A rental agreement is a
contract, usually written, between the owner of a property and a renter who desires to have temporary possession of the property. As a minimum, the agreement identifies the parties, the property, the term of the rental, and the amount of rent for the term. The owner of the property may be referred to as the lessor and the renter as the lessee.
In addition to the above, a car rental agreement may include various restrictions on the way a renter can use a car, and the condition in which it must be returned. For example, some rentals cannot be driven off-road, or out of the country, or towing a trailer, without specific permission. In New Zealand you may have to specifically endorse a promise that the car will not be driven onto Ninety-mile Beach (because of the hazardous tides).
There will certainly be a requirement to show a
driver's license, and only those drivers appearing on the contract may be authorized to drive. It may include an option to purchase auto insurance(motor insurance, UK), if the renter does not already have a policy to cover rentals -- another important consideration for multiple drivers. Some agencies may even require a bond payable if the car is not returned in order, often held in the form of a credit-card authorization -- voided if the car is returned per agreement. A renter should be advised that he or she will be responsible for any parking or traffic violations incurred upon the vehicle during the rental period. There should also be advice on handling thefts, accidents, break-downs, and towing.
Further terms may include added fees for late returns, drop-off at a different location, or failure to top up the petrol immediately before the return.
Finally, there may be provisions for making a non-refundable deposit with a booking, terms for payment of the initial period (with discounts, vouchers, etc), extended periods, and any damages or other fees that accrue prior to the return.
Real estate rental
A rental agreement is often called a
lease, especially when real estateis rented. In addition to the basics of a rental (who, what, when, how much), a real estate rental may go into much more detail on these and other issues. The real estate may be rented for housing, parkinga vehicle(s), storage, business, agricultural, institutional, or government use, or other reasons.
* Who: The parties involved in the contract, the lessor (sometimes called the owner or
landlord) and the lessee (sometimes called the renter or tenant) are identified in the contract. A housing lease may specify whether the renter is living alone, with family, children, room-mate, visitors. A rental may delineate the rights and obligations of each of these. For example, a "sub-let" to a stranger might not be permitted without permission of the landlord. This also applies to whether or not pets may be kept by the renter. On the other hand, the renter may also have specific rights against intrusions by the landlord (or other tenants), except under emergency circumstances. A renter is in possession of the property, and a landlord would be trespassing upon the renter's rights if entry is made without proper notice and authority (e.g., 24 hours' notice, daytime, knock first, except for emergency repairs, in case of fire, flood, etc).
* What: Rented real estate may include all or part of almost any
real property, such as an apartment, house, building, business office(s) or suite, land, farm, or merely an inside or outside space to park a vehicle, or store things. The premises rented may include not only specific rooms, but also access to other common areas such as off-street parking, basement or attic storage, laundry facility, pool, roof-deck, balconies, etc. The agreement may specify how and when these places may be used, and by whom. There may be detailed description of the current condition of the premises, for comparison with the condition at the time the premises are surrendered.
* When: the term of the rental may be for a night (e.g., a hotel room), weeks, months, or years. There may be statutory provisions requiring registration of any rental that could extend for more than a specified number of years (e.g., seven) in order to be enforceable against a new landlord.:A typical rental is either annual or month-to-month, and the amount of rent may be different for long-term renters (because of lower turnover costs). Leaving a long-term lease before its expiration could result in penalties, or even the cost of the entire agreed period (if the landlord is unable to find a suitable replacement tenant, after diligent pursuit). If a tenant stays beyond the end of a lease for a term of years (one or more), then the parties may agree that the lease will be automatically renewed, or it may simply convert to a tenancy at will (month-to-month) at the pro-rated monthly cost of the previous annual lease. If a tenant at will is given notice to quit the premises, and refuses to do so, the landlord then begins eviction proceedings. In many places it is completely illegal to change locks on doors, or remove personal belongings, let alone forcibly eject a person, without a court order of eviction. There may be strict rules of procedure, and stiff penalties (triple damages, plus attorneys' fees) for violations.
* How much: Rent may be payable monthly, annually, or in advance, or as otherwise agreed. A typical arrangement for tenancy at will is "first and last month's rent" plus a security deposit. The "last month's rent" is rent that has yet to be earned by the landlord. The security deposit is often handled as an
escrowdeposit, owned by the tenant, but held by the landlord until the premises are surrendered in good condition (ordinary wear and tear excepted). In some states, the landlord must provide the tenant with the name and account number of the bank where the security deposit is held, and pay annual interest to the tenant. Other regulations may require the landlord to submit a list of pre-existing damage to the property, or forfeit the security deposit immediately (because there is no way to determine whether a prior tenant was responsible).
In order to rent or lease in many apartment buildings, a renter (also referred to as a “
lessee") is often required to provide proof of renters insurancebefore signing the rental agreement. There is a special type of the homeowners insurancein the United Statesspecifically for renters — HO-4. This is commonly referred to as renter’s insuranceor renter's coverage. Similar to condominiumcoverage, referred to as a HO-6 policy, a renter's insurance policy covers those aspects of the apartmentand its contents not specifically covered in the blanket policywritten for the complex. This policycan also cover liabilities arising from accidents and intentional injuries for guests as well as passers-by up to 150' of the domicile. Renter’s policies provide "named peril" coverage, meaning the policy states specifically what you are insured against. Common coverageareas are:
Vandalismor Malicious Mischief
* Accidental Discharge of Water [ [http://www.geico.com/information/aboutinsurance/renters/ "About Renter’s Insurance", ”Geico”] Retrieved 3 May 2008] Additional events including riot, aircraft, explosion, smoke, hail, falling objects,
volcanic eruption, snow, sleet, and weight of ice may also be covered. [note_label|PI|2002: 5.3–5.4|nonecite book
last = Wiening
first = Eric
coauthors = George Rejda, Constance Luthardt, Cheryl Ferguson
title = Personal Insurance
edition = 1st edition
year = 2002
publisher = American Institute for Chartered Property Casualty Underwriters/Insurance Institute of America
id = ISBN 0-89463-108-X
chapterurl = ]
* [http://www.nupplegal.com/free-rental-agreement.html Rental Agreement: Sample Form]
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