Weesp


Weesp

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Weesp


mapsize = 280px



flag_size = 150x75px
image_shield = Weesp wapen.pngshield_size = 150x75px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Netherlands
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = North Holland
leader_name = Wim Kozijn
leader_party = No party
area_footnotes = (2006)
area_total_km2 = 21.88
area_land_km2 = 20.58
area_water_km2 = 1.30
population_as_of = 1 January, 2007
population_note = Source: CBS, [http://statline.cbs.nl/ Statline] .
settlement_type = Municipality
population_total = 17529
population_density_km2 = 852
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 52.32
latNS = N
longd = 5.03
longEW = E
website = [http://www.weesp.nl www.weesp.nl]

.

Weesp lies next to the rivers de Vecht and Smal Weesp and also next to the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal. It is in an area called the "Vechtstreek". It is only 3 km from the end of the Amsterdam metro, but the wide Amsterdam-Rhine Canal keeps it geographically separate. Weesp is a rail junction, and very easily accessible. The town is surrounded by open grassland.

The town has a population of 17,533 and is famous for Van Houten chocolate, windmills, the historical centre with its canals, its Weesper porcelain and the Weesper Mop cookie. The bastion and fortifications are also famous, because they are a part of the Defense line of Amsterdam and the Dutch Water Line. They were never used, though.

History

Until the early Middle Ages this region was an uninhabited peat bog. Weesp was granted city rights in 1355 and celebrated its 650th anniversary as a city in 2005.

From the late Middle Ages, the Vecht was a defensive line for the County of Holland and it remained a military defensive line until the Second World War. Weesp was strongly fortified, more than its size would justify - for most of its history it had a few thousand inhabitants.

The defensive lines consisted of inundation zones, which would be flooded in wartime. Behind them were fortified towns, forts, barracks and other military structures. The most comprehensive was the Defence Line of Amsterdam (Stelling van Amsterdam), a circular inundation zone around Amsterdam, which belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

After the Second World War, new housing was built in the west and an industrial zone with a harbour at the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal was constructed. In the 1970’s a suburb was built on the south. Since then the town has not expanded.

Population Centers

The municipality of Weesp consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: De Horn, Uitermeer, Weesp.

Local government

The municipal council of Weesp consists of 17 seats, which are divided as follows:

*WSP - 5 seats
*PvdA - 3 seats
*CDA - 3 seats
*VVD - 2 seats
*GroenLinks - 2 seats
*AOV - 1 seat
*DEP - 1 seat

Transportation

Weesp has one railway station, Weesp. Weesp also has a bus connection to Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA railway station.

References

*Statistics are taken from the [http://www.sdu.nl/staatscourant/gemeentes/gem521nh.htm SDU Staatscourant]
* [http://www.weesp.nl Official website Weesp] nl
*
* [http://www.radioweesp.nl Local radiostation Radio Weesp] nl
* [http://www.weespernieuws.nl Local newspaper WeesperNieuws] nl
* [http://www.sbfeest.nl Big annual event Sluis- en Bruggenfeest] nl
* [http://www.weesper.nl/650 Weesp 650-years city rights] nl
* [http://www.weespermolens.org Weesper windmills] nl
* [http://www.wesopa.nl Local theatre City of Wesopa] nl
* [http://www.brandweerweesp.nl Firedepartment Weesp (must see)] nl


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