- King Abdulaziz International Airport
King Abdulaziz International Airport
مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي
Hajj Terminal IATA: JED – ICAO: OEJN Summary Airport type Military/Public Operator General Authority of Civil Aviation Serves Jeddah Location Al Madinah Al Munawwarah Road Hub for Saudi Arabian Airlines Elevation AMSL 48 ft / 15 m Coordinates Coordinates: Website Runways Direction Length Surface ft m 16L/34R 13,124 4,000 Asphalt 16C/34C 10,825 3,299 Concrete 16R/34L 12,467 3,800 Asphalt Statistics (2010) Passengers 17,891,364
King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) (Arabic: مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي) (IATA: JED , ICAO: OEJN) is an aviation facility located 19 km to the north of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Named after King Abdulaziz Al Saud, the airport is Saudi Arabia's third largest air facility and busiest airport by passenger. The airport occupies an area of 15 square kilometers. Beside the airport proper, this includes a royal terminal, facilities of the Royal Saudi Air Force, and housing facilities for the airport staff.
Construction work on KAIA airport began in 1974, and was finalized in 1980. Finally, on May 31, 1981, the airport opened for service after having been officially inaugurated in April 1981.
Because of Jeddah's closeness to Islam's holy city of Mecca/Makkah, the airport stands for one feature in particular: the Hajj Terminal specially built to handle foreign pilgrims destined for Makkah to take part in the rituals associated with the annual Hajj. Many airlines from Muslim and non-Muslim countries have used the Hajj Terminal, providing the capacity needed to carry pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. It was designed by Fazlur Rahman Khan of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP (SOM) and engineered by Horst Berger while at Geiger Berger Associates.
The North Terminal at Jeddah airport is used by all foreign airlines. The South Terminal was reserved for the exclusive use of Saudi Arabian Airlines until 2007, when the privately owned Saudi carriers Nas Air and Sama Airlines were also given permission to use it. Jeddah-KAIA airport serves as a major hub for Saudi Arabian Airlines.
The Jeddah airport Hajj Terminal is estimated to be, at five million square feet (465,000 m²), among the world's largest air terminals after Beijing Capital International Airport, Dubai International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport. It covers over 100 acres (405,000 m²) and is known for its tent-shaped roof. Terminal 3's roof is not actually a tent, but a white colored fiberglass. The Hajj Terminal offers pilgrims many facilities, including a mosque, and can accommodate 80,000 travelers at the same time.
New King Abdulaziz International Airport Project
The new development is taking place in three stages starting in September 2006, and currently scheduled for completion in 2014.  Three new terminal buildings, a high-speed rail link and a capacity for up to 80 million passengers a year are among the targets proposed for a new airport. The project is designed to increase the airport’s capacity initially from 13 million passengers by 30 million passengers each year. The expansion includes airfield hard standing and paved areas, lighting, fuel network systems and storm water drainage network. There will also be a newly constructed support services building, renovation of the existing South and North Terminals and upgrades to the existing runway and airfield systems to accommodate the Airbus A380. The three stages, according to GACA – the General Authority of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia, will be marked by staged capacity increase to 30mn / 60mn and 80mn passengers per year. Based on current traffic increases, the existing South Terminal will need to serve about 21 million passengers per year over the next 20 years to meet growing demand. The project has reached the final stages of planning and design, and King Abdullah, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques has approved a budget of SR4 billion to build the futuristic new airport to international standards.
Abdullah Al-Rehaimy, president of the General Authority of Civil Aviation, has said that the project will be built by local companies.
The three new crescent-shaped passenger halls will be located to the south of the current international terminal which will be undergoing renovation at the same time. Talal Saaty, speaking at a presentation of the project to Jeddah Governor Prince Mishaal ibn Majed, said that work on the improvements could start as early as this coming September. Operational capacity for the airport, he said, would increase, and denied that upgrading work would hamper traffic throughput. Work on renewing and upgrading the facilities, he said, would be timed to avoid peak traffic flow. Access to the new terminals is still in the planning and purchasing stage. An extension of Prince Majed Street will make access direct and easy; the municipality is currently investigating the location of land needed for the proposed extension and is addressing the problem of the compulsory purchase of property and compensation.
