South Slavic Union
The South Slavic Union was a late 19th to early 20th century idea of a federation encompassing all South Slavic states.
Following the weakening of the
Ottoman Empireprior to World War I, Serbiaand Bulgariahad gained independence and were looking to form a greater entity that would strengthen their international position. Disputes over territorial possessions within the federation, however, resulted in the Balkan Warsand World War I. Hostilities diminished and the movement was reinvigorated during the inter-war period, after several more states had gained independence as a result of the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The planned South Slavic Union would have encompassed all of what later became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, plus Greater Bulgaria. Some also hinted toward incorporation of Albania into the South Slavic Union, since a big portion of it was already within the borders of Serbia, as the autonomous republic of Kosovo. The original plan was to include all of Greater Bulgaria as well, which features all of present-day Bulgarian territory, plus expansions to the North (Romanian-controlled Dobrudzha and Northern Black Sea coast), the Southeast (Ottoman-controlled Odrine territories) and South (Greek Controlled Aegean Coast). It was agreed that Macedonia was to be included in the federation as an autonomous republic, thus the controversy as to which state should incorporate it was settled. Eventually, as Europe was on its way to World War II, Western Slavic people realized that the suggested by Eastern Slavs (Bulgarians) Eastern Borders of the South Slavic Union, or Greater Bulgaria would never come to reality. The temptation of the South Slavic Union having an Aegean coast and greater Black Seas coast, was seen as unrealistic by them. The Union was to be a democratic federation of states, which would have a great amount of autonomy, however, a dispute arose between Serbia and Bulgaria as to where the capital should be - Sofia or Belgrade. In the end, Serbia and Bulgaria could not agree on which should be the dominant power in the union, even though given the nature of the union, that question would not have arisen, but realists claim that power politics played a greater role in this case. Bulgaria would have had significantly more territory and possibly controlled all the Black Sea and Aegean ports of the country, while a Serbian-dominated West would have had a higher population, and greater say over the Adriatic coast and Northwestern affairs. In addition, smaller South Slavic nations were not very fond of having a bipolar federation in which they would hold very little or now say. Eventually, the two countries agreed that such a union would not function well and would end up splitting up between Bulgaria and the Western Balkans, and decided not to form a federation. Instead, Yugoslavia was formed to incorporate only Southwestern Slavic nations.
Had the South Slavic Union formed, the federation would have encompassed: Bulgaria, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Bosnia, Croatia, Slovenia, Vojvodina, Kosovo and possibly Albania (probably united with Kosovo). It would have had a larger area than that of present-day Germany and a population of about 35 million people. It would have featured almost all of the Eastern Adriatic Coast, almost all of the Western Black Sea coast and a significant portion of the Aegean coast. It would have had a number of major cities, including Belgrade, Sofia, Sarejevo, Zagreb, Skopje, Plovdiv, Varna, Tirana, Podgorica, Ljubljana, etc.
As all of the aforementioned countries' economies are currently growing and all are either in or on the path to entry in the European Union, the idea of a South Slavic Union to be formed as a higher-integrated sub-entity within the European Union has been once again addressed. Due to the recent collapse of Yugoslavia, however, as well as Bulgarian-Macedonian tensions, resulting from different interpretations of history, as well as Bulgarian-Serbian tensions, resulting from the Kosovo war, such a sub-union is thought to not be possible at least for another few decades.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Slavic speakers of Greek Macedonia — Total population Greece: 200,000+ Diaspora: 150,000+ Regions with significant populations Florina, Edessa, Kastoria, Thessaloniki, Serres, Drama … Wikipedia
Slavic mythology — is the mythological aspect of the polytheistic religion that was practised by the Slavs before Christianisation. The religion possesses many common traits with other religions descended from the Proto Indo European religion. Zbruch Idol. Contents … Wikipedia
Slavic languages — or Slavonic languages Branch of the Indo European language family spoken by more than 315 million people in central and eastern Europe and northern Asia. The Slavic family is usually divided into three subgroups: West Slavic, comprising Polish,… … Universalium
South Slavs — The South Slavs are a southern branch of the Slavic peoples that live in the Balkans mainly throughout the former Yugoslavia (meaning Land of the South Slavs ) and Bulgaria. Geographically, the South Slavs are native to the southern Pannonian… … Wikipedia
Slavic peoples — legend|#004040|South SlavicThe Slavic peoples are an ethnic and linguistic branch of Indo European peoples, living mainly in Europe. From the early 6th century they spread from their original homeland (most commonly thought to be in Eastern… … Wikipedia
Slavic languages — Infobox Language family name=Slavic region=throughout Eastern Europe familycolor=Indo European fam1=Indo European fam2=Balto Slavic child1=East Slavic child2=South Slavic child3=West Slavic iso2=sla [ legend|#004040|Countries where a South Slavic … Wikipedia
Slavic Europe — [ legend|#004040|Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language] Slavic Europe is a region of Europe where Slavic people live. This area corresponds, more or less, to East Central, Eastern Europe and Southeastern Europe, and… … Wikipedia
Slavic settlement of the Eastern Alps — region was a historic process that took place between the 6th and 9th century AD, having culminated in the final quarter of the 6th century. Historical background The migration of Slavic peoples from their homeland began in roughly the late 4th… … Wikipedia
Union organizer — A union organizer is a specific type of trade union member (often elected) or an appointed union official. A majority of unions appoint rather than elect their organizers.In most unions, the organizer s role is to recruit groups of workers under… … Wikipedia
Soviet Union — USSR and CCCP redirect here. For other uses, see USSR (disambiguation) and CCCP (disambiguation). Soviet redirects here. For the term itself, see Soviet (council). For other uses, see Soviet (disambiguation). Union of Soviet Socialist Republics … Wikipedia