Marthandam

Martandam

Thoduvetty

—  town  —
Coordinates
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Kanyakumari
Nearest city Nagercoil & Trivandrum
Parliamentary constituency Kanyakumari
Assembly constituency Vilavancode
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Vedisasthan Kovil
Vedisasthan Kovil another View
CSI Church in Martandam

Martandam is a major trade centre in Kuzhithurai municipality across National Highway (NH 47) in the Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu, India, at the border with Kerala. Originally called Thoduvetty, it was a portion of Kanyakumari district which was added to the state of Tamil Nadu on November 1, 1956. Martandam may have been named after the ruler of Travancore, Marthanda Varma.

Contents

Manhunt at Martandam

Deliverance Day programmes started with a public meeting on 11 August 1954 at Martandam Gandhi Maidan. Sixteen volunteers were selected to picket at Kuzhithurai First Class Magistrate Court. Selected volunteers were garlanded and taken in a procession.[1] Initially nearly 5000 people participated in the procession and at about 11.30 a.m. it approached Kuzhithurai. Those who accompanied the procession shouted slogans like, “Pattom Rule Down Down”, “United Tamilagam will be formed”, “Struggle will be continued until then”, “Struggle started”, etc.[2] When the mob reached the gate of the Magistrate Court, the number of participants doubled to 10,000. Without giving any warning, to disburse the mob, the police resorted to lathi charge suddenly and arrested many. Hundreds of people were injured. From the Magistrate Court the mob dispersed into two and one group went to the Kuzhithurai Bus Stand . At that time the students of Martandam English High School got out of the School premises and went in a procession. Under the pretext that the students pelted stones, the police initiated lathi charge and arrested two of them. Thus the situation at Martandam became worse as a result of the wrong approach of the police department.[3]

Many government buses were damaged. In between Martandam and Thoduvetty the road was blocked by telephone posts, electrical posts and big stones. The police sub-inspector of Vilavancode Station requested the Assistant Superintendent of Police to visit the spot. He came immediately and ordered for firing.[4] Many were shot dead and certain others injured. As per the Shankaran Commission Report, the number of dead was 3 at Martandam.[5] But actually the number was much more than what was reported by the Commission.[6]

Produce

Martandam is famous for honey, cashew nut processing, rubber and hand-embroidered motifs. The area is full of greenery, and there is a river adjoining. It is also a major trade centre due to its location bordering Kerala.Lush paddy fields,Coconut trees, highlands, hills and hillocks, rubber plantations and places associated with many legends given Martandam the enviable title.

  • In addition to that,the Chips that you get from the Bakeries are tastier than in any other Parts of the World.
  • The great Ardelinlal was born near Marthandam in 30th July 1990 and he is a great martial art expert.

Education

  • Martandam is home to the Nesamony Memorial Christian College, Government Higher Secondary School (close to 150 years old) and the Victory Embroidery School. The latter provides work to women skilled in the art of hand embroidery from the surrounding villages. S. Retna Raj, the founder of Victory Embroidery School in the year 1950, was the first industrialist of Martandam who put this market town on the textile map of Tamil Nadu.[7]
  • Christuraja Matriculation Higher Secondary School in North street Martandam. "Knowledge is to serve" is the main motto of the school. Christuraja School had a modest beginning with just 23 students. Actually the history of the school dates back to 10 August 1971, when the Lions Club of Kulasekaram handed over the ownership and management of its ‘Lions Club Kinder Garten School’ to the Congregation of the Daughters of Mary. Martandam has to its pride an old church built exclusively of stone by a British architect, John Sinclair, in 1883.
  • Martandam Hindu Vidyalaya Matriculation Higher Secondary School (near Kotheswaram Temple). Qualitative, man-making education to bring out excellence in man is the prime goal of the Hindu Vidyalayas.
  • Good Shepherd School, situated in the North Street, has been known for its excellent features, infrastructure and the quality of education. It is one of the topmost schools in Martandam.

Transport

Martandam is strategically located. It is one of the most fertile lands of Tamil Nadu and has the climatic conditions of Kerala. It has a railway line connecting the capital of Kerala, Trivandrum, with the southernmost tip of India, Kanyakumari. The station is still called Kuzhithurai. Martandam is well connected to chennai,mumbai,bangalore by rail service also bus service setc to all over Tamil Nadu.

Temples

.The main festivals celebrated here are Easter, Newyear's Eve, Samivaravu, Sivarathri, Christmas and Onam.

There is a Lord Ayyappa temple in Martandam at the banks of Kuzhithurai River.

This temple is known as either "Vettuvenni temple" or "Vedisasthan Kovil". The latter one due to the fire cracker being burst at the temple as a mark of prayer to Lord Ayyappa. This temple is just by the side of National Highway NH-47 connecting Trivandrum with Nagercoil

  • The very famous and old temple in Martandam is KOTHESHWARAM temple.
  • Kurumbetti Bagavathi Amman KoVil : famous Amman temple Near to Martandam New Bus Stand(towards Viricode)
  • The famous esaki amman kovil present in the pnp complex..

CHURCHES

The Majestic CSI Church which is situated in the Main Road at the Junction is the Key Factor for the Development of the Small Village to a big Town.It was built by Sinclair,a Missionary from Scotland.It stands for its Fame.In the Period of Christmas,they Illuminate the Church and the Church used to Shine with beautiful Lights.They fire Crackers and Celebrate the Festival spending Lakhs of Rupees.The Guys from the Church are Energetic and Passionate.There are 2 majestic RC Churches.One in the Main Road and the Other at the North Street.

Folk Arts

There are several Folk Arts practiced in temples for Sastha (ayyanar), Sudalaimadan and Isakkiamman. Villupattu is especially for Sastha temples and Kaniankoothu is practiced for Sudalaimadan. Grand Tamil poetess Avvaiyar temples are found along with Isakki amman temples and worship of teachings of Avvaiyar can be observed

Places near by Martandam

  • Kottagom
  • Thickurichy
  • Viricode
  • Kappukad
  • Mullanchery
  • Unnamalakadai
  • pudukkadai
  • munchirai
  • Karungal
  • Irenipuram
  • Elavuvilai
  • Mukkutukal
  • Kuruvilvillai

Gnarakadu

  • pallanvilai
  • Kodumkulam
  • Thachanvilagam
  • Erucka vilai
  • Maruthancode
  • Palliyadi

Notes

  1. ^ Ibid" p. 18
  2. ^ K. Sankaran Commission Report, op.cit., p. 21
  3. ^ LIBERATION OF THE OPPRESSED A CONTINUOUS STRUGGLE A CASE STUDY-(Since 1822 A.D.),Socio-Economic and Political Liberation Struggle in the Extreme South of India, Dr. D. Peter,Dr. Ivy Peter Page no, 115 & 116,Google book
  4. ^ K. Sankaran Commission Report, op.cit., p. 24
  5. ^ K. Sankaran Commission Report, op.cit., p. 40
  6. ^ LIBERATION OF THE OPPRESSED A CONTINUOUS STRUGGLE A CASE STUDY-(Since 1822 A.D.),Socio-Economic and Political Liberation Struggle in the Extreme South of India, Dr. D. Peter,Dr. Ivy Peter Page no, 115 & 116,Google book
  7. ^ The Dinamalar Daily 8-9-2003 Page.6

Mukkutukal Kuruvillvillai Manjalumoodu Viricode Chitharal Thundathara Vilai

External links

See also

  • C. Boaz


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