Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal

Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal

History of Portugal

History of Galicia


The Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal was formed in 1065 after the County of Portugal declared independence following the death of Ferdinand I of León. In 1065, Ferdinand I had divided his kingdom among his sons. Galicia was allotted to Garcia II of Galicia. The Count of Portugal, Nuno II Mendes, took advantage of the internal tension caused by the civil war between Ferdinand's sons to finally break off and declare himself an independent ruler. However, in 1071 king Garcia II defeated and killed him at the battle of Pedroso, and annexed his territory, adding the title of "King of Portugal" to his previous ones. In 1072, King Garcia II himself was defeated by his brother Sancho II of Castile and fled. In that same year, after Sancho's murder Alfonso VI became king of León and Castile; he imprisoned Garcia for life, proclaiming himself "King of Galicia and Portugal" as well, thus reuniting his father's realm. From that time Galicia remained part of the kingdom of Castile and León, although under differing degrees of self-government. Although it did not last for very long, the Kingdom set the stage for future Portuguese nationalism under Henry, Count of Portugal.

ee also

*History of Portugal
*The establishment of the monarchy in Portugal
*Timeline of Portuguese history
**Al' Garb Al'Andalus and the beginning of the Reconquista (8th to 9th Century)
**First County of Portugal (9th to 11th Century)
**Second County of Portugal (11th to 12th Century)
*List of Portuguese monarchs

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