Lex loci rei sitae

The "lex loci rei sitae" (Latin: law of the place where the property is situated) is a doctrine which states that the law governing the transfer of title to property is dependent upon, and varies with, the location of the property for the purposes of the Conflict of Laws. Conflict is the branch of public law regulating all lawsuits involving a "foreign" law element where a difference in result will occur depending on which laws are applied.

Explanation

When a case comes before a court and all the main features of the case are local, the court will apply the "lex fori", the prevailing municipal law, to decide the case. But if there are "foreign" elements to the case, the forum court may be obliged under the Conflict of Laws system to consider:
*whether the forum court has jurisdiction to hear the case (see the problem of forum shopping);
*it must then characterise the issues, i.e. allocate the factual basis of the case to its relevant legal classes; and
*then apply the choice of law rules to decide which law is to be applied to each class.The "lex loci rei sitae" is a choice of law rule applied to identify the lex causae for cases involving title to, or the possession and use of personal property. In law, there are two types of property:
*Real property is land or any permanent feature or structure above or below the surface. Ownership of land is an aspect of the system of "real property" or "realty" in common law systems ("immovables" in civil law systems and the Conflict of Laws).
*All other property is considered "personal property" or "personalty" in common law systems ("movables" in civil law systems and the Conflict of Laws), and this property is either "tangible" or "intangible", i.e. it is either physical property that can be touched like a computer, or it is an enforceable right like a patent or other form of intellectual property. In theory, the term "lex situs" is applied only to immovable property and "lex loci rei sitae" refers to the law of the "situs" of movable property, but this distinction is less common today and, with the excpetion of this definition, the term is ignored for the purposes of the Conflict pages on the Wikipedia save to say that movables may be portable, so the "lex situs" of movables is the law of the state in which the property is to be found at the time the case is heard to ensure that there will be few problems when it comes to the enforceable of the judgment.

See also

*Lex loci celebrationis
*Lex loci contractus
*Lex loci delicti commissi
*Lex loci solutionis


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lex loci rei sitae — La Lex loci rei sitæ es una locución latina utilizada en el Derecho internacional privado, que significa ‘la ley del lugar de donde los bienes estén situados’. Es una doctrina que indica que la ley aplicable a la transferencia de los bienes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • lex loci rei sitae — /leks lowsay riyay saytiy/ The law of the place where a thing or subject matter is situated. The title to realty or question of real estate law can be affected only by the law of the place where the realty is situated. Golden v. Alexander, 141… …   Black's law dictionary

  • lex loci rei sitae — The law of the place where the subject matter is situated …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • lex loci rei sitae — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lex loci — In Conflict of Laws, the term lex loci (Latin for the law of the place )Eugene Ehrich, Amo, Amas, Amat and More , p. 170, ISBN 0 06 272017 1.] is a shorthand version of the choice of law rules that determine the lex causae .The relevant rules are …   Wikipedia

  • lex rei sitae — /leks riyay saytiy/ The law of the place of situation of the thing. It is said to be an inexact mode of expression; lex situs, or lex loci rei sites are better …   Black's law dictionary

  • lex loci sitae rei — The law of the place where the property lies. Crapo v Kelly (US) 16 Wall 610, 21 L Ed 430, 438 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Lex situs — The term lex situs (Latin) refers to the law of the place in which property is situated for the purposes of the Conflict of laws. For example, property may subject to tax pursuant to the law of the place of the property or by virtue of the… …   Wikipedia

  • lex situs — noun see lex loci rei sitae …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lex — f. (Plural Leges, lateinisch für „Gesetz“) ist ein Begriff aus dem Römischen Reich, der im weiteren Sinne jede Rechtsvorschrift bezeichnet, im engeren Sinne jedoch nur die Rechtsvorschriften, die einen bestimmten Weg durchlaufen hatten. Ursprung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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