- Clover Site
Clover Site (46CB40)
Location: Lesage, West Virginia Governing body: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers NRHP Reference#: 92001881 Significant dates Added to NRHP: April 27, 1992 Designated NHL: April 27, 1992
The Clover Site (46CB40) is a Fort Ancient culture archeological site located near Lesage in Cabell County, West Virginia, United States. It is significant for its well-preserved remains of a late prehistoric/protohistoric Native American village. The sites unique assemblage has made it the type site for the Clover Phase of the Madisonville horizon of the Fort Ancient culture. The Fort Ancient culture is believed to be an in situ development of Late Woodland period peoples.
The site is located 20 miles (32 km) north of Huntington on a high flood terrace of the Ohio River, within the Green Bottom Wildlife Management Area. At 5 acres, it was a large village with a semi-circular layout. It had a centrally located plaza surrounded by habitation areas, very similar to other Fort Ancient sites, although a palisade such as ones found at other sites has yet to be found at Clover. The site once was described as having three raised mound like areas 5 feet (1.5 m) high and 200 feet (61 m) wide, but they can no longer be located. Investigations at the site have produced Native American produced shell-tempered ceramics, stone tools, bone tools, and ornaments. Items of European manufacture, including brass and copper ornaments and glass trade beads have definitively dated the upper levels of the site to the protohistoric period. The artifact assemblages found at the site by avocational archaeologists such as John J. Adams and S.F. Dunett in the 1920s and professional investigations in the 1940s by James B. Griffin, enabled Griffin to propose the Clover Phase of the Madisonville complex that spanned the years 1550 to 1600, a way of identifying this protohistoric time period at other contemporary sites in the region. Other investigations were undertaken at the site in the 1980s by Nicholas Freidin of Marshall University, who conducted an archaeological field school there from 1984 to 1988. Items excavated from the site are now part of the John Adams Collection of artifacts curated by the Huntington Museum of Art.
Connection to other sites
Other sites with significant Clover Phase habitations include the Lower Shawneetown Site, the Buffalo Site, the Hardin Village Site, the Madisonville Site, the Rolfe Lee Site, Logan Site and Marmet Village Site. Pottery excavated from many of these different sites, with types including Madisonville Plain, Cordmarked, or Smoothed Cordmarked wares, have a unique feature(a 2-twist direction to the cordage) which is rarely found in pottery from sites to the west of the Clover Site and are relatively common at sites to its east. This suggest that Clover site people maintained closer contact with sites such as Buffalo, Gue Farm, Marmet, and Rolfe Lee than with other sites that were to its west. Other exotic artifacts found at the site, such as shell gorgets associated with the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex, pottery effigy bowls, and figurines show a connection with Mississippian culture villages in what is now eastern Tennessee.
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ a b "Clover Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=2142&ResourceType=Site. Retrieved 2007-10-13.
- ^ a b c Maslowski, Robert F. (1991-11-16). Grumet, Robert S.. ed. National Register of Historic Places Registration: The Clover Site. National Park Service. http://www.wvculture.org/shpo/nr/pdf/cabell/92001881.pdf. Retrieved 2010-11-03.
- ^ a b c d e Maslowski, Robert F.. "Clover Archeological Site". West Virginia Encyclopedia. West Virginia Humanities Council. http://www.wvencyclopedia.org/articles/1318. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- ^ Griffin, James B. (1943). The Fort Ancient Aspect. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press.
Fort Ancient culture List of archaeological periods (North America) · Mound builder (people) Anderson Focus Baum FocusAlligator Effigy Mound · Baldwin Site · Baum Site · Gartner Site · Serpent Mound Feurt FocusBuffalo Indian Village Site · Feurt Mounds and Village Site · Hardin Village Site · Leo Petroglyph · Hobson Site Madisonville Focus Related topics · Bone Stone Graves · Bone Mound II · Cole culture · Mississippian culture · Monongahela culture · Oliver Phase · Oneota · Owasco culture · Springwells Phase · U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other Category:National Register of Historic Places • Portal:National Register of Historic Places
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Clover Stornetta Inc. — Clover Stornetta Inc. is a dairy company located in Sonoma County, California, which is located near the coast in Northern California.HistoryClover Stornetta Inc. actually did not start out as Clover Stornetta, but was formed from two separate… … Wikipedia
Clover Park High School — entrance. Location 11023 Gravelly Lake Dr. SW Lakewood, WA 98499 … Wikipedia
Clover Hill Mill — U.S. National Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Clover Stornetta Farms — Clover Stornetta Inc. is a dairy company located in Sonoma County, California, which is located near the coast in Northern California. Contents 1 History 2 Clo the Cow 3 Awards 4 … Wikipedia
Clover, South Carolina — Town Motto: The town with love in the middle. Location of Clover, Sout … Wikipedia
Clover Honey — (aka Lady Clover Honey) is the en femme persona of Clover Kevin Welsh and a well known New York City socialite, activist and television personality. Welsh was born in Totowa, New Jersey and as an adult, moved to New York City. He started dressing … Wikipedia
Clover Park Technical College — (CPTC) is located in Lakewood, Washington, in the United States, 42 miles (68 km) south of Seattle. It has an enrollment of 3,500 full time and 18,000 part time students. The areas of study offered are Technology, Natural Sciences Design… … Wikipedia
Clover Park School District — Cpark.png Type and location Type Public Grades Pre K through 12 Country United States Location … Wikipedia
Clover Hill High School — Address 13301 Kelly Green Lane Midlothian, Virginia 23112 Information School type … Wikipedia
Clover (band) — Clover was an American country rock band formed in Mill Valley, California in 1967. They are best known as the backup band for Elvis Costello s 1977 debut album My Aim Is True (recorded in the UK), and for members later forming or joining more… … Wikipedia