Infobox Defunct Company
company_name = Home Lines
Holland America Line
Ocean linerand cruise shiptraffic
Eugen Eugenides, Vernicos Eugenides
National Hellenic American Line
Home Lines was an Italian passenger
shipping companythat operated both ocean linersand cruise ships. The company was founded in 1946, and it ceased operations in 1988 when merged into Holland America Line. Although based in Genoa, Homes Lines was an international company with ships registered in Panama, while the original company chairman Eugen Eugenideswas Greek. By the time Home Lines was merged into Holland America, they were one of the most highly regarded cruise lines in the world.cite web |url=http://www.simplonpc.co.uk/HomeLinePCs.html |title=Home Lines |accessdate=2008-01-08 |author=Ian Boyle |work= [http://www.simplonpc.co.uk/ Simplon Postcards] ]
Home Lines were connected to
Cosulich Lines, Swedish American Lineand Hamburg-America Line. Eugen Eugenides' adopted son Vernicos Eugenidesfounded the Hamburg Atlantic Linein 1958, and he later served as the CEO of both Home Lines and Hamburg Atlantic Line.
Home Lines was founded in 1946 in
Genoa, with Swedish American Lineand Cosulich Linesas major shareholders.cite web |url=http://www.greatoceanliners.net/virginian.html |title=Virginian/Drottningholm/Brasil/Homeland |accessdate=2008-01-10 |author=Henrik Ljungström |work= [http://www.greatoceanliners.net/ The Great Ocean Liners] ] [cite web |url=http://www.simplonpc.co.uk/SwedishAmericaPCs.html |title=Swedish American Line |accessdate=2008-02-20 |author=Ian Boyle |work=Simplon Postcards ] The connection with Swedish American Line was reflected in the funnel colours of the new company - both SAL and Home Lines had yellow funnels with a blue disc containing crown(s); Home Lines' funnels differed from those of SAL only by featuring one arched crown instead of three circlet crowns. [cite web |url=http://www.oceanlinermuseum.co.uk/Home%20Lines%20history.html |title=Home Lines (Est. 1946) |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author= |work= [http://www.oceanlinermuseum.co.uk/ The Ocean Liner Virtual Museum] ] In the same year, the company purchased their first ship, the "Bergensfjord" from Norwegian America Line, which was renamed "Argentina" and placed on transatlantic routes from Genoa to South America in 1947. Although operated by Home Lines, the ship was managed by Cosulich Lines. Already in 1946 Home Lines had purchased a second ship, the Swedish American liner "Drottningholm", but that ship was not delivered to the company until 1948, when she was renamed "Brasil" and placed alongside the "Argentina" on Genoa—South America service.cite web |url=http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/virginian_1905.htm |title=S/S Virginian (1905) |accessdate=2008-01-08 |author=Micke Asklander |work= [http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/ Fakta om Fartyg] |language=in Swedish ] In 1948 Home Lines purchased another former Swedish American ship, "Kungsholm", that was renamed "Italia", [cite web |url=http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/kungsholm_1928.htm |title=M/S Kungsholm (1928) |accessdate=2008-01-08 |author=Micke Asklander |work= [http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/ Fakta om Fartyg] |language=in Swedish ] as well as the former Matson Linesship "Matsonia", which entered service in 1949 after a reconstruction as the first "Atlantic".cite web |url=http://www.ssmaritime.com/malolo-matsonia.htm |title=Matson Line: SS Malolo – Matsonia |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author=Reuben Goossens |work= [http://www.ssmaritime.com/ ss Maritime] ] The "Brasil" and "Italia" were managed by South Atlantic Lines, which was owned by the same company as Swedish American Line.
In 1949 the "Italia" was transferred to Genoa—
New Yorkservice,cite web |url=http://www.greatoceanliners.net/kungsholm2.html |title=Kungsholm (II)/Italia |accessdate=2008-01-10 |author=Henrik Ljungström |work= [http://www.greatoceanliners.net/ The Great Ocean Liners] ] marking the beginning of Home Lines' gradual change from the Genoa—South America service to North Atlantic service from Genoa and Germanyto New York as well as Southamptonto Canada. "Brasil" was rebuilt and renamed "Homeland" in 1951, [cite web |url=http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/home.htm |title=Home Lines |accessdate=2008-01-09 |work= [http://www.theshipslist.com/ The Ships List] ] coinciding with her move to Hamburg— Southampton—Halifax—New York service. While on this route she was managed by Hamburg-America Line. However, the "Homeland" was transferred to Genoa— Naples— Barcelona—New York service already in 1952, after being replaced by the "Italia" on the Germany—New York service. The "Italia" in turn came to be managed by Hamburg-America Line while on the service from Germany. The "Argentina" was sold to Zim Linesin 1953 and renamed "Jerusalem", while the "Atlantic" was transferred to National Hellenic American Linein 1954 and renamed "Queen Frederica". Home Lines had purchased the laid-up "Mariposa" from Matson Lines in 1953; she entered service in 1954 as the first "Homeric". By 1955 at the latest Home Lines began making cruises from New York to The Bahamasduring the winter season. The "Homeland" was sold for scrap in 1955, leaving Home Lines with just two ships, "Italia" and "Homeric". In 1958 Home Lines abandoned transatlantic traffic to New York (leaving it to Hamburg Atlantic Line). [cite web |url=http://www.simplonpc.co.uk/HamburgAtlantik.html |title=Hamburg Atlantic Line |accessdate=2008-01-08 |author=Ian Boyle |work= [http://www.simplonpc.co.uk/ Simplon Postcards] ] In the same year the "Italia" was refitted and placed on Hamburg— Quebecservice. In 1961 Home Lines gave up transatlantic traffic completely when the "Italia" was transferred to New York—Bahamas cruise service. Three years later the ship was sold to Freeport Bahama Enterprisesfor use as a floating hotel.
