native_name = Úbeda
spanish_name = Úbeda
image_coat_of_arms_size = 80px
image_coat_of_arms_size = 80px
image_city_map_size = 150px
image_city_map_caption = | lat_long = coord|38|00|N|3|22|W
time_zone = CET (GMT +1)
time_zone_summer = CEST (GMT +2)
native_language = Spanish
community = Andalusia
community_link = Andalusia
province = Jaén
province_link = Jaén (province)
comarca = La Loma de Úbeda
comarca_link = La Loma de Úbeda
area = 397.1
altitude = 748
population = 36.342
date-population = 2006
density = 91.52
date-density = 2006
postal_code = 23400
area_code = 953 75 or 79...
Úbeda (IPA2|'uβeða) is a town in the province of Jaén in
Spain's autonomous communityof Andalusia. It had about 36,000 inhabitants in 2003. It is best known for its association with the writer Antonio Muñoz Molinaand the composer and singer Joaquín Sabina. UNESCOdeclared its Renaissancemonuments a World Heritage Sitein a cultural unity with Baezain 2003.
The city is near the geographic centre of the province of Jaén, and it is the administrative seat of the surrounding
Loma de Úbeda comarca. It is one of the region's most important settlements, boasting a regional hospital, university Bachelor's Degree in Education college, distance-learning facilities, local government facilities, social security offices, courts, etc. According to the Caixa yearbook, it is the economic hub of a catchment area with a population of 200,000 inhabitants. Twenty-nine percent of employment is in the service sector, with many people working in commerce and local government administration. People are also very employed in agriculture (with olives the predominant crop), cattle ranching, industry and tourism.
The most outstanding feature is the monumental
Vázquez de Molina Square, surrounded with imposing buildings such as the Palacio de las Cadenas (so named for the decorative chains which once hung from the façade).
Also there, the Capilla del Salvador also has a chapel screen by the ironworker Bartolomé de Jaen. The Hospital de Santiago, designed by
Vandelvirain the late 16th century, with its square bell towers and graceful Renaissance courtyard, is now the home of the town's Conference Hall. Ubeda has a Paradorhotel, housed in a 16th century palace which was the residence of a high-ranking churchman of that period.
One of the main seasonal attractions of the town is the annual music and dance festival which is held in May and June including opera, jazz, flamenco, chamber music, symphony orchestra and dance. Just south east of the town lies the nature park of Sierra de
Cazorla, Segura y las Villas.
The economy of the city is based on the
olive's cultivation. Úbeda has become in one of the biggest olive oil's producers and packers of the Jaén province
The town lends its name to a common
figure of speechin Spanish, "andar por los cerros de Úbeda" (literally 'to walk around the hills of Úbeda'), meaning 'to go off at a tangent'.
Úbeda was inhabited during prehistoric times, as evidenced by local archaeological findings. Romans and
Visigothsalso lived here. This area became an important city in the Muslim period. It was refounded by Abd ar-Rahman II(822-852), who called it "Medinat-Ubbadat-Al-Arab". It was included in the area of Jaén. In this period, its territory extended across more than 35,000 hectares.Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and
State Party = ESP
Type = Cultural
Criteria = ii, iv
ID = 522
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 2003
Session = 27th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/522Úbeda was eventually gained for the Castilian crown in 1233 by the king Ferdinand III (called "the Saint"). After that, the
Muslim, Christianand Jewishcultures coexisted for a long time.
In the Christian period the territory of Úbeda increased a lot, including the area from
Torres de Acún( Granada) to Santisteban del Puerto, passing by cities like Albánchez de Úbeda, Huesaand Canena, and, in the middle of the 16th century it also included Cabra del Santo Cristo, Quesada or Torreperogil.
Úbeda has an important geographic value, what was decisive in this period. As Úbeda was in the border between Granada and Castille, the Castilian kings gave it a lot of adventages, such as the "Fuero de Cuenca", which tried to stablish a population formed by people from Castilla and from León, in order to face the problems that there could be in the border.
The wealth Úbeda got in the 16th century had a lot of reasons, like its good communications, its wide territory, geographic situation, and a very powerful nobility. Because of the "Fuero de Cuenca", a popular Council was formed, which developed to a middle-class nobility, which tried to make th high-ranking official hereditary.
