Myrsine

Myrsine
Myrsine alyxifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Myrsinaceae
Genus: Myrsine
L.
Species

See text.

Synonyms

Rapanea
Suttonia A.Rich.

Myrsine is a genus of flowering plants, the nominate genus of the family Myrsinaceae. It is found nearly worldwide, primarily in tropical and subtropical areas. It contains about 200 species,[1] including several notable radiations, such as the matipo of New Zealand and the kōlea of Hawaiʻi (the New Zealand "black matipo", Pittosporum tenuifolium, is not related to Myrsine). In the United States, members of this genus are known as colicwood. Some species, especially M. africana, are grown as ornamental shrubs.

The leathery, evergreen leaves are simple and alternate, with smooth or toothed margins and without stipules. The one-seeded, in dehiscent fruit is a thin-fleshed globose drupe. The flowers and fruits often do not develop until after leaf fall and thus appear naked on the branches. The fruits often do not mature until the year after flowering. The calyx is persistent.

The Pacific basin and New World species formerly separated in the genera Rapanea and Suttonia (distinguished from the African and Southeast Asian Myrsine sensu stricto by having the style absent and staminal tube and filaments completely adnate to the corolla) have now been included in Myrsine.[1]

Selected species

References

  1. ^ a b Wagner, W. L.; D. R. Herbst, and S. H. Sohmer (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 934. 
  2. ^ Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989) (PDF). Kōlea. United States Forest Service. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/forestry/data/CommonTreesHI/CFT_Myrsine_lessertiana.pdf. 
  3. ^ Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989) (PDF). Kōlea lau-liʻi. United States Forest Service. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/forestry/data/CommonTreesHI/CFT_Myrsine_sandwicensis.pdf. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Myrsĭne — (M. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Myrsineae, 5. Kl. 1. Ordn. L.; Arten: M. africana, auf dem Cap, immer grüner Strauch, 2 Fuß hoch, fast wie Preiselsbeeren; M. retusa, auf den Azoren u.a.m., zierliche, immergrüne, als Zierpflanzen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Myrsine —   Myrsine Myrsine africana …   Wikipedia Español

  • Myrsine — noun evergreen trees and shrubs having aromatic foliage; Africa; Asia (New Zealand) • Syn: ↑genus Myrsine • Hypernyms: ↑dicot genus, ↑magnoliopsid genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Myrsinaceae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Myrsine — ID 55529 Symbol Key MYRSI Common Name colicwood Family Myrsinaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution FL, HI, PR, VI Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Myrsine L. — Symbol MYRSI Common Name colicwood Botanical Family Myrsinaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • myrsine — myr·si·ne …   English syllables

  • Myrsine juddii — Conservation status Critically Imperiled (NatureServe) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Myrsine linearifolia — Conservation status Critically Imperiled (NatureServe) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Myrsine variabilis — growing on a sand dune at Wyrrabalong National Park, Australia Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Myrsine knudsenii — Conservation status Endangered (IUCN 2.3) Scientific classification Kin …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.