Grammar framework

In theoretical linguistics, the following fundamental approaches towards constructing grammar frameworks for natural languages are distinguished:

*Generative grammar: algorithmic (phrase structure grammars)
**Transformational grammar (1960s)
**Generalised phrase structure grammar (late 1970s)
***Head-driven phrase structure grammar (1985)
***Principles and parameters (1980s)
**Lexical functional grammar
**Categorial grammar (lambda calculus)
***Montague grammar
*Dependency grammar (Lucien Tesnière 1959)
**Link grammar
*Cognitive grammar / Cognitive linguistics
**Construction grammar
***Fluid Construction Grammar
**Word grammar
*Stochastic grammar: probabilistic
**Operator Grammar
*Functional grammar: usage-oriented (behaviorist)
**Danish Functionalism
**Systemic functional grammar
**Role and reference grammar

;notation schemes
*Constraint Grammar
*Tree-adjoining grammar
*Affix grammar over a finite lattice
*Lambda calculus
*X-bar theory
*Backus–Naur form

ee also

*Formal grammar
*Linguistics Wars

External links

* [ Grammar Framework computer concept] .

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grammar Explorer — is a language learning resource that was co funded by the European Commission as part of its [ en.html Lingua programme] within the SOCRATES programme. The grammar is based on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Grammar — is the field of linguistics that covers the rules governing the use of any given natural language. It includes morphology and syntax, often complemented by phonetics, phonology, semantics, and pragmatics. Each language has its own distinct… …   Wikipedia

  • Grammar school — A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English speaking countries.In the modern United States, the term is synonymous with elementary school.The original purpose of …   Wikipedia

  • Construction grammar — The term construction grammar (CxG) covers a family of theories, or models, of grammar that are based on the idea that the primary unit of grammar is the grammatical construction rather than the atomic syntactic unit and the rule that combines… …   Wikipedia

  • Constraint Grammar — (CG) is a methodological paradigm for Natural language processing (NLP). Linguist written, context dependent rules are compiled into a grammar that assigns grammatical tags ( readings ) to words or other tokens in running text. Typical tags… …   Wikipedia

  • Context-free grammar — In formal language theory, a context free grammar (CFG) is a formal grammar in which every production rule is of the form V → w where V is a single nonterminal symbol, and w is a string of terminals and/or nonterminals (w can be empty). The… …   Wikipedia

  • Formal grammar — In formal semantics, computer science and linguistics, a formal grammar (also called formation rules) is a precise description of a formal language ndash; that is, of a set of strings over some alphabet. In other words, a grammar describes which… …   Wikipedia

  • Lexical functional grammar — (LFG) is a grammar framework in theoretical linguistics, a variety of generative grammar. The development of the theory was initiated by Joan Bresnan and Ronald Kaplan in the 1970s, in reaction to the direction research in the area of… …   Wikipedia

  • Link Grammar Parser — The Link Grammar Parser or LinkParser is a parser for English which analyzes sentences using the Link Grammar framework.It was written by Davy Temperley, Daniel Sleator, and John Lafferty of Carnegie Mellon University. Examples * Find the verb in …   Wikipedia

  • Stochastic grammar — A stochastic grammar (statistical grammar) is a grammar framework with a probabilistic notion of grammaticality: *Stochastic context free grammar *Statistical parsing *Data oriented parsing *Hidden Markov model *Estimation theoryStatistical… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.