Southward, Prince Majed Street will connect to the Al-Laith Highway, forming a fast north-south transit route. As well as much improved road access, plans have been made for a high-speed rail link serving the airport. Starting at Prince Majed Street, the link will run into the airport and hook up with terminals.
Airlines and destinations
Airlines Destinations Terminal Air Algérie Algiers, Constantine North Air Arabia Sharjah North Air France Djibouti, Paris-Charles de Gaulle South Air India Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kozhikode,Mumbai North AlMasria Universal Airlines Alexandria-Borg el Arab North Ariana Afghan Airlines Dubai, Kabul North Bahrain Air Bahrain North Batavia Air Seasonal: Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta North Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet North BMI London-Heathrow 1
North British Airways London-Heathrow North Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2 North China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital 3 North Daallo Airlines Hargeisa, Djibouti, Mogadishu North EgyptAir Alexandria-El Nouzha, Cairo North EgyptAir Express Seasonal: Sharm el-Sheikh North Emirates Dubai North Eritrean Airlines Asmara North Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa North Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi North Flydubai Dubai North Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Seasonal:Banda Aceh [Hajj pilgrimage season]
North GMG Airlines Dhaka North Gulf Air Bahrain North Iran Air Seasonal: Isfahan North Jazeera Airways Kuwait North Jet Airways Mumbai North Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester [when Hajj season] North Jubba Airways Djibouti, Hargeisa, Mogadishu North Kabo Air Abuja, Kano North Kenya Airways Nairobi [resumes 1 November] North Kuwait Airways Kuwait North Libyan Airlines Tripoli [suspended until further notice due to Libyan civil war] North Lion Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta North Lufthansa Frankfurt 4, Munich 5 North Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini North Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur North Middle East Airlines Beirut North Nas Air Abu Dhabi, Adana, Aleppo, Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Amman-Queen Alia, Antakya-Hatay, Assiut, Beirut, Damascus, Dammam, Dubai, Islamabad, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Karachi, Khartoum, Kozhikode, Kuwait, Lahore, Latakia, Riyadh, Sharjah
Seasonal: Sharm el-Sheikh
South Nasair Asmara North Nile Air Cairo North Oman Air Muscat North Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Sialkot North Qatar Airways Doha North RAK Airways Ras al Khaimah North Royal Air Maroc Casablanca North Royal Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan North Royal Falcon Amman-Marka North Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia North Saudi Arabian Airlines Abha, Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Alahsa, Al Baha, Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Amman-Queen Alia, Ankara, Arar, Bahrain, Bangalore, Beirut, Bisha, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, Colombo, Damascus, Dammam, Dawadmi, Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai, Frankfurt, Gassim, Geneva, Guangzhou, Gurayat, Hafar Al-Batin, Hail, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jizan, Jouf, Calicut, Kano, Karachi, Kochi, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lahore,Lucknow, London-Heathrow, Manila, Medina, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Mumbai, Muscat, Najran, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Peshawar, Qaisumah, Rafha, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Sana'a, Sharjah, Sharurah, Singapore, Surabaya, Tabuk, Taif, Tehran-Imam Khoemeini, Tunis, Turaif, Wadi ad-Dawasir, Washington-Dulles, Wedjh, Yanbu
Seasonal: Isfahan, Salalah, Sharm el-Sheikh
South Singapore Airlines Singapore 6 North Sri Lankan Airlines Colombo North Somon Air Dushanbe 7 North Sudan Airways Khartoum North Syrian Air Aleppo, Damascus North Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk North Tunisair Tunis North Toumai Air Tchad N'djamena 8 North Yemenia Aden, Sana'a North
^1 bmi service LHR to JED is routed via Riyadh, however they do not have rights to transport passengers between Riyadh and Jeddah.
