Tropaeum Traiani

The Tropaeum Traiani is a monument in Adamclisi, Romania, built in 109 in then Moesia Inferior, to commemorate Roman Emperor's Trajan victory over the Dacians, in 102, in the Battle of Tapae. The monument was erected on the place where legio XXI Rapax had previously been crushed (92 AD). Before Trajan's construction, an altar existed there, on the walls of which were inscribed the names of 3000 legionaries and auxilia (servicemen) who had died "fighting for the Republic". Trajan's monument was inspired by the Augustus mausoleum, and got dedicated to the god Mars Ultor in 107/108 AD.On the monument there were 54 metopes depicting Roman legions against enemies; most of them are preserved in the museum nearby. The monument was supposed to be a warning to the tribes outside this newly conquered province. [F.B Florescu Das Siegesdenksmal von Adamclisi: Tropaeum Traiani (1965) ] The original monument has long since disintegrated. The present edifice is a reconstruction dating from 1977. The nearby museum contains many archaeological objects, including parts of the original Roman monument. Of the original 54 metopes, 48 are in the museum and 1 is in Istanbul.

Trophy

The monument was decorated with a large inscription dedicated to Mars the Ultor (the revenger). The inscription has been preserved fragmentarily from two sides of the trophy hexagone, so it could be reconstructed as follows [http://cimec.ro/Arheologie/tropaeum/introen/body.html] :

MARTI ULTOR [I] IM [P(erator)CAES] AR DIVI NERVA [E] F(ILIUS) N [E] RVA TRA] IANUS [AUG(USTUS) GERM(ANICUS)] DAC] I [CU] S PONT(IFEX) MAX(IMUS) TRIB(UNICIA) POTEST(ATE) XIII IMP(ERATOR) VI CO(N)S(UL) V P(ater) P(atriae) ?VICTO EXERC] ITU D [ACORUM] ?---- ET SARMATA] RUM ---------------------] E 31.

The inscription from the main monument can be translated in this way [http://groups.msn.com/legioXI/general.msnw?action=get_message&mview=0&ID_Message=68] :

"To Mars, the god of war, Caesar the emperor, son of divine Nerva, NervaTrajan, Augustus, who defeated the Germans, the Dacians, great priest, forthe 13th time tribune of the plebeians, proclaimed emperor by the army forthe 6th time, elected consul for the 5th time, father of our homeland,after defeating the Dacian and the Sarmatian armies."

Metopes

Roman General Tomb

Legionares Memorial

[http://cimec.ro/Arheologie/tropaeum/introen/body.html]

Metopes Gallery

1977 Reconstruction

The monument was restored based on a hypothetical reconstruction in 1977.

Archeological research

The monument was researched by Grigore Tocilescu, O. Benford and G. Niemann, between 1882 - 1895 [Cimec http://www.cimec.ro/scripts/muzee/id.asp?k=246] , George Murnu in 1909, Vasile Parvan stop the researches in 1911, Paul Nicorescu has studied the site between 1935-1945, Gheorghe Stefan and Ioan Barnea in 1945. From 1968 the site is researched under Romanian Academy supervision.

Tropaeum Traiani the city

The name of the site was given after the monument, the anicent name of the city is unknown.

Notes

External links

http://www.cjc.ro/engleza/adamen~1.htm


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tropaeum Traiani — Das römische Siegesdenkmal von Adamklissi oder Tropaeum Traiani liegt in der Dobrudscha im heutigen Rumänien, nahe einem antiken Ort, der wie das Monument Tropaeum Traiani hieß (später Adamklissi). Das Tropaeum Traiani wurde, wie aus der zum Bau… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tropaeum — Der altgriechische Begriff Tropaion (Plural: Tropaia) wurde von den Wörtern trépein („wenden; fliehen“) und tropé („Wende; Flucht“) abgeleitet und bezeichnete ursprünglich ein Symbol, das an genau der Stelle aufgestellt wurde, an der die Feinde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dacian warfare — Tropaeum Traiani depicting a soldier armed with a falx The history of Dacian warfare spans from c. 10th century BC up to the 2nd century AD in the region defined by Ancient Greek and Latin historians as Dacia. It concerns the armed conflicts of… …   Wikipedia

  • Falx — For other uses, see Falx (disambiguation). The Roman monument commemorating the Battle of Adamclisi clearly shows Dacian warriors wielding a two handed falx. Falx is a Latin word originally meaning sickle, but was later used to mean any of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Adamklissi — Adamclisi Adamklissi Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adamclisi — Adamklissi Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tropaion — A tropaion (Latin tropaeum , whence English trophy ) is an ancient Greek and later Roman monument set up to commemorate a victory over one s foes. Typically this takes the shape of a tree (or, in later times, a pair of stakes set crosswise) upon… …   Wikipedia

  • Trajan — mit Bürgerkrone und Schwertband sowie Ägis mit Medusenhaupt und Schlangen als Symbol des göttlichen Herrschaftsanspruchs (Münchner Glyptothek) Marcus Ulpius Traianus (* 18. September 53 vielleicht in Italica …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trofeo de Adamclisi — Trofeo de Adamclisi. El trofeo de Adamclisi es un monumento conmemorativo erigido por Trajano en el año 109, en la Dobruja meridional, para conmemorar su victoria sobre los dacios en la batalla de Tapae. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Траян — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Траян (значения). Не следует путать с Троян. Марк Ульпий Нерва Траян лат. Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.