Graham Steell murmur
A Graham Steell murmur is a
heart murmurtypically associated with pulmonary regurgitation. It is a high pitched early diastolicmurmur heard best at the left sternal edge in the second intercostal spacewith the patient in full inspiration.
The murmur is heard due to a high
velocityregurgitant flow across the pulmonary valve; this is usually a consequence of pulmonary hypertension. The Graham Steell murmur is often heard in patients with chronic cor pulmonaleas a result of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
It is named for
Graham Steell.cite journal |author=McArthur JD, Sukumar IP, Munsi SC, Krishnaswami S, Cherian G |title=Reassessment of Graham Steell murmur using platinum electrode technique |journal=Br Heart J |volume=36 |issue=10 |pages=1023–7 |year=1974 |month=October |pmid=4433433 |pmc=1020054 |doi= |url=http://heart.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=4433433] cite journal |author=Fraser AG, Weston CF |title=The Graham Steell murmur: eponymous serendipity? |journal=J R Coll Physicians Lond |volume=25 |issue=1 |pages=66–70 |year=1991 |month=January |pmid=2023159 |doi= |url=]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Graham Steell murmur — Gra·ham Steell murmur (graґəm stēl) [Graham Steell, British physician, 1851â€“1942] see under murmur … Medical dictionary
Graham Steell murmur — a soft high pitched heart murmur best heard over the second left intercostal space in early diastole. It is a sign of pulmonary regurgitation. [Graham Steell (1851–1942), British physician] … The new mediacal dictionary
Graham Steell murmur — a high pitched diastolic murmur caused by pulmonary regurgitation secondary to severe pulmonary hypertension; it is heard at the left sternal edge, level with the second or third costal cartilage … Medical dictionary
Steell murmur — (stēl) [Graham Steell, English physician, 1851â€“1942] Graham Steell murmur; see under murmur … Medical dictionary
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