Plug-in hybrids in California
Californiais a main territory in the world promoting plug-in hybrids.
CalCars(also known as The California Cars Initiative) is a charitable, non-profit organization founded in 2002 to promote plug-in hybridelectric vehicles (PHEVs) as a key to addressing global warmingboth nationally and internationally. CalCars envisions millions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, charged by off-peak electricity from renewable energysources, and with their internal combustion engines powered by low-carbon alternative fuels, as a way to significantly reduce greenhouse gasesthat come from transportation.
In September 2004, the
California Cars Initiative(CalCars) converted a 2004 Toyota Prius into a prototype of what it called the PRIUS+. With the addition of nowrap|130 kg (nowrap|300 lb) of lead-acid batteries, the PRIUS+ achieved roughly double the fuel economy of a standard Prius and could make trips of up to convert|15|km|mi|0|abbr=on using only electric power. The vehicle, which is owned by CalCars technical lead Ron Gremban, is used in daily driving, as well as a test bed for various improvements to the system.cite web | title=How We Green-Tuned an '04 Prius into a PRIUS+ Plug-In Hybrid!| work=CalCars.com - The California Cars Initiative | url=http://www.priusplus.org | accessmonthday=January 11 | accessyear=2006]
PG&Eis converting a number of company-owned Toyota Prius to be V2GPHEVs at Google's campus.
Southern California Edison
Ford Motor CompanyCEO Alan Mulallysaid he expects Ford to sell plug-in hybrids in five to ten years, the launch date depending on advances in lithium-ion batterytechnology. Ford will provide Southern California Edisonwith 20 Ford Escape Hybridsport utility vehicles reconfigured to work as plug-ins by 2009, with the first by the end of 2007.Woodall, B. (July 10, 2007) [http://uk.reuters.com/article/motoringNews/idUKNOA02732820070710 "Ford sees plug-in hybrids in 5-10 years"] "Reuters" accessed 27 July 2007]
PHEV Research Center
The PHEV Research Center in the
University of California, Davis, administered by ITS-Davis, was launched in 2007 with fundings from the California Air Resources Boardand the California Energy Commission’s Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program.
Its goals are to provide technology and policy guidance to the state, and to help solve research questions and address commercialization issues for PHEVs.
Aptera Motors, the first several thousand Aptera Typ-1s produced will only to be sold in California
Project Better Place
* [http://phev.its.ucdavis.edu PHEV Research Center] .
* [http://www.calcars.org CalCars] .
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