1560s in England


1560s in England

Events from the 1560s in England.

Incumbents

Monarch - Elizabeth I of England

Events

* 1560
** 6 July - Treaty of Edinburgh between England, France and Scotland. The French withdraw from Scotland and recognise Elizabeth I of England.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell's Chronology of World History|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2005|isbn=0-304-35730-8|pages=223–226]
* 1561
** May - St. Paul's Cathedral in London is badly damaged by fire and the spire is destroyed after being struck by lightning. [cite book |title=The London Encyclopaedia|author=Ben Weinreb & Christopher Hibbert|publisher= Macmillan|year= 1995|isbn =0-333-57688-8|pages=287]
** Reform of coinage to combat debasement.
* 1562
** 18 January - First performance of Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville's play "Gorboduc" before Queen Elizabeth I. It is the first known English tragedy and the first English language play to employ blank verse. [cite web|url=http://www.innertemple.org.uk/archive/gorboduc.html|title=Gorboduc, or the Tragedy of Ferrex and Porrox|accessdate=2007-11-14]
** 20 September - Treaty of Hampton Court between Queen Elizabeth and Huguenot leader Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé.
** October - John Hawkins initiates the trans-Atlantic slave trade, shipping slaves from Sierra Leone to Hispaniola.
** 4 October - English troops occupy Le Havre in France in aid of the Huguenots.
** Church of England approves the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion, defining its doctrinal stance.
* 1563
** March - Poor Relief Act requires wealthier parishes to help their poorer neighbours.
** April - Parliament passes laws requiring Justices of the Peace to arbitrate trade disputes and conditions of apprenticeship.
** June to October - Outbreak of plague in London kills over 20,000.
** Publication of "Foxe's Book of Martyrs", John Foxe's account of Protestant persecution during the reign of Mary I of England.
* 1564
** Treaty of Troyes: England receives monetary compensation for renouncing its claims to Calais.
** Construction of the Exeter Canal begins; the first in England.
* 1565
** Thomas Gresham founds the Royal Exchange in London.
** Royal College of Physicians first licensed to carry out human dissection.
** John Hawkins brings the first tobacco to England.
* 1566
** Henry Sidney leads a punitive expedition to Ulster.
* 1567
** 2 January - Parliament dissolved as Queen Elizabeth refuses to name a successor.
** New Testament first published in Welsh.
* 1568
** 19 May - Mary I of Scotland flees from Scotland to England but is taken prisoner and put in Carlisle Castle.
** 26 September - Spain seizes English ships off the coast of Mexico, and confiscates their cargo.
** December - English seize bullion from Spanish ships at Plymouth.
** First recorded Eisteddfod, at Caerwys.
* 1569
** 11 January - the first known lottery in England is drawn outside St Paul's Cathedral. [cite web|url=http://www.thebookofdays.com/months/jan/11.htm|title="January 11th, Chambers' Book of Days|accessdate=2007-12-13]
** 20 January - Mary, Queen of Scots, detained at Tutbury Castle.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 153-156|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
** November–December - Rising of the North: Charles Neville, 6th Earl of Westmorland and Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland lead a rebellion against Queen Elizabeth I in an attempt to place the Catholic Mary I of Scotland on the English throne. Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex drives the Earls out of England.

