Lakh


Lakh

A lakh (also written lac, and lackh in an Indian english language news source, India PR Wire, 8 Oct '08) is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to one hundred thousand (100,000; 105). It is widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Pakistan, and is often used in Indian English.

This system of measurement also introduces separators into numbers in a place that is different from that which is common in certain other number systems. For example, 30 lakh, which is to say 3 million, would be written as 30,00,000 instead of 3,000,000. In this system of counting, a hundred lakhs make a crore, which is ten million.

In India, one lakh is written as 1,00,000. In most other parts of the world, the comma appears every three positions, so a lakh would usually be written as 100,000 outside India.

In India, the first comma appears after three places, but after every two places thereafter.

Examples of the Indian comma system: 12,12,12,123 5,05,000 7,00,00,00,000.

The same examples in the Western system: 121,212,123 505,000 7,000,000,000

Etymology and regional variants

The lakh is known by various regional names in modern languages, all derived from the Sanskrit word लक्ष "unicode|lakṣa" "hundred thousand":

*Assamese: লাখ "lakh"
*Bengali: লাখ "lakh" or লক্ষ "lokkho"
*Gujarati: લાખ "lākh"
*Hindi लाख "lākh"
*Japanese: 洛叉 "rakusha"
*Kannada: ಲಕ್ಷ "unicode|lakṣa"
*Malayalam: ലക്ഷം "unicode|lakṣam"
*Mandarin: 洛叉 "luòchā"
*Marathi: लाख "lākh" or लक्ष "unicode|lakṣa"
*Nepali: लाख "lākh"
*Pashto: لک "lakh"
*Punjabi: ਲੱਖ "lākh"
*Swahili: laki or lakhi
*Tamil : இலட்சம் "unicode|laṭcham"
*Telugu: లక్ష "unicode|lakṣa"
*Urdu: لکھ "lakh" or "natasha"

ee also

* Crore (= 100 lakh)
* Names of numbers in English
* Names of large numbers


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