In 1965 Home Lines took delivery of their first purpose-built ship, "Oceanic", which replaced the ageing Italia.cite web |url=http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/oceanic_1965.htm |title=S/S Oceanic (1965) |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author=Micke Asklander |work= [http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/ Fakta om Fartyg] |language=in Swedish ] Although marketed as "the largest ship ever designed for year round cruises", [cite web |url=http://www.simplonpc.co.uk/OceanicPCs.html |title=Oceanic |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author=Ian Boyle |work= [http://www.simplonpc.co.uk/ Simplon Postcards] ] the ship had in fact been originally designed as a two-class liner/cruise ship before Home Lines abandoned transatlantic crossings, and adapted to full-time cruising during construction. [cite web |url=http://www.ssmaritime.com/oceanic.htm |title=SS Oceanic |accessdate=2008-01-11 |author=Reuben Goossens |work= [http://www.ssmaritime.com/ ssMaritime] ] The "Oceanic" entered service on the New York—Bahamas cruise route, and the "Homeric" was transferred to cruising on the
Caribbean. The "Homeric" suffered a major fire in the galleys and restaurants in 1973, and had to be withdrawn from service and scrapped. As a replacement Home Lines purchased the second "Hanseatic" from German Atlantic Line(Hamburg Atlantic Line after a name change), renaming her "Doric".cite web |url=http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/shalom_1964.htm |title=T/S Shalom (1964) |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author=Micke Asklander |work= [http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/ Fakta om Fartyg] |language=in Swedish ] At the same time Home Lines had also considered purchasing the "Bergensfjord" from Norwegian America Line, but the deal was not realised. [cite web |url=http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/bergensfjord_1956.htm |title=M/S Bergensfjord (1956) |accessdate=2008-01-19 |author=Micke Asklander |work= [http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/ Fakta om Fartyg] |language=in Swedish ] In 1976 the company made a bid to purchase the laid-up Italian Lineships "Michelangelo" and "Raffaello", but the offer was turned down by the Italian Line. [cite web |url=http://www.michelangelo-raffaello.com/english_site/service_michelangelo/service_mich_page3/service_mich3.htm |title=Service of Michelangelo (page 3) |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author=Mario C. & Kalle Id |work= [http://www.michelangelo-raffaello.com/ Project Michelangelo] ] [cite web |url=http://www.michelangelo-raffaello.com/english_site/service_raffaello/service_raff_page3/service_raff3.htm |title=Service of Raffaello (page 3) |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author=Mario C. & Kalle Id |work= [http://www.michelangelo-raffaello.com/ Project Michelangelo] ]
In preparation for the delivery of the new "Atlantic" in 1982, the "Doric" was sold to
Royal Cruise Line, becoming their "Royal Odyssey". When delivered in April 1982, the "Atlantic" took over the New York—Bahama cruise service.cite web |url=http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/atlantic_1982.htm |title=M/S Atlantic (1982) |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author=Micke Asklander |work= [http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/ Fakta om Fartyg] |language=in Swedish ] Another new ship, the second "Homeric", was ordered for delivery in 1986, and in preparation for that the "Oceanic" was sold to Premier Cruise Linein 1985, becoming their "Starship Oceanic".cite web |url=http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/homeric_1986.htm |title=M/S Homeric (1986) |accessdate=2008-01-09 |author=Micke Asklander |work= [http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/ Fakta om Fartyg] |language=in Swedish ] Home Lines continued operating until 1988, when the company was purchased by Holland America Lineand its operation merged into those of Holland America. The "Atlantic" was sold to Premier Cruise Line, becoming "Starship Atlantic", while the "Homeric" became HAL's "Westerdam".
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