Jubilee 2000

Jubilee 2000 was an international coalition movement in over 40 countries that called for cancellation of third world debt by the year 2000. This movement coincided with the Great Jubilee, the celebration of the year 2000 in the Catholic Church. From early 2001, Jubilee 2000 split into an array of organisations around the world.

Concept

The concept derives from the biblical idea of the year of Jubilee, the 50th year. In the Jubilee Year as quoted in Leviticus, those enslaved because of debts are freed, lands lost because of debt are returned, and community torn by inequality is restored. It aimed to wipe out $90bn of debt owed by the world's poorest nations, reducing the total to about $37bn.

Activism

The activities were initially directed through church channels, and quickly gained wide currency, spreading messages about the hardship caused by debts among diverse sectors of the public. Youth groups in particular became heavily involved, reversing a perception, born of the 1980s, that young people were uninterested in political issues. Campaigns were launched via a secretariat in the UK, franchising the "trade mark" to any who directed campaign in the spirit of Jubilee 2000. Among the supporters of the movement were Bono of rock band U2, Quincy Jones, Muhammad Ali, Bob Geldof, Youssou N'dour, Thom Yorke and others.

Jubilee 2000 staged demonstrations at the 1998 G-8 meeting in Birmingham, England. The G-8 refers to the eight countries (U.S., U.K., Canada, Japan, Germany, France, Italy, and Russia) that represent a majority of the world's economy. The group holds regular summits to discuss various global issues. At the Birmingham meeting, which, among other things, focused on achieving sustainable economic growth in the context of environmental protection and good governance, between 50,000 and 70,000 demonstrators participated in a peaceful protest in an effort to put debt relief on the agenda of Western governments. The protestors made headlines around the world for their demonstrations and activities aimed at increasing awareness, such as forming a human chain around Birmingham City Centre, passing out petitions, and holding informative workshops. The protestors caught the attention of Prime Minister Tony Blair, who met with the directors of Jubilee 2000 to discuss the issue of heavy debt in poor countries. Subsequently, the Prime Minister publicly expressed his personal support for, and dedication to, debt forgiveness. Other notable successes that resulted, at least in part, from Jubilee 2000 pressure, included a promise from the United States during the G-7 (G-8 financial ministers, excluding Russia) meeting in Cologne, Germany in 1999 to cancel 100% of the debt that qualifying countries owed the U.S. Jubilee also lobbied the U.S. Congress to make good on this promise. Congress responded to the growing pressure to address debt relief issues in 2000 by committing $769 million to bilateral and multilateral debt relief. In less than a decade, Jubilee 2000 succeeded in changing the thinking and policy on unsustainable debt on a global level. [http://www.uiowa.edu/ifdebook/ebook2/contents/part4-I.shtml E. Carrasco, C.McClellan, & J. Ro (2007), "Foreign Debt: Forgiveness and Repudiation" University of Iowa Center for International Finance and Development E-Book] ]

Post 2000

From early 2001, Jubilee 2000 split into an array of organisations around the world; Jubilee South (encompassing many former Jubilee campaigns in Africa, Asia and Latin America); Jubilee Debt Campaign, Jubilee Scotland and Jubilee Research (hosted by nef new economics foundation) in the UK; Jubilee USA; Jubilé 2000/CAD Mali in Mali; and many other national organisations. These co-ordinate their actions through a loose global confederation.

Jubilee USA, located in Washington DC, is the USA's campaigning successor to Jubilee 2000. Erlassjahr.de is the German branch. There are very many other organisations around the world which also carry forward the debt campaign.

Former Jubilee 2000 UK staff founded the short-lived Drop The Debt to work in the run-up to the 2001 G8 Summit in Genoa, maintaining Jubilee 2000's combination of lobbying, celebrity work and mass activism. Jubilee Research at the New Economics Foundation, located in London, took over from Jubilee 2000 in 2001 and now provides in-depth analysis and data on third world debt. Jubilee Debt Campaign is the UK's campaigning successor to Jubilee 2000, comprising much of the UK's original Jubilee 2000 membership, while Jubilee Scotland campaigns north of the border. The campaign calls for cancellation of debts owed by the world's poorest countries.

Debt was one of the targets of 2005's Make Poverty History Campaign.

External links

* [http://www.jubileesouth.org/ Jubilee South]
* [http://www.jubileedebtcampaign.org.uk/?lid=282 The Birth of Jubilee 2000]
* [http://www.jubileedebtcampaign.org.uk Jubilee Debt Campaign]
* [http://www.jubileeusa.org Jubilee USA Network]
* [http://www.jubileeresearch.org Jubilee Research at nef]
* [http://www.jubileescotland.org.uk Jubilee Scotland]
* [http://www.erlassjahr.de Erlassjahr.de (Jubilee Germany)]
* [http://www.jubileo2000.ec Jubilee Ecuador]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jubilee 2000 — Logo von erlassjahr.de erlassjahr.de Entwicklung braucht Entschuldung ist ein breites gesellschaftliches Bündnis, welches aus 850 deutschen Mitträgerorganisationen besteht. Hierzu zählen insbesondere Landeskirchen, Diözesen,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • English Jubilee 2000 Bible — The Jubilee Bible, with its supplementary material, presents a way for African Americans to see how they are inextricably connected to the ancient world of the Bible.Translated from the original texts in Biblical Hebrew and Greek into Spanish by… …   Wikipedia

  • Jubilee USA — Network is an alliance of churches, diverse faith communities, and labor, environmental, solidarity, and community organizations. They aim to build a grassroots movement to achieve the complete cancellation of debt owed by countries with high… …   Wikipedia

  • Jubilee Debt Coalition — (Drop The Debt) is a coalition of national organisations and local groups around the UK, calling for the unpayable debts of the poorest countries to be cancelled. The Coalition is also known as Jubilee Debt Campaign and focuses on developing… …   Wikipedia

  • Jubilee (banda) — Jubilee Datos generales Origen Los Ángeles,California EE.UU. Informaci …   Wikipedia Español

  • 2000 Guinées — Stakes L arrivée du 2000 guinées à Newmarket par Samuel Henry Alken (1810 1894) Le 2000 guinées Stakes est une course hippique internationale de Groupe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 2000 guinees Stakes — 2000 guinées Stakes L arrivée du 2000 guinées à Newmarket par Samuel Henry Alken (1810 1894) Le 2000 guinées Stakes est une course hippique internationale de Groupe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jubilee (Christian) — The concept of the Jubilee is a special year of remission of sins and universal pardon. In the Biblical book of Leviticus, a Jubilee year is mentioned to occur every fifty years, in which slaves and prisoners would be freed, debts would be… …   Wikipedia

  • Jubilee Oval — WIN Jubilee Oval Kogarah Oval Full name WIN Jubilee Oval Former names OKI Jubilee …   Wikipedia

  • Jubilee Centre — The Jubilee Centre is a Christian social reform think tankcite web url = http://women.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life and style/women/relationships/article3265420.ece title = Experts say marriage isn t so important now publisher = The Times accessdate …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.