Pterygium refers to any winglike triangular membrane occurring in the neck, eyes, knees, elbows, ankles or digits.cite journal |author=Parikh SN, Crawford AH, Do TT, Roy DR |title=Popliteal pterygium syndrome: implications for orthopaedic management |journal=Journal of pediatric orthopaedics. Part B / European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America |volume=13 |issue=3 |pages=197–201 |year=2004 |pmid=15083121 |doi=]

The term comes from the Greek word "pterygion" meaning "wing".


* Popliteal pterygium syndrome, which affects the legs.

* Pterygium (conjunctiva)


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  • Pterygium — (Flügelfell), aus dem altgriechischen πτέρυξ / pteryx = Fluegel, bezeichnet in der Medizin eine erworbene oder angeborene Besonderheit, die sich durch die Bildung von flughautähnlichen Haut oder Schleimhautfalten an diversen Körperstellen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pterygium — Pte*ryg i*um, n.; pl. E. {Pterygiums}, L. {Pterygia}. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, properly a dim, akin to ? a feather.] (Med.) A superficial growth of vascular tissue radiating in a fanlike manner from the cornea over the surface of the eye. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pterygĭum — (v. gr.), 1) so v.w. Flügelfell; 2) so v.w. Nagelgeschwür; 3) Hautauswuchs aus den Nägeln der Finger u. Zehen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pterygĭum — (griech. lat.), das Augenfell (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pterygium — Pterygĭum (grch.), s.v.w. Flügelfell (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • pterygium — [tə rij′ē əm] n. pl. pterygiums or pterygia [tə rij′ēə] [ModL < Gr pterygion, dim. of pteryx, wing, akin to pteron, FEATHER] an abnormal, triangular mass of mucous membrane growing over the human cornea from the inner corner of the eye… …   English World dictionary

  • Pterygium — A winglike triangular membrane. Although a pterygium can be anywhere, including behind the knee, it commonly refers to a winglet of the conjunctiva. This pterygium may extend across the white of the eye toward the inner corner of the eye. It is… …   Medical dictionary

  • Pterygium — Pte|ry|gi|um 〈n.; s, gia〉 = Flügelfell [<grch. pteron „Flügel“] * * * Pterygium   [zu griechisch ptéryx, ptérygos »Feder«, »Flügel«] das, s/...gia,    1) Medizin: das Flügelfell.    2) Zoologie: Bezeichnung für flächige Strukturen bei Tieren,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pterygium — Pte|ry|gi|um das; s, ...ia <über gleichbed. (n)lat. pterygium aus gr. pterýgion, eigtl. »kleiner Flügel«, Verkleinerungsform von ptéryx, Gen. ptérygos »Feder; Flügel«>: 1. dreieckige Bindehautwucherung, die sich über die Hornhaut schiebt… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • pterygium — noun (plural pterygia; also iums) Etymology: New Latin, from Greek pterygion little wing, from pteryx Date: 1657 a fleshy mass of thickened conjunctiva that grows over part of the cornea usually from the inner side of the eyeball and causes a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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