Births

* 1560
** 3 January - John Bois, Bible translator (died 1643)
* 1561
** 22 January - Francis Bacon, philosopher, scientist, and statesman (died 1626)
** 24 August - Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk (died 1626)
** 27 October - Mary Sidney, writer, patroness and translator (died 1621)
** 9 December - Edwin Sandys, founder of the colony of Virginia (died 1629)
** John Harington, writer (died 1612)
** Samuel Harsnett, Archbishop of York (died 1631)
** Stephen Bachiler, non-conformist minister and pioneer settler of New England (died 1656)
* 1562
** 19 October - George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (died 1633)
** John Bull, composer (died 1628)
** Henry Constable, poet (died 1613)
** Samuel Daniel, poet and historian (died 1619)
** Francis Godwin, writer and prelate (died 1633)
** Richard Neile, churchman (died 1640)
** Penelope Blount, Countess of Devonshire (died 1607)
** Henry Spelman, antiquary (died 1641)
* 1563
** 5 March - John Coke, politician (died 1644)
** 1 June - Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, statesman and spymaster (died 1612)
** 19 November - Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, statesman (died 1626)
** 19 December - Lord William Howard (died 1640)
** Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devonshire (died 1606)
** John Dowland, composer (died 1626)
** Michael Drayton, poet (died 1631)
** Robert Naunton, politician and writer (died 1635)
** Joshua Sylvester, poet (died 1618)
* 1564
** 26 February (baptised) - Christopher Marlowe, poet and dramatist (died 1593)
** 26 April (baptised) - William Shakespeare, poet and dramatist (died 1616)
** 27 April - Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland (died 1632)
** 24 September - William Adams, navigator and samurai (died 1620)
** 22 November - Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, peer and traitor (died 1619)
** Henry Chettle, dramatist (died 1607)
** Thomas Morton, churchman (died 1659)
** Thomas Shirley, pirate (died 1620)
* 1565
** Edward Blount, printer (died 1632)
** Ferdinando Gorges, colonial entrepreneur (died 1647)
** George Kirbye, composer (died 1634)
** Francis Meres, churchman and author (died 1647)
** Francis Tanfield, Governor of the South Falkland colony (year of death unknown)
** Edmund Whitelocke, soldier and courtier (died 1608)
** Robert Wintour, conspirator (died 1606)
* 1566
** 19 June - King James I of England (died 1625)
** 1 September - Edward Alleyn, actor (died 1626)
** 10 November - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, politician (died 1601)
** 20 December - Edward Wightman, Baptist martyr (died 1612)
* 1567
** 12 February - Thomas Campion, poet and composer (died 1620)
** November - Thomas Nashe, poet (died 1600)
** William Alabaster, poet (died 1640)
** Edward Sutton, 5th Baron Dudley (died 1643)
** Thomas Lake, Secretary of State to King James I (died 1630)
* 1568
** Richard Baker, chronicler (died 1645)
** Barnabe Barnes, poet (died 1609)
** Edward Chichester, 1st Viscount Chichester (died 1648)
** Gervase Markham, poet and writer (died 1637)
** Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester (died 1628)
** Henry Wotton, author and diplomat (died 1639)
* 1569
** 16 April - John Davies, poet and lawyer (died 1626)
** September - Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath and Wells, one of the translators of the King James Bible (died 1626)
** Tobias Hume, composer (died 1645)
** William Monson, admiral (died 1643)
** John Suckling, politician (died 1627)

Deaths

* 1560
** 8 September - Amy Robsart, Enoblewoman (born 1536)
** John Sheppard, composer and organist (born 1515)
* 1561
** 1 September - Edward Waldegrave, policitian and recusant (born c. 1516)
* 1562
** Nicholas Grimald, poet and theologian (born 1519)
* 1563
** 9 June - William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, statesman (born 1506)
** 17 September - Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, soldier (born 1526)
** Elizabeth Seymour, noblewoman (born 1513)
* 1565
** 14 October - Thomas Chaloner, statesman and poet (born 1521)
** Katherine Champernowne, Governess of Elizabeth I (year of birth unknown)
* 1566
** Richard Edwards, poet (born 1523)
** Thomas Hoby, diplomat and translator (born 1530)
* 1567
** 26 January - Nicholas Wotton, diplomat (born c. 1497)
** 12 June - Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, Lord Chancellor (born 1490)
** Thomas Beccon, Protestant reformer (born 1511)
** Lawrence Sheriff, gentleman and grocer to Elizabeth I (born 1510)
* 1568
** 15 January - Catherine Carey, Chief Lady of the Bedchamber to Elizabeth I (born c. 1526)
** 20 January - Myles Coverdale, Bible translator (born c. 1488)
** 26 January - Lady Catherine Grey, Countess of Hertford (born 1539)
** 7 July - William Turner, ornithologist and botanist (born 1508)
** 23 August - Thomas Wharton, 1st Baron Wharton (born 1495)
** 23 December - Roger Ascham, tutor of Elizabeth I (born 1515)
** Henry Sutton Dudley, soldier and sailor (born 1517)
* 1569
** 5 September - Edmund Bonner, Bishop of London (born c. 1500)

References

ee also


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