Carcoar, New South Wales
Infobox Australian Place | type = town
name = Carcoar
state = nsw
caption = Belubula Street
lga = Blayney Shire
fedgov = Calare
postcode = 2791
est = 1839
pop = 400
maxtemp = 20.9
mintemp = 6.6
rainfall = 784.6
stategov = Bathurst
dist1 = 258
dist2 = 52
Carcoar is a town in the Central West region of
New South Wales, Australia, in Blayney Shire. It has a population of almost 400. It is situated just off the Mid-Western Highway258 km west of Sydneyand 52 km south-west of Bathurst and is 720 m above sea-level. It is located in a small green valley, with the township and buildings on both banks of the Belubula River.
Carcoar was once one of the most important government centres in Western New South Wales. The town has been classified by the National Trust due to the number of intact 19th-century buildings. Carcoar is a
Gundunguraword meaning either "frog" or "kookaburra".
The original occupants were probably the
GundunguraAborigines. The first European to travel through the area was surveyor George Evans, who, heading south-west from Bathurst in 1815, set up his camp at the head of Coombing Creek.
The first settlers arrived in 1821. The first official land grant, comprising 560 acres (2.3 km²), was issued to Thomas Icely on 26 May 1829. He named it "
Coombing Park". In 1838 Thomas Icely requested that a village be established to service his large pastoral estate. On 29 September 1839 Carcoar became just the third settlement west of the Blue Mountains to be gazetted.
The first allotments in the town were sold in 1840. By 1850 Carcoar was the second most populous town west of the mountains, second in size only to Bathurst and became a banking and administrative centre for the area. In 1857 the town's public school opened. It has continued to function as a school since that day making it one of the oldest continuous schools in Australia.
The discovery of
goldfurther to the west in the mid 1860s started the decline of the town. The government began erecting a number of significant public buildingsstarting in the late 1870s. At this time, "Coombing Park" was supplying iron ore to the Lithgow steelworks.
The location of the town in the bottom of a steep valley counted against it for railway construction. Another blow came to the town when the railway went to Blayney (13 km to the North West) in 1874. By the early 1880s the population was in decline. Carcoar was not on the rail line until 1888 when the
Blayney-Demondrille Line, which is an extension of the Main Southern Line, was constructed.
In the 1980s services were suspended between Cowra and Blayney (including Carcoar). This section was re-opened by the
Lachlan Valley Railway. The LVR run tourist trains, mainly from Cowra to Blayney and Canowindra, and have now moved into general freight haulage.
Convicts and bushrangers
Carcoar's population growth in the mid-1800s also brought forth problems with the local renegade
convicts and bushrangers who frequented the area and indeed ventured into the town and its surroundings on quite frequent occasion.
During one event, German Charley attempting to prevent the theft of a racehorse from the "Coombing Park" stables was shot to death by Mickey Bourke. Later a bushranger by the name of Curran was captured by the local constabulary and the town was calmed by the arrival of a local magistrate and more police.
Despite or perhaps as a result of its apparent prosperity and grandeur, Carcoar continued to suffer from bushranging activity and, historically, 1863 saw what is most likely to be Australia's first daylight bank robbery when Johnny Gilbert and John O'Meally held up the Commercial Bank. The robbery was unsuccessful because both bandits fled empty-handed when a brave teller in the bank fired a shot into the ceiling of the bank, and the resulting sound alerted the township's residents.
Later still the Presbyterian Reverend James Adam was held up by
Ben Hallwho finding that the Reverend made a good impression upon him decided not to rob him. Frank Gardiner, previously working in the area when he was granted a ticket of leave as a part of his parole conditions after a six year stint for horse theft, broke his parole and took up cattle thieving.
Film and television
In recent years the town has been used as a location for numerous film and television productions including "Jessica" (starring
Sam Neill), " Let the Balloon Go", "Brides of Christ" and "Tommy the Kid".
* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.au/ National Trust of Australia]
* [http://www.firearmsmuseum.org.au/ Firearms Tech Museum]
* [http://www.lvr.com.au/ Lachlan Valley Railway]
* [http://www.tommythekid.net/ Tommy the Kid - Australian Short Film]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
New South Wales Legislative Assembly electoral districts — The New South Wales Legislative Assembly is elected from 93 single member electorates called districts. Current districts This is a list of districts for the 2007 general election.* Albury * Auburn * Ballina * Balmain (1880 1894: Balmain; 1894… … Wikipedia
Neville, New South Wales — Neville is a small village in the south east of New South Wales, Australia, in Blayney Shire. It is 60km south of Bathurst or about 16 km south east of Mandurama. It is 940 metres above sea level and currently has a population of about 100.… … Wikipedia
Mandurama, New South Wales — Mandurama New South Wales Olive Street, the main street of Mandurama, looking north … Wikipedia
Millthorpe, New South Wales — Millthorpe New South Wales Main Street of Millthorpe … Wikipedia
Newbridge, New South Wales — Newbridge is a village of about 100 residents in New South Wales, Australia in Blayney Shire. It is approximately 30 km from Bathurst and 15 km from Blayney in the Central Tablelands of NSW. At the 2006 census, Newbridge had a… … Wikipedia
Boorowa, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = town name = Boorowa state = nsw caption = Boorowa Court House lga = Boorowa Shire Council postcode = 2586 pop = 1,067 (2001 census) est = 1843 stategov = Burrinjuck fedgov = HumeBoorowa is a farming town in New… … Wikipedia
Barry, New South Wales — Barry is a small village in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia, in Blayney Shire. It is situated within an hours driving time from the townships and villages of Blayney, Millthorpe, Mandurama, Neville, Lyndhurst and Carcoar.… … Wikipedia
Canowindra, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = town name = Canowindra state = nsw caption = lga = Cabonne Shire postcode = 2804 est = 1847 pop = elevation= 300 maxtemp = 24.7 mintemp = 8.1 rainfall = 602 stategov = Dubbo fedgov = Calare dist1 = location1=… … Wikipedia
Blayney, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = town name = Blayney state = nsw caption = Blayney Township lga = Blayney Shire postcode = 2799 est = pop = 2,608 (2001 census) elevation= 863.0 maxtemp = 18.3 mintemp = 4.4 rainfall = 765.9 stategov = Orange… … Wikipedia
Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1880–1882 — This is a list of members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1880 to 1882. Elections for the tenth Legislative Assembly were held between 17 November and 10 December 1880 with parliament first meeting on 15 December 1880. Electoral… … Wikipedia