Glycymerididae

Taxobox
name = Glycymerididae


image_caption = "Tucetona laticostata"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Mollusca
classis = Bivalvia
subclassis = Pteriomorpha
ordo = Arcoida
familia = Glycymerididae
familia_authority = Newton, 1922
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = See text

Glycymerididae, previously known as Glycymeridae, common names dog cockles or bittersweets, is a worldwide family of marine bivalve mollusks, related to the ark clams. In this family the shell is generally round in outline, is slightly longer than it is wide, and the external ligament lacks transverse striations. The shell in some genera is smooth and in others is ribbed.

Taxonomy

The name of the family was originally Glycymeridae when it was established in 1916. The name comes from the Ancient Greek word "glykymaris" (perhaps from "Glykys" (sweet) and "Meris" (part)), a word which is only recorded once in Greek literature. The family was changed, following ICZN rules of naming to the current name in 1957. This remains controversial, with each name supported by different taxonomists, however the present name has become more widely used since 1969. [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3790/is_200105/ai_n8936756/pg_10 Shell morphology, shell texture and species discrimination of Caribbean Tucetona (bivalvia, glycymeridae) | Journal of Paleontology | Find Articles at BNET.com ] ]

Genera and species in the family Glycymerididae

* "Axinactis"
** "Axinactis inaequalis" (Sowerby, 1833)
* "Glycymeris"
** "Glycymeris albolineata" (Lischke, 1872) - White-lined bittersweet
** "Glycymeris amboinensis"
** "Glycymeris americana" (DeFrance, 1829) - Giant bittersweet
** "Glycymeris arcodentiens"
** "Glycymeris bimaculata" (Polish, 1795) - Two-spotted bittersweet
** "Glycymeris castanea" Lamarck
** "Glycymeris connollyi" Tomlin, 1925
** "Glycymeris dampierensis"
** "Glycymeris decussata" (Linnaeus, 1758)
** "Glycymeris delessertii"
** "Glycymeris diomedea"
** "Glycymeris glycymeris" (Linnaeus, 1758) - Dog cockle or European bittersweet
** "Glycymeris formosus"
** "Glycymeris gordoni" (Nowell-Usticke, 1959)
** "Glycymeris insubrica"
** "Glycymeris kauaia"
** "Glycymeris kona"
** "Glycymeris longior" (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1833)
** "Glycymeris modesta" (Angas, 1879)
** "Glycymeris molokaia"
** "Glycymeris muskatensis" Melvill, 1897 - Muscat bittersweet
** "Glycymeris nux"
** "Glycymeris oculata" (Reeve, 1843)
** "Glycymeris pectinata" (Gmelin, 1791) - Comb bittersweet
** "Glycymeris pectiniformis" (Lamarck, 1819)
** "Glycymeris pectunculus" (Linnaeus, 1758)
** "Glycymeris reevei" (Mayer, 1868) - Reeve's bittersweet
** "Glycymeris radians" (Lamarck, 1819) - Rayed bittersweet
** "Glycymeris rotunda" (Dunker, 1882)
** "Glycymeris septentrionalis" (Middendorff, 1849)
** "Glycymeris sericata" (Reeve, 1843)
** "Glycymeris spectralis" (Nicol, 1952) - Spectral bittersweet
** "Glycymeris strigilata" Sowerby, 1833
** "Glycymeris tellinaeformis" (Reeve, 1843)
** "Glycymeris undata" (Linnaeus, 1758)
** "Glycymeris yessoensis" (Sowerby,1886)
* "Mexalanea"
** "Melaxinaea vitrea"
* "Tucetona"
** "Tucetona angusticosta"
** "Tucetona auriflua"
** "Tucetona flabellatus"
** "Tucetona laticostata" (Quoy & Gaimard, 1835)
** "Tucetona odhneri"
** "Tucetona pectinata" (Gmelin, 1791)
** "Tucetona subtilis" (Nicol, 1956)

References


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