Apparatus theory, derived in part from
Marxist film theory, semiotics, and psychoanalysis, was a dominant theory within cinema studies during the 1970s. It maintains that cinema is by nature ideologicalbecause its mechanics of representation are ideological. Its mechanics of representation include the cameraand editing. The central position of the spectator within the perspective of the composition is also ideological.
Apparatus theory also argues that cinema maintains the dominant ideology of the culture within the viewer. Ideology is not imposed on cinema, but is part of its nature.
Apparatus theory follows an institutional model of
"(this is an incomplete list)"
*"Narrative, Apparatus, Ideology: A Film Theory Reader", Columbia University Press 1986
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