The Most Reverend
deathstyle=not applicable |
Patrick Fernández Flores (
July 26, 1929), is a Roman Catholiccleric and was Archbishopof San Antonio from 1979 until 2004. Flores was the first Mexican Americanto become a bishopof the Roman Catholic Church.
in 1929, Flores born to Patrico and Trinidad Fernandez de Flores, Mexican immigrants and
migrant workers, in Ganado, Texas. In the tenth grade he considered dropping out of school after his father had become ill, but was persuaded to stay after a bishop agreed to finance his education. He worked as a janitorat a local cantina and decided to make the world a cleaner and more habitable place by becoming a priest.
He graduated from Catholic Kirwin High School (now
O'Connell Consolidated High School) in Galveston, Texas. He studied at St. Mary's Seminary in La Porte, Texasand at St. Mary's Seminary in Houston. He received his divinity degree and was ordained a priest on 26 May 1956by bishop Wendellin Noldin Galveston. He then served as a parish priest in the Diocese of Galveston-Houston.
In the early 1960s, he directed the
Christian Family Movementin the Galveston-Houston diocese and the Bishop's Committee for the Spanish Speaking, a ministry that encouraged bilingual congregations. Later, in October 1969, Flores joined forty-seven other Hispanic priests to establish PADRES"Padres Asociados para Derechos Religiosos, Educativos, y Sociales" (Spanish for "Priests Associated for Religious, Education, and Social Rights"), an organization meant to draw attention to the problems of Hispanics in the church and society.
As bishop and archbishop
5 May 1970he was ordained a bishop with Luigi Cardinal Raimondias the principle consecrator. He was appointed as auxiliary to the archbishop of San Antonio. Also in May 1970, Flores was appointed chairman of the Texas State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, and that July he became national chaplain for the League of United Latin American Citizens. In 1972, he was co-founder and honorary chairman of the Mexican-American Cultural Centerin San Antonio.
In 1978 he was appointed bishop of the
Roman Catholic Diocese of El Pasoand then in 1979 the Archbishop the of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Antonio, which was, at the time, the largest ecclesiastical provincein the United States.
In 1980, Flores became a member of the Hispanic Caucus Committee, and in 1981, he founded
Catholic Television of San Antonio, the first diocesan television station in the United States. In 1997, when Billy Grahamheadlined a religious crusade at the Alamodome, Flores taped radio spots in English and Spanish to promote the event. Graham later credited Flores for the large response from the area's largely Catholic Hispanic community.
Flores' suit against the city of
Boerne, Texasin his bid to expand St. Peter's Church there led to the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision " City of Boerne v. Flores" (1997), which struck down certain provisions of the Religious Freedom Restoration Actof 1993 as unconstitutionally exceeding the powers granted to the Congress under Section Five of the Fourteenth Amendment.
His motto is "Laborabo non mihi sed omnibus", "I work not for myself but for others". [cite web |url=http://www.mysanantonio.com/specials/religion/archbishop_flores/ |title=Archbishop Patrick Flores |accessdate=2007-10-21 |format= |work= ]
June 2000 hostage situation
27 June 2000, Nelson Antonio Escolero, a native of El Salvadorand a legal U.S. resident, held Flores hostage for over nine hours in his office in the Catholic Chancery. Escolero had been arrested for driving with a suspended license and feared that he would be deported. Armed with a fake grenade, he also held the archbishop's secretary Myrtle Sanchez for the first two hours of the stand-off. Police hostage negotiators had been in contact with Escolero throughout the day, but were taken by surprise when he released Flores and surrendered in the evening. [cite news |first=Joe |last=Holley |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Thank God!; Archbishop freed unharmed after 9 hours |url=http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/religion/stories/MYSA062900.flores.74a4a2f6.html |work= |publisher=Express-News |date= 2000-06-29|accessdate=2007-10-21 ]
Throughout the crisis, which was extensively covered on live television city residents of many faiths prayed and hoped for a man held in high esteem throughout the community.
After reaching the mandatory retirement age of 75, Flores retired from his position on
29 December 2004and became Archbishop emeritus.
October 6 2007, "A Migrant's Masterpiece" an hour long documentary depicting Flores' life premiered in San Antonio. Directed by Hector Galan, it seeks to place the archbishop's life in the context of "the history of Latinos in Texas, [and] the Civil Rights Movement in Texas" according to Pat Rogers, communications director for the Archdiocese of San Antonio. The film was funded through private donations to the Archdiocese and uses rare archival film and interviews with the Flores' family. It is set to air on American public television in the future. [cite news |first=Deborah |last=Knapp |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Archbishop Emeritus Patrick Flores' life featured in film |url=http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/metro/stories/MYSA092707.floresfilm.KENS.1187764d9.html |work= |publisher=KENS 5 Eyewitness News |date= 2007-09-28|accessdate=2007-10-21 ]
* [http://www.mysanantonio.com/specials/religion/archbishop_flores/ Special section] - San Antonio Express-News
* [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bflores.html Bishop Flores] at Catholic hierarchy
* [http://biography.jrank.org/pages/3096/Flores-Patrick-1929-Roman-Catholic-Archbishop.html Biography] at jrank.org
* [http://www.answers.com/topic/patrick-fernandez-flores Biography] at Answers.com
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