- Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co. Ltd.
Infobox Court Case
name=Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd
High Court of Australia
31 August 1920
full_name=The Amalgamated Society of Engineers v The Adelaide Steamship Company Limited and Ors
citations=Cite Case AU|CLR|28|129|1920; Cite Case AU|HCA|54|1920
judges=Knox CJ, Isaacs, Higgins, Gavan Duffy, Rich, Starke JJ
opinions=(5:1) the States, when parties to an industrial dispute in fact, are subject to the Commonwealth legislation passed pursuant to s51(xxxv) of the Constitution. (per Isaacs J; Knox CJ, Rich & Starke agreeing; Higgins J concurring separately; Gavan Duffy J dissenting)
"Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd" (commonly known as the "Engineers' Case") was a landmark Australian court case decided in the
High Court of Australiaon August 31, 1920concerning the Commonwealth's power under s51(xxxv) of the Constitution.
The case came before the Full Court on a case stated under section 18 of the "Judiciary Act". The opinion of the Court was written by Isaacs J. He was joined by Knox CJ, Rich & Starke JJ.
HigginsJ wrote a separate opinion, but came to a similar conclusion. Gavan Duffy J dissented.
The Engineers' Case arose out of a claim lodged by a union of engineers in the Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration for an award relating to 843 employers across Australia. In Western Australia, the employers included three governmental employers. The question was whether a Commonwealth law made under the "conciliation and arbitration" power (section 51(xxxv)) could authorise the making of an award binding those three employers.
From a legal perspective, this case is widely regarded as one of the most important cases ever decided by the
High Court of Australia, for it swept away the earlier doctrines of implied intergovernmental immunitiesand reserved State powers, firmly establishing the modern basis for the legal understanding of federalismin Australia.
List of High Court of Australia cases
* [http://law.ato.gov.au/atolaw/view.htm?DocID=JUD%2F28CLR129%2F00004 Amalgamated Society of Engineers v. Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd.]
Australian Taxation Office, Legal Database
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