Immanuel Aboab

Immanuel Aboab (born in Oporto, Portugal, about 1555; died at Venice in 1628) was a Portuguese Jewish scholar. He was a great-grandson of Isaac Aboab (died 1493).


He early became an orphan and was reared by his grandfather Abraham Aboab. He emigrated to Italy, and after living some time at Pisa he moved to Corfu, where he became acquainted with Horazio del Monte, a nephew of the duke of Urbino.

In Reggio he became acquainted with Menahem Azaria de Fano; thence he went to Spoleto and elsewhere in Italy, and finally settled at Venice. Here he had occasion, in 1603, to defend his coreligionists, in the presence of an exalted commission, against malicious accusations, and he proved that the Jews had never lacked the courage to make the sacrifices on behalf of the country that protected them.


Aboab had the intention of going to Palestine and publishing there his works, "The Kingdom of the Intellect" and "The Foundations of Truth," which he had written in defense of the Talmud. He was the author of a defense of the traditional law and of a chronological list of that law's exponents. He worked at this treatise, which was much prized by the pious, for ten years, and completed it in 1625. It was published by his heirs at Amsterdam, in 1629 (2d ed., ibid., 1727), under the title, "Nomologia o Discursos Legales, Compuestos por el Virtuose Hakam Rabi Imanuel Aboab de Buena Memoria." A manuscript of this work exists in the library of the Historical Academy in Madrid.


*De Rossi, "Dizionario Storico", Germ. transl. by Hamberger, pp. 12-13
*Kayserling, "Immanuel Aboab", in Jeschurun, iv. 572 et seq., v. 643 et seq.; idem, Gesch. d. Juden in Port. pp. 271 et seq.

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