During the 14th and the 15th century, there were many wars and fights among important people who tried to dominate the Council. The social conflicts afected the economy, based mainly in
agricultureand livestock farming.
Mudéjarcivilization were who supported the agriculture and the handmade industry ( potteryand esparto).
In 1368 the city was devastated because of the civil war between
Peter I of Castileand Henry II of Trastámara. This fact, combinated with other circumstances, caused the worsening of the rivalry between the families de Trapera and de Aranda in the first moment, and the families de la Cueva and de Molina after. This produced many problems and fights which solved when the Catholic Kingstook part in this problem: they ordered the Alcázarthe nobility used as a fortress to be destroyed.
The 16th century was the time when Úbeda was more important, because of its economic development and the increase in its agricultural production. Apart of this, the handmade industry diversified. So, the population of Úbeda also increased greatly (it got 18,000 people, more or less).
The population was divided into three different classes, depending on their richness and power.In this period, the family de los Cobos-de Molina was the most important.
Francisco de los Cobos became the Emperor Charles V's Prime
Secretary of State, and got a lot of important charges.
It is also a period in which many important buildings were built, thanks to architects like Siloé, Berruguete and Vandelvira.
A time of prosperity ended with several natural disasters, and in the last years of the 18th century Úbeda tried to recover its economy, with the help of the agriculture and the
In the early nineteenth century the War of Independence (this war against Napoleon is often called the "Peninsular War" in English) produced economic damages again, and Úbeda did not recover until the end of the 19th century, when several technical improvements were applied in
Ideological discussions took place at the "casinos", places for informal discussions about several items.
Chiclana de la Frontera, Spain
* [http://www.ubedainteresa.com/ingles/presentacion.html Virtual Guide to Úbeda] (municipal council website)
* [http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/522 Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza] (UN World Heritage website)
* [http://www.vbeda.com Histories of Úbeda "in Spanish"]
* [http://www.porloscerrosdeubeda.es - Porloscerrosdeubeda.es Web of leisure and tourism of Úbeda and province]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Ubeda — Úbeda Úbeda Úbeda : Sacra Capilla del Salvador et Parador de Tourisme … Wikipédia en Français
Ubeda — Úbeda (Kapelle El Salvador und der Palast Deán Ortega Úbeda ist eine Stadt in der spanischen autonomen Gemeinschaft Andalusien in der Provinz Jaén. 2004 zählte sie 33.500 Einwohner und ist damit die drittgrößte Stadt dieser Provinz. 1591 starb… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Úbeda — [ uβeȓa], Stadt in der Provinz Jaén, Südspanien, Andalusien, 758 m über dem Meeresspiegel; 31 400 Einwohner; auf den Plateauflächen Loma de Úbeda zwischen Guadalimar im Norden und oberem Guadalquivir im Süden, inmitten ausgedehnter Ölbaum und… … Universal-Lexikon
Ubeda — Celui qui est originaire d une localité espagnole portant ce nom. Deux communes portent ce nom : Ubeda en Andalousie et Ubeda dans la province de Valencia … Noms de famille
Ubeda — Ubeda, 1) Stadt in der spanischen Provinz Jaën (Andalusien); hat festes Castell, 11 Kirchen, 8 Klöster, Hospital, fertigt Tücher, Leder, Seife, treibt Feigenbau, handelt mit Wein, Öl etc.; 16,000 Ew.; dabei Stutereien. U. war zur Zeit der Mauren… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Ubĕda — Ubĕda, Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Jaen, auf dem Plateau Loma de U. (600 m ü. M.) zwischen dem Guadalquivir und Guadalimar gelegen, hat ein großes Kastell, einige gotische Kirchen, Wein und Ölhandel, ein königliches Gestüt und (1900)… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ubeda — Ubĕda, Stadt in der span. Prov. Jaén, zwischen dem Guadalquivir und Guadalimar, (1900) 19.913 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Ubeda — Ubeda, span. Stadt in der Provinz Jaën, mit 18000 E., Castell, Gewerbsfleiß, Oel und Südfrüchtebau … Herders Conversations-Lexikon