Porto-Vecchio


Porto-Vecchio

French commune
nomcommune=Porto-Vecchio
native_name= Porti Vechju, Purtivichjacciu
image_coat_of_arms =
image_coat_of_arms_size = 85px
flag_

Coat_of_arms_



caption= The harbor
région=Corse
département=Corse-du-Sud
arrondissement=Sartène
canton=Porto-Vecchio
insee=2A247
cp=20137
maire=Georges Mela
mandat=
intercomm=
longitude=9.28028
latitude=41.59167
alt moy=40 m
alt mini=0
alt maxi=1316 m
hectares=16,865
km²=168.65
sans=10,326
date-sans=1999
dens=61
date-dens=1999

Porto-Vecchio ("Porti Vechju" in Corsu) is a commune in the Corse-du-Sud department of France on the island of Corsica. It is the chief commune of the canton of Porto-Vecchio, which it shares with Sari-Solenzara, Conca and Lecci. Port-Vecchio is a medium-sized port city placed on a good harbor, the southernmost of the marshy and alluvial east side of Corsica. The people are called Porto-Vecchiais.

Geography

The canton of Porto-Vecchio has a population of about 12,900 living in four communes making up a total of convert|34787|ha. It is divided in two by the commune of Zonza, which holds a section of the coast around the Gulf of Pinarellu. Porto-Vecchio has two communes to the north, Sari-Solenzara and Conca, and two to the south, Porto-Vecchio and Lecci.cite web|title=France, le trésor des régions: Département: Corse-du-Sud|url=http://tresordesregions.mgm.fr/Mdir.php?p=cant.php&region=94&cl=|format=html|accessdate=2008-05-06 fr icon.]

The commune of Porto-Vecchio is convert|64|km|sp=us east of Sartène. The north shore of the gulf has many resorts, such as Poretta, Fiori Marina, and others of the commune of Lecci. The east coast, a shore with cliffs, is less habitable; beyond Chiappa Point (a naturist site) the coast goes southwest to the border of Bonifacio commune.

Off the southeast shore are the four îles Cerbicale (seldom shown on the map but visible from satellite photographs), protected by a nature reserve of convert|36|ha, which are part of the larger reserve of Bouches de Bonifacio ("Straits of Bonifacio"; see under Bonifacio). From north to south are: Forana; Maestro Maria, the smallest; Piana, the largest, which ascends to convert|36|m|sp=us and Pietrocaggiosa a little more distant.

Hills to the northwest are included in the national park; the village of Ospedale there probably takes its name and origin from a large ancient hospital of the Roman era. It never lost that function but continues as a health center employing about 150 people. Nearby is a reservoir, the Lac de l'Ospedale, created with a dam at the foot of punta di Corbu in the forest of Ospedale. These hills culminate at the convert|1314|m|sp=us "peak of the dead cow" (punta di a Vacca Morta).

Ecology

The heights of Ospedale (or Spedale in earlier literature) are noted for their forest of Corsican Pine. Between them and the coast extends a plain drained by the Stabacciu, which flows into the end of the Gulf of Porto through salt marshes, where Cork Oak and Eucalyptus grow. These marshes were a barrier between the Roman settlements along the Via Corsicana of the eastern plain and the Roman ports of the south. Some marshland was filled to make the modern city and commercial salt pans were constructed on other parts (from which the commercialized slogan "city of salt"); the rest remains. Crossed by Highway N198 south, it is no longer a barrier.

Facilities

Porto-Vecchio is easily accessed through Figari Airport, which is convert|24|km|sp=us away. It has a public high school and two community colleges, a private hospital of 107 beds, a medical school, a cork industry and extensive tourist facilities. The port includes moorings for 450 small craft, commercial facilities and a ferry station. The population expands to 50,000 in the summer, predominantly Italian. The beaches are well-populated, especially Palombaggia Beach convert|3|km|0|sp=us to the southeast. In 1983 it acquired a Film Institute, which organizes an annual film festival.

Politics

List of recent mayors:
* Since March 2004 Georges Mela
* 1997–2004 Camille de Rocca Serra (UMP)
* –1997 Jean-Paul de Rocca Serra (RPR)

Prehistory

To the north of the commune is to be found the prehistoric site of Torré, which has given its name to the Torréen Culture. Dated to the Corsican Bronze Age, it features circular or semi-circular (abutting) citadels of stone.

In the direction of Figari, the hamlet of Ceccia also has prehistoric remains, and not far away is another Torréen site, Castellu de Tappa. Castellu d'Araghju is at convert|45|m|sp=us, just above the village of Araggio. It has a circuit wall convert|2|m|0|sp=us thick and convert|4|m|0|sp=us high.

History

Porto-Vecchio is placed in a region that in earlier times was marshy and suffered greatly from malaria; however, the anchorage for a port is excellent. The name means "Old Port", which may refer to the Roman port that left traces in the vicinity. Subsequently the region was more or less abandoned because of the malarial marshes but became part of a large Christian parish. The city was refounded in 1539 by the Bank of Saint George at Genoa on a convert|70|m|sp=us hill overlooking the gulf. They already had a presence in Bastia. [cite book|pages=pages 281-282|title=The Rough Guide to Corsica|first=David|last=Abram|coauthors=Geoffrey Young; Theo Taylor; Nia Williams|id=ISBN 1843530473|publisher=Rough Guides|date=2003|location=London]

The Genoese were careful to preserve the Roman port within the walls, which are trapezoidal and enclose the main square, place de la République, near the church, Église St.-Jean Baptiste. The Genoese intended a colonia, or replacement of the population, but malaria soon assassinated most of the Genoese settlers. Another colony in 1546 suffered the same fate and subsequently the colony became a conurbation instead.

Sempiero Corso occupied the city for a few months in 1564.

Some of the population began to return with the drainage projects instituted under the Second Empire but they were minimally successful. World War II brought the presence of allies who were determined to eradicate malaria for the health of all concerned, but especially the soldiers and airmen. Through drainage, filling and spraying they succeeded, making the region newly attractive because less pestilential. The current population derives from an expansion that started about 1950.

Gallery

Notes

External links

* fr icon


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Porto Vecchio — (spr. P. Vekkio), 1) Golf auf der Ostküste der Insel Corsica; 2) Stadt daran in der Provinz Sartona; hat großen, für eine Kriegsflotte hinreichenden Hafen; 2100 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Porto Vecchio — (spr. wéckjo), Stadt auf der franz. Insel Korsika, Arrond. Sartène, an der gleichnamigen Bai der Südostküste in sumpfiger, ungesunder Gegend gelegen, hat alte Mauern mit Türmen, einen guten Hafen, Salzsiederei, Korkgewinnung, Pferdezucht und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Porto-Vecchio — Original name in latin Porto Vecchio Name in other language Porti Vecchju, Portivechju, Porto Vecchio, Porto Vecchio, Porto Vekk o, Porto Vekkio, poruto=vuPorto Vecchioekkio, Порто Веккио, Порто Веккьо State code FR Continent/City Europe/Paris… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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