- Casa Pia child sexual abuse scandal
The Casa Pia child sexual abuse scandal refers to child abuses involving a number of children and employees at
Casa Pia, a Portuguese state-run institution for the education and support of poor children and under-age orphans. Giles Tremlett, [http://www.guardian.co.uk/child/story/0,7369,1356110,00.html Portugal rocked by child abuse scandal] , Sunday November 21, 2004, The Guardian] Portuguese Judiciary Police ( Polícia Judiciária) officials estimate that more than 100 boys and girls of the 4,600 pupils enrolled in Casa Pia at the time, including some deaf and mute, may have been sexually abused.
Although some reports of abuse dates to before
Carnation Revolution1974, in 1981, Portuguese Judiciary Police ( Polícia Judiciária) accused the caretaker of a Casa Pia state-run children's home of raping dozens of children over a period of 30 years, and supplying children to several men of both Portuguese and other nationalities, including some prominent personalities of Portugal. At the time, Portuguese Judiciary Police ( Polícia Judiciária) had possession of photographs taken by one of four men accused sexually abusing young children. Fact|date=October 2007 These pictures inexplicably disappeared from the police files and the case against the caretaker was dropped.Fact|date=October 2007
The scandal of alleged sexual abuse at the state-run Casa Pia orphanages resurfaced when several former orphanage children came forward with accusations of abuse. The accusations linked some politicians, diplomats, and media celebrities — all of whom were alleged to have conspired in a pedophilia ring that had operated for decades. The scandal broke in September 2002 when the mother of one alleged victim, known as Joel, complained of abuse by staff at a Casa Pia house.
Former Casa Pia children came forward to publicly accuse several personalities of sexual abuse. The weekly magazine Visão reported that a Portuguese diplomat, Jorge Ritto, was removed from his post as consul in
Stuttgart(1969-1971) after German authorities complained to Lisbon about his involvement with an under-age boy in a public park. [Pedro Vieira, VISÃO (Portuguese magazine) number 508, 28th November 2002]
Accused were diplomat Jorge Ritto, Carlos Cruz (a famous Portuguese television presenter), Carlos Silvino (a.k.a. Bibi, an employee of Casa Pia and a former pupil in the institution) Ferreira Diniz (a physician from Lisbon), Hugo Marçal (a lawyer who was a defendant of Carlos Silvino in the early stages of the process) and among other individuals, a marine archaeologist.
Secretary of State for Labor and Training from 1999 to 2001,
Paulo Pedroso, who was responsible for the Casa Pia homes, which care for some 4,600 children at 10 centers around Portugal, was suspected of 15 cases of sexual violence against minors, which allegedly took place between 1999 and 2000. His case was also subsequently dropped. In September 2008, a Portuguese court ordered the state to pay 100,000 euros ($140,000) to the ex-minister Paulo Pedroso, on the grounds that he was wrongly detained on paedophilia charges. [pt icon [http://jn.sapo.pt/PaginaInicial/Sociedade/Interior.aspx?content_id=1008036 Casa Pia: Paulo Pedroso ganha acção contra o Estado] ]
The Socialist Party leader at the time,
Eduardo Ferro Rodrigues, who was a close personal friend of Paulo Pedroso, offered to undergo police questioning after “he had learned of plans to implicate him in the [Casa Pia] scandal”. The weekly paper Expressopublished a report on May 25, 2003 from four children who said they saw Ferro Rodrigues at locations where sexual abuse was taking place. The paper said there was no evidence he was personally involved and the Attorney General José Souto de Moura insisted he was not a suspect. Ferro Rodrigues took legal action against those who said they saw him at locations where sexual abuse was taking place. Rodrigues has said, “I want it to be clear: our fight will be serene but determined and it is and will only be directed at those who are responsible for this defamation, whatever their objective is.”
The Prime Minister at the time,
José Manuel Durão Barroso, whose Social Democratic Party ousted the Socialists in March 2002, promised to bring life and honor back into the Casa Pia child's homes and allow new director Catalina Pestana to reform the institution. As a result, several senior staff of Casa Piawere fired after the 2002 revelations. However, Pestana, told parliament and the media, as late as 2007, that there may still be pedophiles in the Casa Pia system. She also criticised the legal changes made after the start of the trial, which she claims were made in order to help those who were present to court.pt icon [http://diariodigital.sapo.pt/news.asp?section_id=13&id_news=299987 Casa Pia: Catalina Pestana diz que não quis criticar juizes] , 17th October 2007, Diário Digital]
The Casa Pia abuse scandal has had a positive effect of raising public awareness of sexual abuse of children. The number of incidents reported to Portuguese police has soared after the scandal has been revealed. [pt icon Catarina Guerreiro, [http://www.correiodamanha.pt/noticia.asp?idCanal=9&id=108844 Menores: triplicou número de queixas de pedofilia na PJ CASA PIA FAZ DISPARAR DENÚNCIAS DE ABUSO] ,
Correio da Manhã]
Investigation and trial
The Casa Pia child sex abuse trial started in 2004. The final allegations are scheduled for 20th October 2008 in
The country's justice system, often accused of being excruciatingly slow, is believed by some accounts to be vulnerable for external pressures of well-connected personalities and the possibility of corrupting external interference has been considered a real danger, according to critics.
Critics allege that the investigation has been painfully slow. They fear that even if Carlos Silvino (the Casa Pia driver), whose initial trial has been twice postponed, is found guilty, better-connected abusers may go free. [pt icon [http://ultimahora.publico.clix.pt/noticia.aspx?id=1307441 Casa Pia: Catalina Pestana alega que julgamento se arrasta porque era preciso esperar por "leis mais brandas"] , 13th October 2007,
Other cases of institutional child sexual abuse
A few examples of other well-known institutional child sexual abuse cases from around the world:
Wales child abuse scandal, Wales, United Kingdom
Haut de la Garenne, Jersey, United Kingdom
Bryn Estynchildren's home in Wrexham, United Kingdom[ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/644845.stm Special report: Child abuse scandal] ] [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/more_about/0,,234014,00.html The Wales child abuse scandal] ]
*The Artane industrial school,
Dublin, Ireland[ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_20010923/ai_n14531845 THE HELL OF A BOY'S LIFE AT ARTANE: Decades of abuse at school] ]
Duplessis Orphans, the victims of a scheme in which several thousand orphaned children were falsely certified as mentally ill by the government of the province of Quebec, Canada
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