Troponin I type 3 (cardiac), also known as TNNI3, is a human gene.

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summary_text = Troponin I (TnI) is one of 3 subunits that form the troponin complex of the thin filaments of striated muscle; see also TNNI1 (MIM 191042). The others are troponin T (TnT; see MIM 191041) and troponin C (TnC; see MIM 191040). [supplied by OMIM] cite web | title = Entrez Gene: TNNI3 troponin I type 3 (cardiac)| url =| accessdate = ]


Further reading

citations =
*cite journal | author=Ni CY |title=Cardiac troponin I: a biomarker for detection and risk stratification of minor myocardial damage. |journal=Clin. Lab. |volume=47 |issue= 9-10 |pages= 483–92 |year= 2002 |pmid= 11596911 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Hunkeler NM, Kullman J, Murphy AM |title=Troponin I isoform expression in human heart. |journal=Circ. Res. |volume=69 |issue= 5 |pages= 1409–14 |year= 1991 |pmid= 1934363 |doi=
*cite journal | author=MacGeoch C, Barton PJ, Vallins WJ, "et al." |title=The human cardiac troponin I locus: assignment to chromosome 19p13.2-19q13.2. |journal=Hum. Genet. |volume=88 |issue= 1 |pages= 101–4 |year= 1992 |pmid= 1959915 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Vallins WJ, Brand NJ, Dabhade N, "et al." |title=Molecular cloning of human cardiac troponin I using polymerase chain reaction. |journal=FEBS Lett. |volume=270 |issue= 1-2 |pages= 57–61 |year= 1990 |pmid= 2226790 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Mittmann K, Jaquet K, Heilmeyer LM |title=A common motif of two adjacent phosphoserines in bovine, rabbit and human cardiac troponin I. |journal=FEBS Lett. |volume=273 |issue= 1-2 |pages= 41–5 |year= 1990 |pmid= 2226863 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Noland TA, Raynor RL, Kuo JF |title=Identification of sites phosphorylated in bovine cardiac troponin I and troponin T by protein kinase C and comparative substrate activity of synthetic peptides containing the phosphorylation sites. |journal=J. Biol. Chem. |volume=264 |issue= 34 |pages= 20778–85 |year= 1990 |pmid= 2584239 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Maruyama K, Sugano S |title=Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides. |journal=Gene |volume=138 |issue= 1-2 |pages= 171–4 |year= 1994 |pmid= 8125298 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Armour KL, Harris WJ, Tempest PR |title=Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the cDNA encoding human cardiac troponin I. |journal=Gene |volume=131 |issue= 2 |pages= 287–92 |year= 1993 |pmid= 8406024 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Bhavsar PK, Brand NJ, Yacoub MH, Barton PJ |title=Isolation and characterization of the human cardiac troponin I gene (TNNI3). |journal=Genomics |volume=35 |issue= 1 |pages= 11–23 |year= 1996 |pmid= 8661099 |doi= 10.1006/geno.1996.0317
*cite journal | author=Jideama NM, Noland TA, Raynor RL, "et al." |title=Phosphorylation specificities of protein kinase C isozymes for bovine cardiac troponin I and troponin T and sites within these proteins and regulation of myofilament properties. |journal=J. Biol. Chem. |volume=271 |issue= 38 |pages= 23277–83 |year= 1996 |pmid= 8798526 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Takeda S, Kobayashi T, Taniguchi H, "et al." |title=Structural and functional domains of the troponin complex revealed by limited digestion. |journal=Eur. J. Biochem. |volume=246 |issue= 3 |pages= 611–7 |year= 1997 |pmid= 9219516 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Kimura A, Harada H, Park JE, "et al." |title=Mutations in the cardiac troponin I gene associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. |journal=Nat. Genet. |volume=16 |issue= 4 |pages= 379–82 |year= 1997 |pmid= 9241277 |doi= 10.1038/ng0897-379
*cite journal | author=Keane NE, Quirk PG, Gao Y, "et al." |title=The ordered phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase--structural consequences and functional implications. |journal=Eur. J. Biochem. |volume=248 |issue= 2 |pages= 329–37 |year= 1997 |pmid= 9346285 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K, "et al." |title=Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library. |journal=Gene |volume=200 |issue= 1-2 |pages= 149–56 |year= 1997 |pmid= 9373149 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Vassylyev DG, Takeda S, Wakatsuki S, "et al." |title=Crystal structure of troponin C in complex with troponin I fragment at 2.3-A resolution. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=95 |issue= 9 |pages= 4847–52 |year= 1998 |pmid= 9560191 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Mogensen J, Kruse TA, Børglum AD |title=Assignment of the human cardiac troponin I gene (TNNI3) to chromosome 19q13.4 by radiation hybrid mapping. |journal=Cytogenet. Cell Genet. |volume=79 |issue= 3-4 |pages= 272–3 |year= 1998 |pmid= 9605869 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Barton PJ, Cullen ME, Townsend PJ, "et al." |title=Close physical linkage of human troponin genes: organization, sequence, and expression of the locus encoding cardiac troponin I and slow skeletal troponin T. |journal=Genomics |volume=57 |issue= 1 |pages= 102–9 |year= 1999 |pmid= 10191089 |doi= 10.1006/geno.1998.5702
*cite journal | author=Li MX, Spyracopoulos L, Sykes BD |title=Binding of cardiac troponin-I147-163 induces a structural opening in human cardiac troponin-C. |journal=Biochemistry |volume=38 |issue= 26 |pages= 8289–98 |year= 1999 |pmid= 10387074 |doi= 10.1021/bi9901679
*cite journal | author=Redwood C, Lohmann K, Bing W, "et al." |title=Investigation of a truncated cardiac troponin T that causes familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Ca(2+) regulatory properties of reconstituted thin filaments depend on the ratio of mutant to wild-type protein. |journal=Circ. Res. |volume=86 |issue= 11 |pages= 1146–52 |year= 2000 |pmid= 10850966 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Ward DG, Ashton PR, Trayer HR, Trayer IP |title=Additional PKA phosphorylation sites in human cardiac troponin I. |journal=Eur. J. Biochem. |volume=268 |issue= 1 |pages= 179–85 |year= 2001 |pmid= 11121119 |doi=

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