Pterocarpus indicus

Pterocarpus indicus
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Dalbergieae
Genus: Pterocarpus
Species: P. indicus
Binomial name
Pterocarpus indicus
Willd.

Pterocarpus indicus (Pashu Padauk, Malay Paduak, New Guinea Rosewood, or, ambiguously, "Narra" which can refer to several Pterocarpus species) is a species of Pterocarpus native to southeastern Asia, northern Australasia, and the western Pacific Ocean islands, in Cambodia, southernmost China, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, the Ryukyu Islands, the Solomon Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.[1] Other names include Narra (Philippines), Sonokembang (Indonesia), Angsana or Sena (Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore), Tnug (Cambodia).

Contents

Description

It is a large deciduous tree growing to 30–40 m tall, with a trunk up to 2 m diameter. The leaves are 12–22 cm long, pinnate, with 5–11 leaflets, the girth is 12-34 m wide. The flowers are produced in panicles 6–13 cm long containing a few to numerous flowers; flowering is from February to May in the Philippines, Borneo and the Malay peninsula. They are slightly fragrant and have yellow or orange-yellow petals. The fruit is a semiorbicular pod 2–3 cm diameter, surrounded by a flat 4–6 cm diameter membranaceous wing which aids dispersal by the water. It contains one or two seeds, and does not split open at maturity; it ripens within 4–6 years, and becomes purple when dry. The central part of the pod can be smooth (f. indica), bristly (f. echinatus (Pers.) Rojo) or intermediate.[2][3]

Most Pterocarpus species prefer seasonal weather but P. indicus prefer rainforests.

Note: Pterocarpus macrocarpus, a similar species native to Burma, is referred to as "Rosewood" throughout South East Asia. P. macrocarpus, is usually harder than P. indicus. When in burl form both are referred to as Amboyna Burl.

Uses

The hardwood, which is purplish, is termite resistant and rose-scented. The wood known in Indonesia as amboyna is the burl of the tree, named after Ambon, where much of this material was originally found. Often amboyna is finely sliced to produce an extremely decorative veneer, used for decoration and in making of furniture and keys on a marimba. The flower is used as a honey source while leaf infusions are used as shampoos. Both flowers and leaves were said to be eaten.The leaves are supposedly good for waxing and polishing brass and copper. The tree is recommended as an ornamental tree for avenues and is sometimes planted in Puerto Rico as a shade and ornament. It is also a source of kino or resin. In folk medicine, it is used to combat tumors. This property might be due to an acidic polypeptide found in its leaves that inhibited growth of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells by disruption of cell and nuclear membranes. It is also known as a diuretic in Europe during the 16th and 18th centuries. Its reputation may be due to its wood infusions, which are fluorescent. It is widely planted as a roadside, park, and car-park tree. The tall, dome-shaped crown, with long, drooping branches is very attractive and the flowers are spectacular in areas with a dry season. It is very easily propagated from seed or large stem cuttings, but suffers from disease problems.

Symbolism

It is the national tree of the Philippines, as well as the provincial tree of Chonburi and Phuket in Thailand.

References

  1. ^ International Legume Database & Information Service: Pterocarpus indicus
  2. ^ Danida Seed Leaflet: Pterocarpus indicus (pdf file)
  3. ^ Purdue University New Crops: Pterocarpus indicus
  • World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). Pterocarpus indicus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Listed as Vulnerable (VU A1d v2.3)
  • PIER species info: Pterocarpus indicus

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pterocarpus indicus — Pterocarpus indicus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pterocarpus indicus — Pterocarpus indicus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pterocarpus indicus — indinis koralmedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos dažinis, medieninis, rauginis, vaistinis augalas (Pterocarpus indicus), paplitęs pietryčių Azijoje ir Ramiojo vandenyno salose. atitikmenys: lot. Pterocarpus indicus angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Pterocarpus Indicus — Amboyna wood Am*boy na wood A beautiful mottled and curled wood, used in cabinetwork. It is obtained from the {Pterocarpus Indicus} of Amboyna, Borneo, etc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pterocarpus indicus — ID 68948 Symbol Key PTIN2 Common Name pterocarpus Family Fabaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution PR Growth Habit Tree Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Pterocarpus indicus — noun tree native to southeastern Asia having reddish wood with a mottled or striped black grain • Syn: ↑padauk, ↑padouk, ↑amboyna • Hypernyms: ↑tree • Member Holonyms: ↑Pterocarpus, ↑genus Pterocarpus …   Useful english dictionary

  • PTEROCARPUS INDICUS WILLD. - ПТЕРОКАРПУС ИНДИЙСКИЙ, САНДАЛ ИНДИЙСКИЙ — см. 461. Дерево. P. indicus Willd. П. индийский, Сандал индийский Sp. pl. ed IV (1800) 904. Burkill (1935) 1829. М е с т н. н а з в. Малайск. angsana, sena. Р а с п р. Индия, Кит., Бирма, Малакка, Индонезия, Филипп. К у л ь т. Индия Индокит. Х о… …   Справочник растений

  • Pterocarpus indicus Willd. — Symbol PTIN2 Common Name pterocarpus Botanical Family Fabaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Pterocarpus — indicus Systematik Eurosiden I Ordnung: Schmetterlingsblütenartige (Fabales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pterocarpus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Pterocarpus P. indicus …   Wikipedia Español


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