China Expeditionary Army

China Expeditionary Army
Active September 12, 1939 - August 15, 1945
Country Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Role Army group
Garrison/HQ Nanjing
Nickname Eishudan (栄集団 Prosperous?)
Engagements Second Sino-Japanese War

The China Expeditionary Army (支那派遣軍 Shina haken gun?) was an army group of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. It was responsible for all military operations in China, and at its peak had over 1 million soldiers under its command. In military literature, it is often referred to by the initials CEA.[1]

Contents

History

After the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, the Japanese China Garrison Army was reinforced with the Shanghai Expeditionary Army. This force was further supplemented by the Japanese Tenth Army, and marched inland from Shanghai to occupy Hangzhou. In October 1937, this force was renamed the Japanese Central China Area Army. After the fall of Nanking, the Central China Expeditionary Army was formed. On September 12, 1939 by Army Order 362, the China Expeditionary Army was formed with the merger of the Central China Expeditionary Army with the Northern China Area Army. It was headquartered in Nanjing throughout the Second Sino-Japanese War.

The North China Area Army was maintained as a subordinate unit headquartered in Peking and was responsible for operations in the north China plains from the Yellow River to the Great Wall, including Inner Mongolia.

The Japanese Sixth Area Army covered central and southern China, and several independent armies reporting directly to the central command in Nanjing were used for garrison, strategic reserve and for specific operations.

By the war's end it consisted of 620,000 men in one armored and 25 infantry divisions. It also contained over 22 Independent brigades; 11 infantry, 1 cavalry, and 10 mixed (combined infantry, artillery, armor and support units). Towards the end of the war much of its ammunition reserve and many of its units had been transferred into the Pacific Theater leaving the China Expeditionary Army weak and undermanned.

The China Expeditionary Army surrendered on August 15, 1945 but its troops remained armed to provide security until Allied troops arrived.

Commanders

Commanding officer

Name From To
1 General Toshizō Nishio 22 September 1939 1 March 1941
2 Field Marshal Shunroku Hata 1 March 1941 23 November 1944
3 General Yasuji Okamura 23 November 1944 9 September 1945

Chief of Staff

Name From To
1 General Seishirō Itagaki 4 September 1939 7 July 1941
2 Lieutenant General Jun Ushiroku 17 July 1941 17 August 1942
3 General Masakazu Kawabe 17 August 1942 18 March 1943
4 Lieutenant General Takuro Matsui 18 March 1943 1 February 1945
5 Lieutenant General Asasaburo Kobayashi 1 February 1945 September 1945

See also

References

  • Dorn, Frank (1974). The Sino-Japanese War, 1937-41: From Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor. MacMillan.. isbn = 0025322001. 
  • Harries, Meirion (1994). Soldiers of the Sun: The Rise and Fall of the Imperial Japanese Army. Random House; Reprint edition. ISBN 0-679-75303-6. 
  • Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1841763543. 
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW. 

External links

Notes

  1. ^ Jowett, The Japanese Army 1931-45

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indochina Expeditionary Army — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Indochina Expeditionary Army caption= dates= 1940 09 07 1941 07 05 country= Empire of Japan allegiance= branch= Imperial Japanese Army type= Infantry role= Army Corps garrison= nickname= battles=Invasion of French …   Wikipedia

  • Shanghai Expeditionary Army — The Shanghai Expeditionary Army was formed in January 1932 for the January 28 Incident and in August 16th, 1937 for the Battle of Shanghai and Battle of Nanking. It was disbanded on 7 November 1937, its units being incorporated into the Japanese… …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese Southern China Area Army — Japanese South China Area Army Active February 9, 1940 June 26, 1941 Country Empire of Japan Branch Imperial Japanese Army Type Infantry …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese Central China Area Army — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Japanese Central China Area Army caption= General Matsui enters Nanjing dates= 1937 11 07 1938 02 14 country= Empire of Japan allegiance= branch= Imperial Japanese Army type= Infantry role= Field Army… …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese Northern China Area Army — Active August 21, 1937 August 15, 1945 Country Empire of Japan Branch Imperial Japanese Army Type Infantry …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese China Garrison Army — Active 1 June 1901 – 26 August 1937 Country Empire of Japan Branch Imperial Japanese Army Type Infantry …   Wikipedia

  • Expeditionary warfare — is used to describe the organization of a state s military to fight abroad, especially when deployed to fight away from its established bases at home or abroad. Expeditionary forces were in part the antecedent of the modern concept of Rapid… …   Wikipedia

  • Army group — An army group is a military organization consisting of several field armies, which is self sufficient for indefinite periods. It is usually responsible for a particular geographic area. An army group is the largest field organization handled by a …   Wikipedia

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.