Henri Torres

Henry Torrès (1891-1966) was born in Les Andelys in 1891. His grandfather, Isaiah Levaillant, had founded the League for the Defense of Human and Civil Rights during the Dreyfus Affair.


As a young man, Torres became an active communist and worked as a journalist for various socialist publications. During the First World War he served as an infantry sergeant, was injured at Verdun and won several medals including the Croix de Guerre.After the war Torres decided to study law and became a criminal lawyer. With Moro Giafferi and Campinchi he was known as one of the "three Musketeers" -- all brilliant young leaders of the Paris bar. In his early years Torrès had aspired to become a comedian, but his style was encumbered by a pronounced lisp. Nonetheless, in his later years he was famed for his booming voice and flamboyant personality.

Torrès was involved in several criminal trials, before the Schwartzbard trial, not only in Paris but in Moscow and in Rumania. Upon returning to Paris he initiated a protest campaign denouncing the barbaric treatment of Jews in Bessarabia. After the Schwartzbard trial he was recognized as one of France's leading trial lawyers and remained active in political affairs.

After the Nazi invasion of France, Torrès fled to South America, but was expelled first from Uruguay and then from Brazil because of his leftist associations. He moved on to Canada and then the United States. While in America, he campaigned against the Petain regime and supported De Gaulle. As a Jew, he had been banned from the French bar and because of his anti-government pamphlets and books he was condemned to death by the Petain regime.


In New York City Torres served as editor-in-chief of La Voix de France, a political journal for refugees and later as a professor of law at the Universities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. After the war, he returned to his homeland and was reinstated into the French bar.

From 1948 to 1958 he was a Gaullist senator for the Seine Department.He served briefly as Vice President of the High Court of Justice and did work in the national radio and television system, serving as President of the state monopoly from 1948 to 1959.

Torres was a prolific writer and also wrote plays with a legal background including French translations of The Trial of Mary Dugan and Witness for the Prosecution. Henry Torrès died at his Paris home in 1966. He was 75.


Further reading

*Jean-Denis Bredin, "The Affair: The Case of Alfred Dreyfus" (1986)
*Eric Cahm, "The Dreyfus Affair in French Society and Politics" (1996), ISBN 0-582-27679-9)
*Guy Chapman, "The Dreyfus Trials" (1972)
*Nicholas Halasz, "Captain Dreyfus: The Story of a Mass Hysteria" (1955)
*Michael Burns, "France and the Dreyfus Affair: A Documentary History" (1999)
*David Levering Lewis, "Prisoners of Honor, the Dreyfus Affair"(1994),Henry Holt and Co, ISBN 0-8050-3766-7
*The Hon Justice Michael Kirby AC CMG, "The Dreyfus Case a Century On - Ten Lessons for Ireland & Australia" http://www.lawsociety.ie/documents/committees/hr/lectures/dreyfusaffair2006.pdf

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