Irish inventions and discoveries

Irish inventions and discoveries are objects, processes or techniques which owe their existence either partially or entirely to an Irish person. Often, things which are discovered for the first time, are also called "inventions", and in many cases, there is no clear line between the two. Below is a list of such inventions.

17th century

1661: Chemistry founded by Robert Boyle with the publication of "The Sceptical Chymist"
1662: Boyle's law discovered by Robert Boyle

18th century

19th century

*Column still by Aeneas Coffey
*1805: Beaufort scale by Sir Francis Beaufort
*1813: Clanny safety lamp by William Reid Clanny [http://www.minerslamps.net/homepage/safetylamphistory.htm Brief History of the Miner's Flame Safety Lamp] ]
*1829: Milk of Magnesia by James Murray
*1830's: Boolean algebra by George Boole
*1836: Induction coil by Nicholas Callan
*1843: Quaternion (a mathematical entity) described by Sir William Rowan Hamilton
*1844: Hollow needle in syringe by Francis Rynd
*1845: spiral galaxies by William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
*1851: binaural stethoscope by Arthur Leared
*1874: Electron by George Johnstone Stoney
*1874: Guided missile by Louis Brennan
*1884: Steam turbine by Charles Algernon Parsons
*1888: Gregg Shorthand by John Robert Gregg
*1897: first Army-commissioned submarine by John Philip Holland
*Radiotherapy by John Joly
*Kelvin scale by William Thomson

20th century

*Modern tractor by Harry Ferguson
*1945: Ejector seat by James Martin
*1954: Flavoured crisps by Joseph Murphy of Tayto
*1967: Portable defibrillator by Frank Pantridge. ["A Mobile Intensive-Care Unit in the Management of Myocardial Infarction." The Lancet, 1967.]
*1968: Pulsars discovered by Jocelyn Bell Burnellcite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-141-02715-0|year=2006]
*X-ray crystallography by John Desmond Bernal

ee also

*English inventions and discoveries
*Scottish inventions and discoveries
*Dutch inventions and discoveries


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