Strato II

Strato II "Soter" was an Indo-Greek king. He (reigned circa 25 BCE to 10CE) according to Bopearachchi. RC Senior suggests that his reign ended perhaps a decade earlier.

Strato II ruled in the eastern Punjab, probably retaining the capital of Sagala (modern Sialkot, Pakistan), or possibly to the city of Bucephala (Plutarch, p. 48 n. 5).

His territory was invaded by Rajuvula, Indo-Scythian king of Mathura, and he became the last of the Indo-Greek kings, together with his grandson and co-regent, Strato (III) Philopator (sometimes misspelt Philopaptor), who is included on some of his coins. A silver coin with a different portrait and the inscription Strato Dikaios may belong to Strato III as sole ruler, or to a fourth king named Strato. [R.C. Senior, New Indo-Greek Coins, ONS Journal 186, 2005] . (Given that the coins of Strato I have lately been attributed to two different kings, there may actually have been as many as five kings named Strato.)

Just like the earlier king Strato I, the last Stratons I are thought to belong to the dynasty of Menander I, who also used the epithet Soter and the symbol of standing Pallas Athena.

Coins of Strato II, III and Strato Dikaios

[
thumb|350px|Coin_of_Strato II and Strato III.
Obv: Probable bust of Strato II. Greek

Rev: Athena holding a thunderbolt. Kharoshthi
Bopearachchi and other scholars from numismatical evidence alone. The coins deteriorated continuously, Strato's coins being the most debased and crude in style, a striking contrast to earlier kings who struck some of the most beautiful coins of antiquity.

The decay was due to the increasing pressure of the Indo-Scythian nomads on the remaining Greek pockets, as well as their long isolation from the rest of the Hellenistic world.Subsequent Indo-Scythian rulers, such as Bhadayasa designed their coins in direct imitation of those of Strato II.

Strato II and Strato Dikaios struck debased silver drachms, which as mentioned portray Pallas on the reverse. Strato II appears as an old man with a sunken jaw on some of his coins, which is not surprising given that he had his grandson was co-regent.

Strato II also issued bronzes and even lead coins of the common type Apollo/tripod. On some of Strato II's silver drachms the letter sigma is written as C, a not uncommon trait on late Hellenistic coins in the east.


ee also

* Indo-Greek Kingdom
* Greco-Buddhism
* Indo-Scythians

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strato I — was an Indo Greek king who was the son of the Indo Greek queen Agathokleia, who presumably acted as his regent during his early years after Strato s father, another Indo Greek king, was killed. Date and genealogyUntil recently, consensus was that …   Wikipedia

  • Strato — AG Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1997 Sitz Berlin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Strato AG — Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 1997 Unternehmenssitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • strato- — ♦ Élément, du lat. stratum « chose étendue ». I. ⇒STRATO 1, élém. formant I. Élém. tiré du lat. stratus « étendu », de sternere « étendre », entrant au sens de « couche » dans la constr. de qq. termes sav.; le 2e élém. est un subst. V.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Strato — Strato,   deutscher Internetanbieter mit Sitz in Berlin. Das Unternehmen wurde 1994 unter dem Namen »New Media Consulting« in Frankfurt am Main gegründet. 1997 zog die Firma nach Berlin um, gleichzeitig wurde die Geschäftsform in eine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • strato — v. strati . Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN  STRATO elem. strati . Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Strato I. — Strato I. (auch Straton I.) ist der Name mehrerer antiker Herrscher: Straton I. (Sidon) Straton I. (Punjab) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Strato — aus Lampsakos (Lampsacenus), griechischer Philosoph, lehrte als Vorsteher der peripatetischen Schule zu Athen 18 Jahre lang Aristotelische Philosophie, unterrichtete darin auch den Ptolemäus Philadelphus, den spätern König von Aegypten, st. um… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • strato — s.m. [dal lat. stratum, neutro sost. di stratus, part. pass. di sternĕre distendere ]. 1. a. [quantità di materia di vario spessore, che ricopre uniformemente una superficie: sopra i mobili c era uno s. di polvere alto un dito ] ▶◀ patina, velo,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • strato — strato·spher·i·cal; …   English syllables

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.