"Cashmere darn", a fine darning technique for twill fabric, from The Dictionary of Needlework, 1885.
"Swiss darning" to repair knits

Darning is a sewing technique for repairing holes or worn areas in fabric or knitting using needle and thread alone. It is often done by hand, but it is also possible to darn with a sewing machine. Hand darning employs the darning stitch, a simple running stitch in which the thread is "woven" in rows along the grain of the fabric, with the stitcher reversing direction at the end of each row, and then filling in the framework thus created, as if weaving. Darning is a traditional method for repairing fabric damage or holes that do not run along a seam, and where patching is impractical or would create discomfort for the wearer, such as on the heel of a sock.

Darning also refers to any of several needlework techniques that are worked using darning stitches:

  • Net darning, also called filet lace, is a 19th century technique using stitching on a mesh foundation fabric to imitate lace.
  • Needle weaving is a drawn thread work embroidery technique that involves darning patterns into barelaid warp or weft threads.


Darning cloth

In its simplest form, darning consists of anchoring the thread in the fabric on the edge of the hole and carrying it across the gap. It is then anchored on the other side, usually with a running stitch or two. If enough threads are criss-crossed over the hole, the hole will eventually be covered with a mass of thread.

Fine darning, sometimes known as Belgian darning, attempts to make the repair as invisible and neat as possible. Often the hole is cut into a square or darn blends into the fabric.

There are many varieties of fine darning. Simple over-and-under weaving of threads can be replaced by various fancy weaves, such as twills, chevrons, etc., achieved by skipping threads in regular patterns.

Invisible darning is the epitome of this attempt at restoring the fabric to its original integrity. Threads from the original weaving are unravelled from a hem or seam and used to effect the repair. Invisible darning is appropriate for extremely expensive fabrics and items of apparel.

In machine darning, lines of machine running stitch are run back and forth across the hole, then the fabric is rotated and more lines run at right angles. This is a fast way to darn, but it cannot match the effects of fine darning.

Darning tools

Darning egg, early 20th century

There are special tools for darning socks or stockings:

  • A darning egg is an egg-shaped ovoid of stone, porcelain, wood, or similar hard material, which is inserted into the toe or heel of the sock to hold it in the proper shape and provide a firm foundation for repairs. When the repairs are finished, the darning egg is removed. A shell of the tiger cowry Cypraea tigris, a popular ornament in Europe and elsewhere, was also sometimes used as a ready-made darning egg.
  • A darning mushroom is a mushroom-shaped tool usually made of wood. The sock is stretched over the curved top of the mushroom, and gathered tightly around the stalk to hold it in place for darning.
  • A darning gourd is a hollow dried gourd with a pronounced neck. The sock can be stretched over the full end of the gourd and held in place around the neck for darning.
  • A used light bulb can be used to hold a sock in place for darning.

Pattern darning

Pattern darning

Pattern darning is a simple and ancient embroidery technique in which contrasting thread is woven in-and-out of the ground fabric using rows of running stitches which reverse direction at the end of each row. The length of the stitches may be varied to produce geometric designs. Traditional embroidery using pattern darning is found in Africa, Japan, Northern and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Mexico and Peru [1].

Pattern darning is also used as a filling stitch in blackwork embroidery.


  • S.F.A. Caulfield and B.C. Saward, The Dictionary of Needlework, 1885.
  • Readers Digest Complete Guide to Needlework, 1979, ISBN 0-89577-059-8.
  • Reader's Digest Oxford Dictionary p.1001.CS.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • darning — [därn′iŋ] n. 1. a mending with interlaced stitches 2. things to be darned …   English World dictionary

  • Darning — Darn Darn (d[aum]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Darned} (d[aum]rnd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Darning}.] [OE. derne, prob. of Celtic origin; cf. W. darnio to piece, break in pieces, W. & Arm. to E. tear. Cf. {Tear}, v. t.] To mend as a rent or hole, with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • darning — noun Darning is used before these nouns: ↑needle …   Collocations dictionary

  • darning — darn [1] ► VERB ▪ mend (knitted material) by interweaving yarn across it. DERIVATIVES darning noun. ORIGIN perhaps from an Old English word meaning to hide …   English terms dictionary

  • darning — /dahr ning/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that darns. 2. the result produced. 3. articles darned or to be darned. [1605 15; DARN1 + ING1] * * * …   Universalium

  • darning — darn|ing [ darnıŋ ] noun uncount the activity of repairing a piece of clothing by sewing stitches across the hole, or clothing that is being repaired in this way …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • darning — darn·ing || dɑːnɪŋ n. articles that have been darned or need to be darned; act of mending with crisscrossing stitches dɑːn n. spot which has been darned, patch v. mend, stitch up torn or worn clothing; curse, damn adj. damn, cursed adv.… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • darning — noun (U) the practice of repairing holes in clothing by using wool …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • darning — UK [ˈdɑː(r)nɪŋ] / US [ˈdɑrnɪŋ] noun [uncountable] the activity of repairing a piece of clothing by sewing stitches across the hole, or clothing that is being repaired in this way …   English dictionary

  • darning — darn•ing [[t]ˈdɑr nɪŋ[/t]] n. clo articles to be darned • Etymology: 1605–15 …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.