List of English words of Urdu origin

Words of Urdu origin have entered other languages. Many words have been incorporated into Indian English. Some have thence been exported to the English language in general and thence to other languages.

A

;Amri: from Amri, town in Sind province, Pakistan, its type station, of or belonging to the earliest known stone-using and shell-using culture of the Indus river system which extends also into the Sind and southern Baluchistan and is characterized by a distinctive pottery. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=amri Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Amri] ]

B

;Barisal guns: from Barisal, town in Bangladesh. Brontides heard near the town of Barisal on a mouth of the Ganges. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=barisal+guns Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Barisal Guns] ] ;Bungalow: from Hindi "banglA" & Urdu "banglA", literally, "(house) in the Bengal style". [ [http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/bungalow Merriam-Webster Online - Bungalow] ]

C

;Chittagong wood: from Chittagong, city in Bangladesh. The wood of either of two Indian trees (Chukrasia tabularis and Toona ciliata) of the family Meliaceae used for its mahoganylike qualities in cabinetwork. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=chittagong+wood Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Chittagong Wood] ] ;Cushy: from "khushi" خوشی - easy, happy, soft.

G

;Garam Masala: from Hindi and Urdu "garam masala", literally, "hot spices". [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=garam+masala Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Garam Masala] ]

J

;Jaconet: modification of Urdu "jagannathi", from "Jagannath (Puri)", [India] , where such cloth was first made. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=jaconet Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Jaconet] ] ;Jhukar: from Jhukar, Sind, Pakistan, where artifacts were found. Of or relating to a culture of the Indus valley about 2500 B.C. and later that is known from settlements built upon those of Harappa and is characterized by buildings inferior to Harappa and round crudely decorated seals or seal amulets of pottery. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=jhukar Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Jhukar] ] ;Jinnah C
Pakistani statesman Muhammad Ali Jinnah died in 1948. A hat shaped like a fez but made of real or imitation karakul and worn by Pakistani Muslims on occasion. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=jinnah+cap Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Jinnah Cap] ] It is called a "Karakulli topi" (Topi meaning cap).

K

;Khaki: of dust colour.;Kulli: from Kulli, locality in southern Baluchistan, Pakistan, site of the finds. Of or relating to a prehistoric culture of southern Baluchistan characterized by polychrome vases and small objects modeled in clay. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=kulli Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Kulli] ]

M

;Multan: from Multan, Pakistan. A kind of rug prevalent in Multan. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=multan Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Multan] ]

P

;Paki: short for "Pakistani". [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=paki Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Paki] ] ;Pakistani: from Hindustani "Pakistan". [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=pakistani Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Pakistani] ] ;Poori: from Hindi & Urdu "puri", from Sanskrit "pura" "cake". [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=poori Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Poori] ]

Q

;Quetta: from Quetta, town in Baluchistan, Pakistan. Of or belonging to a culture of northern Baluchistan of about the fourth millennium B.C. characterized by pottery decorated in geometric designs. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=quetta Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Quetta] ]

R

;Raita: from Hindi & Urdu "rayta". [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=raita Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Raita] ] ;Rangpur: from Rangpur, town and region in Bangladesh. Any of various mandarin oranges with sour highly acid fruits. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=rangpur Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Rangpur] ] ;Roti: from Hindi & Urdu "roti" "bread"; akin to Prakrit "rotta" "rice flour", Sanskrit "rotika" "kind of bread". [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=roti Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Roti] ]

;Sahiwal: from Sahiwal, town in western Pakistan. An Indian breed of humped short-horned solid-colored dairy cattle. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=sahiwal Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Sahiwal] ]

T

;Tharparkar: from Thar and Parkar, district in Pakistan. An Indian breed of pale gray humped dairy cattle with lyrate horns. [ [http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=tharparkar Merriam-Webster Unabridged - Tharparkar] ]

See also

* "List of English words of Hindi origin"
* "List of English words of Persian origin"

References


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