Guadalupe Mountains Catégorie II de la CMAP (Parc national) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guadalupe Mountains National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Guadalupe Mountains National Park iucn category = II caption = locator x = 94 locator y = 134 location = Culberson County and Hudspeth County, Texas, USA nearest city = Carlsbad, New Mexico lat degrees = 31 lat… …   Wikipedia

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