Frederick Henry, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt


He was the fourth (sixth in order of birth) but third surviving son of Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz and his second wife, Dorothea Marie of Saxe-Weimar.


In Öls on 23 April 1699, Frederick Heinrich married firstly with Sophie Angelika of Württemberg-Bernstadt. Shortly after, his older brother, the duke Maurice Wilhelm of Saxe-Zeitz, give him the towns of Pegau and Neustadt as appanage. From this moment, he assumed the title of Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt ("Herzog von Sachsen-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt"). His wife Sophie died after only nineteen months of marriage, on 11 November 1700.

In Moritzburg on 27 February 1702, Frederick married secondly with Anna Fredericka Philippine of Scheleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg. They had two children:

#Maurice Adolf Karl (b. Moritzburg, 1 December 1702 - d. Pöltenberg, 20 June 1759), Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt (1713-18), Bishop of Hradec Kralove (Königrgrätz) (1732) and Litomerice (Leitmeritz) (1733-52),
#Dorothea Charlotte (b. Moritzburg, 20 May 1708 - d. Moritzburg, 8 November 1708).

The death of his nephew, the Hereditary Duke Frederick August (17 February 1710), make him the heir apparent of the duchy of Saxe-Zeitz, because his immediate older brother, Christian August, was a priest.

Nevertheless, he died three years later, five before his brother the duke Maurice Wilhelm. His only son, Maurice Adolf Karl, succeded him in Pegau-Neustadt, but, still a minor, he was placed under the custody of his uncle the duke Maurice Wilhelm and became in the new heir apparent of Saxe-Zeitz. However, soon afterwards (1718) the young Maurice Adolf became a priest and renounced to his claims over the duchy, by which the extinction of the Saxe-Zeitz line became inevitably.

Without other male heir, after the death of Maurice Wilhelm, Zeitz was finally merged by the Electorate of Saxony.

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