Banganga or Banganga Tank (
Hindi: बान गंगा) is an ancient [ [http://www.mumbaimirror.com/net/mmpaper.aspx?page=article§id=2&contentid=2008010220080102050212875b34b07 Repairs at Banganga, January 02, 2008] ] water tank which is part of the Walkeshwar Temple Complex in Malabar Hillarea of Mumbaiin India.
The tank today is a rectangular pool structure surrounded by steps on all four sides. At the entrance are two pillars in which oil lamps called "diyas" were lit in ancient times.
The tank is spring fed and so its water remains sweet, despite being located only a few dozen meters away from the sea. It is cleaned and spruced up each year, for the annual 'Banganga Festival', of Music organised by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC), which takes place here in every January [ [http://www.mumbai.org.uk/banganga-festival.html Banganga Festival] ] , and now has become an important event in the cultural calendar of the city [ [http://travel.nytimes.com/travel/guides/asia/india/mumbai/attraction-detail.html?vid=1154654624795 Banganga at NY Times] ] . Apart from being a cultural hub, the place over the years has provided inspiration to many a artists, be it on film or on canvas [ [http://www.rayhassard.com/dataviewer.asp?keyvalue=5609&subkeyvalue=116504&page=WorksDetail Banganga in Pastel] ] . Earlier the site was used for many film shoots, which was banned in November 2007, to protect this heritage site, which is also one of Mumbai's oldest surviving structures [ [http://www.mumbaimirror.com/net/mmpaper.aspx?page=article§id=2&contentid=200711072007110702340696826c94cdb Shooting banned at Banganga, November 2007] ] .
Banganga in History
The Tank was built in the
1127AD, by Lakshman Prabhu, a minister in the court of Silhara dynastykings of Thane[ [http://www.gsbkonkani.net/TEMPLES/BANGANGA%20SHRI%20WALKESHWAR.htm Banganga, Walkeshwar history] ] [ [http://www.explocity.com/Mumbai/News/detailednews.asp?newsfeatureid=3932&tc=MUM&city=MUM&types=Static&channelname= Banganga] ] .
The tank was rebuilt in
1715AD, out of a donation for the Walkeshwar Templeby Rama Kamath[ [http://theory.tifr.res.in/bombay/architecture/building/walkeshwar.html Walkeshwar Temple History] ] . The main temple, has been reconstructed since then and is at present a reinforced concrete structure of recent construction.
Banganga in Mythology
According to local legend, it sprang forth when the
Hindugod Ram, the exiled hero of the epic Ramayana, stopped at the spot five thousand years ago in search of his kidnapped wife Sita.
As the legend goes, overcome with fatigue and thirst, Rama asked his brother
Laxmanto bring him some water. Laxman instantly shot an arrow into the ground, and water gushed forth from the ground, creating a tributary of the Ganges, which flows over a thousand miles away, hence its name, Banganga, the 'Ganga' created out on a 'Baan' (Arrow) [ [http://www.frommers.com/destinations/mumbai/A21959.html Destinations in Mumbai] ] .
The Banganga also houses the 'Shri Kashi Math' of the
Goud Saraswat Brahmins at its banks and samadhis of their various past heads of the Math [ [http://www.gsbkonkani.net/TEMPLES/BANGANGA%20SHRI%20WALKESHWAR.htm Gowd Saraswat Brahmin Math at Banganga] ] .
The area also has a Hindu cremation ground [ [http://www.lifepositive.com/Spirit/Nisargadatta_Maharaj/Of_Death_and_the_Deathless102006.asp Banganga cremation grounds] ] which after 2003, received a makeover to house a Gas crematorium [ [http://www.taph.com/restoration/banganga-to-undergo-makeover.html Banganga Crematorium Makeover] ] .
The area still has an old Hindu cemetery consisting of
samadhishrines of various Advaitagurus, such as Sri Ranjit Maharaj (1913-2000) and his guru Sri Siddarameshwar Maharaj (1888-1936) [ [http://www.nisargadatta.in/WebCMS/CMSPage.aspx?PageID=2 Meet the Sage] ] [ [http://www.straight.com/article/gurtu-takes-a-musical-trip?# Journey to Banganga, Trilok Gurtu] ] .
* [http://www.sacred-destinations.com/india/mumbai-banganga-tank.htm Banganga Tank History]
* [http://worldofstock.com/search_pages/banganga.php Images of Banganga]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Banganga (disambiguation) — Banganga might refer several water features:Water tanks* Banganga Tank, an ancient Water tank at Walkeshwar Temple Complex in Malabar Hill area of Mumbai City. * A water tank, in the Chintamani Ganesh Mandir complex, at Ujjain.… … Wikipedia
Mumbai — Bombay redirects here. For other uses, see Bombay (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Malabar Hill — For other uses, see Malabar (disambiguation). Malabar Hill neighbourhood … Wikipedia
Bombay — Mumbai Basisdaten Staat: Indien Bundesstaat … Deutsch Wikipedia
बॉम्बे — Mumbai Basisdaten Staat: Indien Bundesstaat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tanks of Bombay — Although long vanished, the city of Bombay (now Mumbai) once had many water tanks within its city limits. The tanks were once the only source of water to the city. The only testimony to their existence is the names of the roads in the vicinity… … Wikipedia
Mumbai — Mumbai … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walkeshwar Temple — Walkeshwar Temple, also known as the Baan Ganga Temple , is a temple dedicated to the Hindu god, Shiva located on Malabar Hill neighborhood, in South Mumbai precinct of the city of Mumbai, India.LegendLegend has it that Hindu god, Ram paused at… … Wikipedia
Silhara dynasty — The Hindu Silhara dynasty ruled the region around present day Mumbai between 810 and 1240.They were split into three branches; one branch ruled North Konkan, the second South Konkan (between 765 to 1029), while the third ruled what is now known… … Wikipedia
Lakshman Prabhu — was a minister in the court of the Silhara dynasty that ruled the islands that today constitute the Indian city of Mumbai. He is known for overseeing the construction of the famous Walkeshwar Temple and the adjoining Banganga Tankin 1127 AD.This… … Wikipedia