LAM Mozambique Airlines

LAM – Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique SARL
LAM – Mozambique Airlines
Founded August 26, 1936 (1936-08-26) (75 years ago) (as Direcção de Exploração de Transportes Aéreos)
Commenced operations December 22, 1937 (1937-12-22)
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program Flamingo Club
Subsidiaries Moçambique Expresso (100%)
Fleet size 8
Destinations 16
Parent company Government of Mozambique
Headquarters Maputo, Mozambique
Key people
  • Teodoro Waty (Chairman of the Board)[1]
  • Marlene Manave (CEO)[1]
  • João Abreu (COO)[1]

Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique, Ltd.,[2] operating as LAM – Mozambique Airlines (Portuguese: LAM – Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique), is the flag carrier of Mozambique. Based in Maputo,[1] it operates scheduled services in southern Africa and Europe under the IATA airline code TM and the ICAO airline code LAM, its callsign being MOZAMBIQUE.[3]

The carrier is a member of the International Air Transport Association, and of the African Airlines Association since 1976.[4] According to Skytrax, out of a five-star ranking, the LAM – Mozambique Airlines in-flight service merits three stars.[5]

LAM – Mozambique Airlines is on the list of airlines banned in the EU.[6]:15



The airline was established in 26 August 1936 as DETA – Direcção de Exploração de Transportes Aéreos,[7] as a division of the department of railways, harbours and airways of the Portuguese colonial government of Mozambique. It started operations on 22 December 1937.[8] Following allegations of corruption, DETA was restructured and renamed LAM – Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique in early 1980.[8][9]

A LAM Mozambique Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 at Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, France. (1983)

Long haul flights were initially operated with Boeing 707 or DC-8 equipment, then a DC-10 leased from UTA French Airlines. At that time the government's Il-62M was sometimes used for additional capacity. The early 1990s were the peak of expansion with the DC-10 flying twice weekly to Lisbon (sometimes via Madrid) as well as one weekly flight operating the route Maputo-Paris-Copenhagen-East Berlin, mainly to shuttle guest construction workers. For many years, the Lisbon flights would then operate a sector for TACV to Sal Island before returning to Maputo. After the DC-10 lease terminated, Lisbon flights were operated with a South African Airways Boeing 747SP before a pair of Boeing 767-200's was secured. However, 767 services were short-lived with management deciding to concentrate on regional routes and these aircraft spent most of their time leased to SAA.[citation needed]

On 23 December 1998 LAM was transformed into a limited company, adopting the denomination of LAM – Mozambique Airlines by Decree no. 69/98. A limited company incorporated by statute in Mozambique was formed in late 1999.[1] The state holds 91% of the shares and employees hold the balance.[1] As of May 2011, the carrier employs a staff of 695.[1] LAM wholly owns the airline Moçambique Expresso.[citation needed]

The airline is banned from operating within the European Union, as of April 2011.[10][11] Flights to Lisbon that resumed in early April 2011 (2011-04) used Boeing 767-300ER equipment operated by EuroAtlantic Airways on behalf of LAM.[12][13][14] The airline announced the suspension of the Maputo–Lisbon–Maputo route effective 22 November 2011, ahead of the constitution of a new autonomous division aimed at operating intercontinental routes.[15]


Codeshare agreements

As of June 2011 the following routes are codeshared ones, actually operated by the carriers shown:[16][17]



A LAM Boeing 737-200 at OR Tambo International Airport, Johannesburg, South Africa. (2010)
LAM Embraer 190 in Johannesburg (2009).

As of September 2011, the LAM – Mozambique Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft:[3][18]

LAM – Mozambique Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Fleet Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-200 Advanced 2 16 88 104 Domestic & Regional Routes
Bombardier Q400 3 0 78 78 Operated by Moçambique Expresso
Embraer 120[citation needed] 1 0 30 30 Operated by Moçambique Expresso
Embraer 190 2 9 84 93 Domestic & Regional Routes
Total 8

At 1 July 2010, the average age of the LAM – Mozambique Airlines fleet is 14.7 years.[citation needed]


The airline previously operated the following aircraft:

Accidents and incidents

As of June 2011, Aviation Safety Network records 3 accidents/incidents for the airline, none of them leading to fatalities.[24]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Company History". LAM – Mozambique Airlines. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  2. ^ "Legal Notice." LAM Mozambique Airlines. Retrieved on 27 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b "LAM - Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique - Details and Fleet History". Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "AFRAA Members". AFRAA. Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "LAM Mozambique Airlines Customer Reviews | SKYTRAX". Skytrax. 23 October 2010. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "List of air carriers of which all operations are subject to a ban within the EU". European Comission – Mobility & Transport. 20 April 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d "World airline directory – DETA Mozambique Airlines" (pdf). Flight International: 309. 26 July 1980. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "World Airline Directory | LAM – Linhas Aereas de Moçambique" (pdf). Flight International: 91. 4 April 2000 – 10 April 2000. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "World Airline Directory – Linhas Aéreas de Mocambique (LAM)" (pdf). Flight International: 93. 30 March 1985. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  10. ^ Cathy Buyck (20 April 2011). "EC bans Mozambique airlines from European airspace". Air Transport World. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "All Mozambique airlines banned from entering EU". People's Daily. Xinhua News Agency. 20 April 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  12. ^ Cathy Buyck (2 May 2011). "African airlines say they are 'being progressively destroyed' by EU blacklist". Air Transport World. Retrieved 10 July 2011. "LAM said it will be able to continue offering Maputo-Lisbon service despite Mozambique's addition to the EU blacklist by wet-leasing a Boeing 767-300ER from Portuguese ACMI provider euroAtlantic." 
  13. ^ "EC bans Mozambican airlines on safety grounds". Bloomberg Businessweek. Associated Press (Maputo). 19 April 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011. "Portugal's EuroAtlantic Airways provides the aircraft, crew and maintenance for twice weekly Mozambique Airlines Maputo-Lisbon flights." 
  14. ^ "LAM iniciou com sucesso voos para Lisboa [LAM successfully resumed flights to Lisbon]" (in Portuguese). LAM Mozambique Airlines. 5 April 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  15. ^ "LAM redefine operação intercontinental [LAM redefines intercontinental operations]" (in Portuguese). LAM Mozambique Airlines. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  16. ^ "Ethiopian Code Share with Mozambique Airlines" (Press release). Ethiopian Airlines. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  17. ^ "Partners & Alliances". Kenya Airways. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  18. ^ "LAM - Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique". CH-Aviation. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Directory: world airlines – Linhas Aereas de Mocambique LAM" (pdf). Flight International: 90. 19 March 2002 – 25 March 2002. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  20. ^ a b "World Airline Directory | Linhas Aereas de Moçambique (LAM) [TM]" (pdf). Flight International: 67. 5 April 1995 – 11 April 1995. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  21. ^ a b "World Airline Directory | Linhas Aereas de Mocambique (LAM)" (pdf). Flight International: 105. 14 March 1990 – 20 March 1990. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  22. ^ "Other News - 12/16/2008". Air Transport World. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  23. ^ "Fleet | LAM Linhas Aereas de Mocambique". Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  24. ^ "LAM Linhas Aereas de Moçambique accident record". Aviation Safety Network. 28 November 2004. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 

External links

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