Ranks and insignia of the Nazi Party
Ranks and insignia of the Nazi Party were paramilitary titles used by the
National Socialist German Workers Party(NSDAP) between 1925 and 1945. Such ranks were held by the political leadership corps of the Nazi Party, charged with the overseeing of the regular Nazi Mitglieder who were the regular rank and file Nazi Party members.
The first purpose of the Nazi party political ranks was to provide election district leadership positions during the years where the Nazis were attempting to come to power in Germany. After 1933, when the
Third Reichhad been established, Nazi Party ranks played a much more important role existing as a political chain of command operating side by side with the German government.
After 1933, workers in the German government wore a variety of uniforms in keeping with the German tendency of the time to put almost everyone in state service into some sort of uniform. The various cabinets and agencies of Nazi Germany each had their own types of uniforms and insignia, with a state employee also having the option to wear a Nazi party uniform, a uniform of a Nazi paramilitary groups (such as the SS), or (if the person was a reservist in the military as well as a state worker), a uniform of the
Wehrmacht. This created an extremely confusing array of titles, ranks, and uniforms which has also caused historical difficulty in determining the various positions and titles which senior members of the German government held.
In general, Nazi Party leaders also employed as leaders of government offices, were known as political leaders or "Politische Leitung". The services they performed were primarily administrative - managing the day to day business of government. The highest level of authority within the state, apart from the federal government under Hitler, was the level of Gauleiter - "province leader"
The position of "Reichsleiter" was reserved for the most senior of all government officials and there were only 16 people who ever held this title during the reign of Nazi Germany.
Individuals just starting in government service were required to attend a political leader's school prior to being eligible for any significant advancement in grade. Any position higher than the most basic position required membership in the NSDAP.
In addition to the confusing array of Nazi titles, state uniforms, and Party ranks, there also existed the original government of Germany to include such historic positions as "
Burgermeister" (town mayor). Such individuals could also hold the approximate equivalent of a Nazi Party position or be unconnected to the Party. In many cases, Nazi officials existed side by side with local government authoirites with the local government existing as a rubber stamp to Nazi designs.
Nazi Party Titles
Adolf Hitler, who served as Führerof the Nazi Party, obviously held the highest possible Nazi Party rank. Albert Speer(in his book "Inside the Third Reich") remarked that Hitler was the only party member to wear an embroidered "eagle of sovereignty badge" on his civilian jackets (every other member wearing the round party badge), though the jacket design itself did not differ from other civilian jackets of the time. This "Führer Badge" was the only unique insignia created to denote his rank, and was quietly retired when the Golden Party Badgewas created.
Prior to 1939, Hitler wore a brown paramilitary uniform, considered the uniform of the
Oberste SA-Führer(Supreme Storm Trooper Commander). Upon the outbreak of World War II, Hitler adopted a grey army style uniform, without any particular insignia, with Hitler pledging that he was the “first soldier” of the German Reich and would wear his army style uniform until “victory has been achieved or I will not survive the outcome”.
Other high Nazi positions, that did not entail any particular insignia, included the office of
Deputy Führerheld by Rudolf Hessuntil he personally flew his Messerschmitt Bf110 fighter plane to Scotland and crash landed at Eaglesham. He was captured, imprisoned and then sent to England. The office of Deputy Führer was abolished after this. Martin Bormannheld the title of Party Secretary, during which time he wore the uniform of a Nazi Reichsleiter. Bormann would later take up cabinet level positions in the German government, after which he wore the uniform of an SS- Obergruppenführer.
Nazi Party Ranks
1938 – 1945
1925 – 1929
Encyclopedia of the Third Reich
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