^2 Cathay Pacific service HKG to JED is routed via Dubai and Abu Dhabi, however they do not have rights to transport passengers between Dubai/Abu Dhabi and Jeddah. .
^3 China Southern service PEK to JED is routed via Dubai, however they do not have rights to transport passengers between Dubai and Jeddah. .
^4 Lufthansa service FRA to JED continues onto Asmara and Khartoum, however they do not have rights to transport passengers between Jeddah and Asmara or Khartoum.
^5 Lufthansa service MUC to JED is routed via Riyadh, however they do not have rights to transport passengers between Riyadh and Jeddah.
^6 Singapore Airlines service SIN to JED is routed via Abu Dhabi, however they do not have rights to transport passengers between Abu Dhabi and Jeddah.
^7 Somon Air service DYU to JED is routed via Dubai, however they do not have rights to transport passengers between Dubai and Jeddah.
^8 Toumai Air Tchad service NDJ to JED continues onto Dubai, however they do not have rights to transport passengers between Jeddah and Dubai.
Airlines Destinations Air France Cargo Dammam, Hong Kong, Paris-Charles de Gaulle Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa  Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt Saudi Arabian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Amman, Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Dammam, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Houston, Johannesburg, Khartoum, Lagos, Milan-Malpensa, Mumbai, Nairobi, N'Djamena, New York-JFK, Riyadh, Sana'a, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharjah, Thiruvananthapuram  Sudan Airways Khartoum
Over 17 million passengers use Jeddah-KAIA airport every year.
Statistics for King Abdulaziz International Airport Year Total Passengers Total Aircraft Movements Total Cargo (tonnes) 1998 9,716,000 85,613 1999 10,149,000 88,701 2000 10,465,000 88,531 2001 10,237,000 86,438 2002 10,849,000 86,453 2003 11,248,000 88,433 2004 12,257,000 93,685 2005 13,239,000 98,986 2006 13,265,000 107,740 2007 14,356,000 122,266 2008 17,644,000 138,599 2009 17,757,000 142,505 2010 17,891,364 146,365 231,730
Incidents and accidents
- On 25 September 1959, a Saudi Arabian Airlines reg HZ-AAF Douglas DC-4/C-54A-5-DO crashed shortly after take-off from Jeddah. The cause of the accident was pilot error followed by a stall. All 67 passengers and 5 crew survived.
- On 11 July 1991, Nationair Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8-61 suffered cabin pressure problems followed by a fire due to a failed landing gear. The pilots tried to return to the airport but failed to reach the airport as the plane crashed killing all 247 passengers and 14 crew.
- On 1 March 2004, PIA Flight 2002, an Airbus A300B4-200 burst 2 tires whilst taking off from King Abdulaziz International Airport. Fragments of the tire were ingested by the engines, this caused the engines to catch fire and an aborted takeoff was performed. Due to the fire substantial damage to the engine and the left wing caused the aircraft to be written off. All 261 passengers and 12 crew survived.
- ^ a b About KAIA on the GACA website
- ^ "The Master Plan". jed. http://www.jed-airport.com/en/projects_masterplan.php. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- ^ ET cargo schedule
- ^ SV cargo schedule winter 2010
- ^ "Saudi Arabian Airlines DC-5 accident". Aviation-safety.net. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19590925-0. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- ^ "Nationair Flight 2120 accident". Aviation-safety.net. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19910711-0. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- ^ "PIA Flight 2002 accident". Aviation-safety.net. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20040301-0. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- King Abdulaziz International Airport new website
- King Abdulaziz International Airport
- Arrivals and Departures
- Information on the GACA website for the King Abdulaziz Int. Airport Development Project (KADP)
- Airport information for OEJN at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for OEJN at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Current weather for OEJN at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for JED at Aviation Safety Network
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