Hébertists


Hébertists

The Hébertists were the partisans of Jacques Hébert, the radical revolutionary journalist, in the Legislative Assembly and National Convention during the French Revolution.

They were ardent supporters of the Cult of Reason, supported using force to dechristianize France, and were opposed to Robespierre's Cult of the Supreme Being. They were also the principal orchestrators of the fall of the Girondists in June 1793, demanded revolutionary war both within France and across Europe, and put pressure on the National Convention to pass radical measures, both political (the "loi des suspects", September 17 1793) and economic (the "loi du maximum général", September 1793).

The Committee of Public Safety, increasingly disturbed by their radical demands, ordered the arrest of the Hébertists, and the leaders of the movement, including Jacques Hébert himself, were guillotined on March 24 1794. Their disappearance profoundly disoriented the sans-culottes.

Principal Hébertistes

* Jacques-Claude Bernard
* Pierre-Gaspard Chaumette
* François Chabot
* Pierre-Ulric Dubuisson
* Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gobel
* Collot d'Herbois
* Stanislas-Marie Maillard
* Jacob Pereira
* François-Nicolas Vincent

Further reading

* Morris Slavin: "The Hébertists to the guillotine - anatomy of a „conspiracy“ in revolutionary France. " Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge 1994, ISBN 0-8071-1838-9.
* Antoine Agostini: "La pensée politique de Jacques-René Hébert (1790-1794)." Presses universitaires d'Aix-Marseille, Aix-en-Provence 1999, ISBN 2-7314-0193-1

:"This article is based on a translation of the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia.


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