Graham Steell murmur

A Graham Steell murmur is a heart murmur typically associated with pulmonary regurgitation. It is a high pitched early diastolic murmur heard best at the left sternal edge in the second intercostal space with the patient in full inspiration.

The murmur is heard due to a high velocity regurgitant flow across the pulmonary valve; this is usually a consequence of pulmonary hypertension. The Graham Steell murmur is often heard in patients with chronic cor pulmonale as a result of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

It is named for Graham Steell.cite journal |author=McArthur JD, Sukumar IP, Munsi SC, Krishnaswami S, Cherian G |title=Reassessment of Graham Steell murmur using platinum electrode technique |journal=Br Heart J |volume=36 |issue=10 |pages=1023–7 |year=1974 |month=October |pmid=4433433 |pmc=1020054 |doi= |url=http://heart.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=4433433] cite journal |author=Fraser AG, Weston CF |title=The Graham Steell murmur: eponymous serendipity? |journal=J R Coll Physicians Lond |volume=25 |issue=1 |pages=66–70 |year=1991 |month=January |pmid=2023159 |doi= |url=]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Graham Steell murmur — Gra·ham Steell murmur (graґəm stēl) [Graham Steell, British physician, 1851–1942] see under murmur …   Medical dictionary

  • Graham Steell murmur — a soft high pitched heart murmur best heard over the second left intercostal space in early diastole. It is a sign of pulmonary regurgitation. [Graham Steell (1851–1942), British physician] …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Graham Steell murmur — a high pitched diastolic murmur caused by pulmonary regurgitation secondary to severe pulmonary hypertension; it is heard at the left sternal edge, level with the second or third costal cartilage …   Medical dictionary

  • Steell murmur — (stēl) [Graham Steell, English physician, 1851–1942] Graham Steell murmur; see under murmur …   Medical dictionary

  • Steell murmur — Graham Steell m …   Medical dictionary

  • Steell — Graham, British physician, 1851–1942. See Graham S. murmur …   Medical dictionary

  • Murmur — A Murmur is an abnormal "whooshing" sound created by blood flow through heart valves, as well as flow through chamber narrowings or unusual connections seen with congenital heart disease. It is usually heard by the doctor while… …   Medical dictionary

  • Diastolic heart murmur — Auscultogram from normal and abnormal heart sounds Diastolic heart murmurs are heart murmurs heard during diastole.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Heart murmur — For the French motion picture, see Murmur of the Heart. Cardiac murmurs and other cardiac sounds Auscultogram from normal and abnormal heart sounds ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

  • Watson's water hammer pulse — is the medical sign which describes a pulse that is bounding and forceful,[1] or, in other words, rapidly increasing and subsequently collapsing,[2] as if it were the hitting of a water hammer that was causing the pulse. This is associated with… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.