Mariano José de Larra

Mariano José de Larra
Born 24 March 1809(1809-03-24)
Madrid, Spain
Died 13 February 1837(1837-02-13) (aged 27)
Madrid, Spain
Occupation Journalist, novelist, playwright, politician

Mariano José de Larra (24 March 1809 – 13 February 1837) was a Spanish romantic writer best known for his numerous essays, as well as his infamous suicide. Larra's works were often satirical and critical of nineteenth-century Spanish society, and focused on both the politics and customs of his time.

He was born in Madrid; his father served as a regimental doctor in the French army, and, as an afrancesado, was compelled to leave the Peninsula with his family in 1812. In 1817 Larra returned to Spain, knowing less Spanish than French. His nature was disorderly, his education was imperfect, and, after futile attempts to obtain a degree in medicine or law, he made an imprudent marriage at the age of twenty, broke with his relatives and became a journalist.

On the 27th of April 1831 he produced his first play, No más mostrador, based on two pieces by Scribe and Dieulafoy. Though lacking in originality, it is brilliantly written, and held the stage for many years. On the 24th of September 1834 he produced Macías, a play based on his own historical novel, El doncel de don Enrique el Doliente (1834).

The drama and novel are interesting as experiments, but Larra was essentially a journalist, and the increased liberty of the press after the death of Ferdinand VII gave his caustic talent an ampler field. He was already famous under the pseudonyms of Juan Pérez de Munguía and Fígaro which he used in El Pobrecito Hablador and La Revista Española respectively. Madrid laughed at his grim humour; ministers feared his vitriolic pen and courted him assiduously; he defended Liberalism against the Carlist rebellion; he was elected as deputy for Ávila, and a great career seemed to lie before him. But the era of military pronunciamientos ruined his personal prospects and patriotic plans. His writing took on a more sombre tinge; domestic troubles increased his pessimism, and, in consequence of a disastrous love-affair, he committed suicide in February 1837.


Influence

  • Some of his phrases like Vuelva usted mañana (come back tomorrow) or Escribir en España es llorar (To write in Spain is to cry) are still applied to chastise present-day ills.
  • The Spanish-language clone of the Slashdot Internet forum, Barrapunto, uses Pobrecito Hablador ("Poor little talker") as the name for anonymous commenters.
  • The Premio Mariano José de Larra rewards young outstanding journalists in Spain.

References

Attribution


External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mariano José de Larra — «Larra» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Larra (desambiguación). Mariano José de Larra Mariano José de Larra …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mariano José de Larra — Mariano José de Larra. Mariano José de Larra y Sánchez de Castro (* 24. März 1809 in Madrid; † 13. Februar 1837 ebenda) war ein spanischer Schriftsteller und Journalist. Leben Larra wurde in der Calle Segovia in Madrid, im ehemaligen Casa de la… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mariano José de Larra — y Sánchez de Castro est né le 24 mars de 1809, et s est suicidé le 13 février de 1837. Larra, surnommé Figaro, était un écrivain et journaliste espagnol. Il est considéré, aux côtés notamment d Espronceda, comme un des représentants les plus… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mariano Jose de Larra — Mariano José de Larra Mariano José de Larra Mariano José de Larra y Sánchez de Castro est né le 24 mars de 1809, et s est suicidé le 13 février de 1837. Larra était un écrivain et journaliste espagnol. Il est considéré, aux côtés notamment d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mariano José de Larra — y Sánchez de Castro (Madrid, 24 de marzo de 1809 id., 13 de febrero de 1837). Escritor y periodista español …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mariano José De Larra — Amor Los amores más duraderos son aquellos en que uno de los dos amantes es extraordinariamente celoso. Error En este triste país, si a un zapatero se le antoja hacer una botella y le sale mal, después ya no le dejan hacer zapatos. Hablar… …   Diccionario de citas

  • Larra, Mariano José de — ▪ Spanish writer born March 24, 1809, Madrid died Feb. 13, 1837, Madrid       Spanish journalist and satirist who attacked contemporary society for its social habits, literary tastes, and political ineptitude.       Larra s family was forced to… …   Universalium

  • Larra, Mariano José de — ► (1809 37) Escritor español. En 1833 adoptó su seudónimo más conocido, Fígaro. Autor de El doncel de don Enrique el Doliente (1834) (novela histórica), Macías (1834) (drama). Es en el ensayo y en los artículos periodísticos donde alcanza mayor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LARRA (M. J. de) — En un combat solitaire et sans issue, Mariano José de Larra y Sánchez de Castro, qui porte en lui même Figaro et Antony, tourne ses armes – l’humour, le sarcasme, le sous entendu – contre ses compatriotes qu’il raille plus qu’il ne les décrit,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Larra — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La palabra Larra puede referirse a: Mariano José de Larra, escritor y periodista español del siglo XIX. Larra, importante paraje karstico del Valle de Belagua (Navarra). Larra, comuna francesa en el departamento de… …   Wikipedia Español


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