Paleohispanic languages


Paleohispanic languages

The Paleohispanic languages were the languages used in the Iberian peninsula before Latin became the dominant language. The term does not include the languages with a clear and known foreign origin like Greek or Phoenician.

Some of these languages were documented directly through inscriptions, mainly in Paleohispanic scripts, that date for sure between the 5th century BC, maybe from the 7th century in the opinion of some researchers, until the end of the 1st century BC or the beginning of the 1st century AD.

* Iberian language.
* Celtiberian language.
* Tartessian language (also known as southwestern language or South Lusitanian language).
* Lusitanian language.

Other Paleohispanic languages can only be identified indirectly through toponyms, anthroponyms or theonyms cited by Roman and Greek sources.

See also

* Aquitanian language
* Languages of Spain
* Languages of Portugal
* Iberian Romance languages
* Iberian languages
* Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

References

Further reading

* Correa, José Antonio (1994): «La lengua ibérica», "Revista española de lingüística" 24, 2, pp. 263-287.
* Jordán, Carlos (2004): "Celtibérico", Zaragoza.
* Hoz, Javier de (1995): «Tartesio, fenicio y céltico, 25 años después», "Tartessos 25 años después", pp. 591-607.
* Rodríguez Ramos, Jesús (2005): «Introducció a l'estudi de les inscripcions ibèriques», "Revista de la Fundació Privada Catalana per l'Arqueologia ibèrica", 1, pp. 13-144.
* Untermann, Jürgen : Monumenta Linguarum Hispanicarum, Wiesbaden. (1975): I Die Münzlegenden. (1980): "II Die iberischen Inschriften aus Sudfrankreicht". (1990): "III Die iberischen Inschriften aus Spanien". (1997): "IV Die tartessischen, keltiberischen und lusitanischen Inschriften".
* Velaza, Javier (1996): "Epigrafía y lengua ibéricas", Barcelona.

External links

* [http://www.webpersonal.net/jrr/ib1_en.htm Pre-roman languages and writing systems from Spain and Portugal - Jesús Rodríguez Ramos]
* [http://www.arqueotavira.com/Mapas/Iberia/Populi.htm Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)]


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